• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Cold War came to an end because the Soviet bloc was fatally undermined by popular protests in Eastern Europe. How far do you agree with this view?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐The Cold War came to an end because the Soviet bloc was fatally undermined by popular protests in Eastern Europe. How far do you agree with this view? It can be argued that popular protests did play an extremely significant role in the end of the cold war. This view is supported in source 10, which links the protests to the end of the Soviet Union, which then ended the Cold War. Source 11 on the other hand focuses on the role of Gorbachev and Reagan played. Source 12 puts has a more structuralist view emphases on the economic failings of the Soviet Union, which undermined them. This essay will argue that despite popular protests, it was a combination of factors that led to the end of the cold war. ...read more.

Middle

Despite the popular protests being a key factor in the dismantling of communism, if it wasn?t for Gorbachev, perhaps the protests may not have happened. The USSR was no longer willing to support unpopular communist governments, who were in danger of becoming a financial drain and a political embarrassment. Although it was not purely popular protests that led to the Soviet bloc being undermined. Jones is Source 10 begins to develop that the reasoning behind opposition for communism were that state controlled economies were ?insufficient,? and ?unable to produce sufficient food or good for the people.? Dockrill and Hopkins in source 12 also support this, quoting that in the ?1980?s, there were enormous economic problems.? Also by the end of the 1980?s the technology used in the USSR was out of date, and they were also slow to develop new technology. ...read more.

Conclusion

Gorbachev had no choice but to reform due to the economic state in the Soviet Union, as which is supported in sources 10 and 12. Source 11 is a combination of the role of gorbachev and a triumphalist, as it suggests that Reagan also contributed in the ending of the cold war, who was not put under pressure to go against his beliefs by outside distractions. Therefore in conclusion popular protests did play a key role in the end of the cold war. Due to Gorbachev and his glasnost political movement, this caused a relaxation in the communist system, and Eastern European nations taking the advantage of the freedom causing popular protests, undermining the Soviet bloc. Despite this it was a combination of Gorbachev, Reagan, and a poor economic state, and popular protests that caused the decline of the Soviet bloc, eventually leading to the end of the cold war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * The most important aspect of the alliance was that if anyone of the member countries was to be attacked, all the others would immediately protect it. * Since 1949 most countries of western Europe have joined NATO and in the last years some of the former communist countries, such as Poland and Hungary have joined.

  2. The Collapse of Communism in the USSR and Eastern Europe

    While it gained great public acclaim as a rare superpower agreement to play by the same rules, however, the Helsinki process was in fact treated with little respect by its signatories. That the U.S. valued it as something that the media could use to bring out Soviet atrocities, both within

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    war materiel, the decisive form of relief that Stalin sought was the actual involvement of American and British soldiers in Western Europe. Only such an invasion could significantly relieve the pressure of massive German divisions on the eastern front. During the years 1941-44, fewer than 10 percent of Germany's troops

  2. The Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe

    In 1968, twelve years after the Hungarian Uprising, Czechoslovakia posed a similar threat to the USSR. A new leader, Leonid Brezhnev, had replaced Khrushchev. The people of Czechoslovakia had seen what had happened in 20 years of communism and they didn't like it.

  1. How important were developments in Eastern Europe to the collapse of the Soviet Union?

    Over the course of 1991, national income fell, according to official sources, 15% more relatively than the 30's US. The saving on costs on Eastern Europe, and the help that Germany (US$8 billion), the United States, and other West European countries that amounted to several billions did not help it enough.

  2. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?

    It must be seen to work for the good of the people and not merely a vociferous minority. This, therefore, can be argued to be one of the contributing factors in the downfall of communism. A second related factor, which had a hand in bringing about the end of communism

  1. How True is it to say that the period 1953-1962 saw a relaxation of ...

    This, coupled with the proximity of the two sides, and the relative ease with which the border could be crossed, meant that between 1949 and 1957 more than two million refugees had fled across to West Berlin in search of employment or to escape the Soviet regime.

  2. (Sources) - How far do you agree with the view that Reagans actions ...

    On the contrary, historians writing at that time may have been biased towards Reagan?s policies as they saw firm action as the only effective way of standing up to aggression. This was reinforced by events such as the war in Iraq against the dictator Saddam Hussein ? using the end

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work