• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Changing Nature of Warfare - Napoleon

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Impact - Generalship Duke of Marlborough The first Duke of Marlborough, John Churchill, was known as a great general and one of Britain?s greatest generals, to be specific, as a result of his sophisticated generalship. His career ran through the duration of five monarchs which highlights the idea of him being a great general as he was able to last that long. He successfully guided the allied armies in such a way that he was able to maintain unity amongst them thus conveying his tactful skills. Moreover, he is seen as the reason for prosperity in Britain throughout the 18th century as his victories converted the country from a minor to a major power. It wasn?t the fact that he had personal courage as well as organizational and political skills but the fact that he encouraged this within his army was the reason for his vast amount of victories. In addition to this encouragement he shared a personal relationship with the soldiers and was able to gain their trust and confidence through his concern about their welfare. For these reasons he is seen as preparing his army better than anybody else in that time as he provided his men with anything they needed such as pay, arms and healthcare. ...read more.


Moreover, several aspects of warfare had either changed or developed by the time of their army. An example of this is the size and sophistication of the army: they were now professional and paid armies which enhance the performance of the army and the size obviously made them much more effective on the battlefield. Also, mobile war was in effect thus making it easier for soldiers to travel around as they were able to move at a faster pace and equipped the same. Medical care as well as accommodation and food was also advanced and suited to match those armies. Weaponry and tactics A notable tactic used was designating the soldiers to suitable groups and formation. The formation of battalion columns: the general took into consideration the fact that not every soldier was highly skilful so he introduced the battalion column which barely required any training to perfect. They were positioned in such a way that they would forcefully make their way through an enemy?s line once the skirmishers had done their work. Skirmishers were troops who were extremely courageous and skilful. They were positioned in a screen in front of the army which initially protected the troops. ...read more.


This process was a mass conscription where every able bodied, unmarried men between 18-25 had to be conscripted. Others such as married men, women, children and the elderly were also assigned different jobs to contribute to war efforts. This reinforces the idea of the whole country going to war and participating rather than just those fighting. This was beneficial as it drastically increased the size of the armies and this Carnot was named ‘Organizer of Victory’ by the government. Public Opinion Now that the population were actually involved and participating they had an opinion and it was valid. Though they barely had anything negative to say many did disagree with the process of the Levée en Masse as it involved forcefully conscripting people against their own will. Medical Care There was a slow progress in medical treatment but it was still some kind of beneficial progress. In 1743, it was agreed that the field hospitals should be regarded as neutral for the sick. This benefited the wounded on the battlefield and contributed to the idea of the later Red Cross. In 1752, Pringle published a book which set out, what people thought at first were, good medical practices for armies but worse and included using ointments which contained harmful mercury. In 1761, Hunter introduced new methods to treat gunshot wounds but they were not actually considered until a year later. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent was warfare between Britain and France the main contributory factor in ...

    3 star(s)

    France who was in the strongest position prior to this engagement, felt the full force of the blow. The economy in France was again in a dire situation, William Young writes "France was bankrupt and devastated by a savage winter in 1708-1709 and desperate for peace", another cause for the

  2. The First English Civil War

    It is true that even a semblance of Presbyterian theocracy put the "Independents" on their guard, and definitely raised the question of freedom of conscience. Secret negotiations were opened between the Independents and Charles on that basis. However, they soon discovered that the King was merely using them as instruments

  1. To what extent was Napoleon a Dictator

    The authoritarian nature of the Constitution and set up of government proved Napoleon was a dictator, because by the end of 1802 he had centralised power around himself for the rest of his life. More proof that Napoleon was a dictator was the police state he set up.

  2. Consider David Starkey(TM)s and Francis Pryor(TM)s respective versions of the nature and extent of ...

    Richard Reece based his interpretations from excavations in Cirencester. His view was that Roman Britain was in decline during the 3rd Century and by 400 most of the Roman institutions had disappeared and that the towns were merely administrative centres. He argues that there were no mass migrations of Anglo Saxons but Anglo Saxon fashion became popular in 5th Century eastern England.

  1. Explain the successes of Calvin in Geneva

    For his first stay in Geneva, he was invited by Guillaume Farel, the leading Protestant in Geneva, and after having been ordered to leave, he was once more begged to return by the ruling Small Council, who hoped Calvin could bring some structure and stability to their city.

  2. Roman Army

    has been highlighted in the writings of Tacitus, to recreate the glories of quasi mythical figures such as Achilles and Alexander the Great. Much in the manner that the crowds in the UK greeted each new Victorian acquisition of territory during the imperialist heyday of the nineteenth century, so Caesar's

  1. How has the nature of leadership changed over the period 1790-1945?

    It is natural to highlight the individual achievements of characters that come to define conflicts and even whole periods in the collective historical memory. Inspirational military leaders have been the source of great national pride because their heroic escapades can readily be established as representative of an idealised national character.

  2. Evalute the importance, strengths and weaknesses of the Spartan Army

    Kevin, K M , K H 2003, Sparta, viewed 4 June, 2012, <http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~sparta/index.html>. Thayer, B T 2008, Diodorus Siculus, viewed 4 June, 2012,<http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Diodorus_Siculus/13C*.html>. Gill, N S G 2012, Sparta- Rise of Power, viewed 5 June, 2012, <http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/sparta/a/spartarisepower.htm>. Fordham University, 1998, The Peloponnesian war, viewed 5 June, 2012,<http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/asbook07.asp#The Peloponnesian War>.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work