• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"The Change in Poland Over the Past 20 Years: Communism to Capitalism"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"The Change in Poland Over the Past 20 Years: Communism to Capitalism" Table of Contents 1. Introduction.................................................................................... 1 2. Political changes.............................................................................. 1 3. Changes in the economy..................................................................... 2 4. Social life after the fall of Communism................................................... 3 5. Conclusion....................................................................................... 3 Introduction The period of communist rule in Poland spanned nearly half the 20th century. From the end of World War II until the system collapsed in 1989, Poland was under the control of the Soviet Union. While the country maintained its formal independence, unlike those times in past centuries when even the country's name was wiped off the map of Europe, Soviet rule led to major changes in Poland. No aspect of Polish life-whether political, social or economic-remained the same. That's why when after the 40 years of communism in Poland the Round Table's meeting was arranged in Warsaw many people expected significant changes. The talks were held in the Council of Ministers Office and nearly four hundred representatives of different political and social formations agreed to find the most appropriate solutions that will forever change the structure of the country. ...read more.

Middle

At present the parliamentary system is still continued. Poland has successfully transformed itself into a fully democratic country. Since 1991 the Polish people have voted in parliamentary elections and four presidential elections. Incumbent governments have transferred power smoothly and constitutionally in every instance to their successors. All political changes contributed also to the fact that In 88888 Poland entered the European Union which would never be possible under the regime of communists. Changes in the economy On January 1, 1990, the Polish post communist government introduced one of the most far-reaching and radical economic reform programs ever undertaken in any country during this century. Aimed at quickly transforming a communist economy based on central planning and state ownership into an economy with market allocation of resources and largely private ownership, the Balcerowicz Plan, named after Finance Minister Leszek Balcerowicz, sought to do many things at once: greatly reduce the runaway rate of inflation (which was as high as 50% per month); decontrol most prices; eliminate shortages; make the Polish currency convertible into other currencies at market rates; cease the subsidization of state enterprises; and remove most restrictions on foreign trade. ...read more.

Conclusion

The censorship was lifted and freedom of speech was obeyed. The face of media also changed. They are no more the tool of government. New totally different programs and audition were created also that which purpose is to entertain viewers. At present we have the right to chose what we want to see or read. After 1989 the non-governmental organizations are developing quickly, having become a permanent aspect of public life. The reform of the health, pension, and educational systems has also begun. Conclusion 45 years it's a very long period during which almost every aspect of life was changed. The year 1989 brought many significant changes in politics, economy, social life and in many others areas. It gave us the chance to built strong and modern society. But when finally the system fell some people were still complaining and even now some of them admits they miss the period. Perhaps the main reason is unemployment which decreased in last years but still force people to search better life abroad. But it's important how long it took us to take back our independence. We can now live in free country and it's hard to imagine how our life would like when Communism didn't fall. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?

    refusing to accept the Russian general Rokossovsky as the Polish Minister for Defence. (9) The situation was diffused by a compromise which was made on both sides, with Poland agreeing to remain in the communist Eastern bloc if the nationalist communist leader Gomulka, who had been imprisoned by Stalin, was reinstated.

  2. Disadvantages of Capitalism.

    welfare system Immense Quite extensive Small to moderate No welfare system power by the state is at the expense of individual freedom. Socialism upholds that man is not an end in himself, and that he must sacrifice his own convictions for the sake of the greater good of the collective entity.

  1. The Fall of Communism in Russia.

    During this period the public was given a say in the government, albeit an extremely minor one, and the judicial system eased it's aggressiveness allowing a defendant a better chance of defending themselves.

  2. American Capitalism.

    Over all this opulence was the booming stock market on Wall Street, rising to an all time high, representing all that was American capitalism, rapidly increasing from strength to strength, unfortunately building on the unsteady foundation of a dream. In 1928 the number of people living beneath the poverty line

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work