• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The causes of the second world war - Problems 1919-1924.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THE CAUSES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR PROBLEMS 1919-1924 � The Versailles peacemakers had done their best to construct a durable settlement, but no single county was entirely satisfied with the results. � Italy Having failed to gain the territory promised in 1915, Italy felt cheated by the treaty and was not committed to upholding it. In 1922 when Mussolini came to power he was determined to improve Italy's international status. �Russia The existence of Lenin's Bolshevik government encouraged the possibility of a communist revolution sweeping across Europe. The Comintern was set up to spread the revolution abroad. But when Stalin came to power, his main concern was domestic affairs- socialism in one country rather than world revolution. �Germany Germany had been greatly weakened by the defeat in the First World War. Its army had been reduced in size and its over sea's empire lost. Germany refused to accept that the Versailles settlement was a fair and final outcome of the war. �France France feared an attack from Germany. For that reason it maintained the largest military force in Europe. In 1923 French and Belgian troops occupied Ruhr with the intention of forcing Germany to pay reparations. ...read more.

Middle

His main aim was getting lebensraum which could only be achieved by war. The first objectives were to takeover Czechoslovakia and Austria. �Sino-Japanese War started in July 19637 when Japanese forces took over large areas of China. Great Britain hoped Japan would be defeated. �The Anschlusssss (union) To unite Austria and Germany was forbidden by the treaties of Versailles and Saint Germain. Since 1934 the Austrian government had struggled to keep the Austrian Nazis under control. Schuschnigg, the Austrian Chancellor, got bullied and threatened into including Nazi's into his government. He held a plebiscite on whether Austria should join Germany. This was an attempt to destroy Hitler's claim that most Austrians wanted union. Hitler demanded the cancellation of the plebiscite and threatened war. Schuschnigg resigned and Austrian Nazis took power and invited Hitler to send troops into Austria to preserve order. Hitler declared Austria was to be fully integrated into the Third Reich. Great Britain and France did nothing (France simply protested). THE PROBLEM OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA �Czechoslovakia- only about half of the 15 million population was Czech. 3.25 million Germans lived in Sudetenland and were the biggest minority. By 1938 the Sudeten German Party was demanding either home rule or union with Germany. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Poles, suspicious of Russian intentions, would not accept this issue. The Soviet Government maintained that this attitude convinced them that Britain and France were not in earnest in their negotiations. Stalin had no wish for an alliance with the west. � Nazi-Soviet Pact From 1933 the USSR had occasionally made approaches to Germany suggesting better relations. But in 1939 Hitler realized that a deal with Stalin would strengthen his position, at least in the short term, and hoped it would frighten Britain and France into backing out of their guarantees to Poland. On 23 of August the Nazi-Soviet non-aggression pact was signed. Secret clauses of the pact divided Poland and Eastern Europe into spheres of German and Russian influence. The way was now open for the German attack on Poland, which was planned to start 26 August. �Hitler was prepared to risk, but he didn't want a two-front war. Hitler was surprised and shaken by Mussolini's announcement that Italy intended to remain neutral, decided to postpone his invasion until 1 September. On the evening of the 31 August 1939 Germany claimed that one of its wireless stations near the Polish border had been attacked y the Poles. This claim, totally fabricated, was used as the excuse for war. 1 September German troops invaded Poland. 3 September Britain and France declared war (after an ultimatum was sent to Germany, but no reply was received). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the League of Nations fail?

    5 star(s)

    The long-term causes are those that had set roots long before the actual failure of the League. Long-term, the following factors led up to the failure of the League: i. The respective failures of 'moral force' and collective security. ii.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Major Causes of French Revolution

    4 star(s)

    Their views stemmed from the scientific revolution of the previous century. They were convinced that all creation was similarly rational, so that it was possible for man to uncover laws which regulated society, politics, economy and even morality. These laws would teach mankind what they are but what they should do and ought to be.

  1. How and why did the Weimar Governments collapse between October 1929 and January 1933?

    NSDAP, who won 37.4% of the vote, making them the largest party in the Reichstag by a wide margin. This meant that with a combined 52% of the vote and a seat majority, the two parties that virulently opposed the political system were now the most influential in the Reichstag.

  2. To what extent do you consider that Hitler and the Nazis had achieved their ...

    But he could not change the minds of people (especially mature). For Hitler to change society he needed to make it self sufficient and ready for war, when Hitler rose into power he removed the treaty of Versile which gave him a lot of respect from Germans because it left their country defenceless and in economic depression.

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Allowed individuals to make money and do well for themselves ï meaning they’d be able to spend more, boosting the economy. 4. Major businesses were in state hands. 5. The population as a whole were protected. Arguments against the NEP: Not everyone, even those in the Communist party, believed that the NEP was a good thing.

  2. Even after the German occupation of Prague in March 1939, Neville Chamberlain was reluctant ...

    What had now changed were not Chamberlain?s views as source 9 argues, but the public, which gives Chamberlain more options with dealing with future crisis; he could if needed produce an ultimatum to Hitler and be fully backed by the public, which he does in March 1939 over Poland.

  1. To what extent did the post-war peacemaking and peacekeeping efforts affect international relations leading ...

    Numerous events lead up to the empowerment of Nazi Germany; these events include France?s initial use of pacifism after World War One through the establishment of the Treaty of Versailles signed in 1919; the establishment and failure of the League of Nations, functioning 1920 through 1939; and the world-wide shockwave created by the Great Depression beginning in 1933.

  2. Notes and Reading on the causes of the French Revolution.

    He is distinguishing between the two causes, structure and issues but the social issues that the people of France faced at that time were as a direct result of the social structure. The social structure of France and the way it was arranged geographically, politically and socially.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work