• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The continuation of the war was the main reason that the Tsarist government collapsed in February 1917

Extracts from this document...


The continuation of the war was the main reason that the Tsarist government collapsed in February 1917. How far do you agree? In February 1917, the Tsarist government collapsed. After 300 years of ruling the Romanov dynasty surrendered the reins of power to the hands of the provisional committee, thus ending Tsardom in Russia. What had, at first been a 'simple' crisis in a single city, had turned into a full-blown revolution which ended up overthrowing the Tsar and the autocracy which he had represented. There were many factors, both long and short term involved in the sequence of events which led to this momentous decision. These included the incompetence of the Tsar and the Great War. To this day historians debate whether World War I was the main reason for the Tsardom's collapse or whether it was due to a host of other factors. This essay will explore top what extent the Great War was the main reason behind the collapse of Nicholas II's government in February 1917. ...read more.


as for the overthrow of the autocracy. 'Down with the Tsar!' and 'Down with the War!' were now their main demands.2" thus the war greatly contributed to the demise of the Tsardom and the development of the revolution. Another way in which the war contributed to the collapse of the Tsardom was the necessity for rationing and other such deprivations. After 3 years of war, the Russian people were beginning to feel the adverse effects of a long drawn-out conflict on such a large scale. There was a general shortage of food and this meant that people became more desperate and more susceptible to believing in rumours. Thus when a rumour of bread rationing circulated, there was a host of people ready to believe it. This single factor caused the protests in the first place even though there was enough bread in the city to last another three months. Therefore the war caused the protests which evolved into the 1917 revolution. The war also contributed to the Tsar's demise by highlighting the incompetency and inefficiency of the high command. ...read more.


Furthermore, had the Tsar and his advisors not given the fatal order to violently repress the crowds, it is uncertain whether the "revolution" would have been a success. Also had the officials in Petrograd given out bread to the masses then the revolutionaries amongst the protestors would have been unable to harness the raw power of the crowds and turn it into a political revolt. Thus the incompetence of the Tsar and his ministers played a pivotal role in the collapse of the Tsarist regime. To conclude the war did play a major role in the collapse of the Tsarist government and can be seen as a catalyst. However there were other factors which also played key roles in the February revolution of 1917, which must not be forgotten. Therefore although the war did play a major role in the demise of the tsarist government, it was not the main reason as other influential factors were also involved. 1 Remarks of a Cossack soldier involved in repressing the workers - taken from "Russia in Revolution" 2 "Russia in Revolution" - Glorious February ?? ?? ?? ?? Alistair Hughes 28/01/2008 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how the effects of the First World War caused the collapse of the ...

    4 star(s)

    The fuel shortage also meant that people were cold. The winter of 1916/17 worsened this by making conditions even colder for the Russian population. Temperatures went as low as 35�C below zero. Supplies of grain, coal, wood and oil dwindled to nothing. The shortage of fuel also led to many factories closing, causing many workers to become unemployed.

  2. The 1917 Revolution.

    (Ten Days that Shook the World - J. Reed) To such soldiers the Bolsheviks directed their slogan of "Peace, Bread, and Land". To the peasants in the countryside also, such Bolshevik ideas were attractive because of food shortages. Committees were formed among the peasants as revolutionary ideas caught hold.

  1. To what extent were the actions of Tsar Nicholas II during the First World ...

    This led to a 300% increase in inflation. Discontent grew among the middle classes as they were forced to pay more in taxes, and also among workers as food prices quadrupled but wages only doubled. Living standards were decreasing across all strata of society.

  2. How far was the First World War the main cause of the fall of ...

    popular opinion was that she was supporting the German army, and willing Russia to win. The effect of leaving Alexandria and Rasputin in charge was the fact that, with everything else going against the Tsar, his credibility was damaged even further.

  1. Free essay

    What Were the Causes of the 1905 Revolution? Why did the Revolution Fail to ...

    The peaceful procession soon turned violent when armed guards and mounted Cossacks were sent out in a massive, yet unnecessary force. It was called "Bloody Sunday" because of the hundreds of unarmed men, women and children that were wounded and killed. The Tsar didn't even come to receive the petition.

  2. Why did the Tsarist regime collapse in 1917?

    point could also link back to our previous point of the tsar being inept), that decision was particularly bad as it not only meant that he had alienated yet another group of people, but it also meant that crucial equipment was not being produced for the war.

  1. Why did the 1905 revolution fail to overthrow the Tsarist regime?

    It has to said that if the opposition did have a clear leader and the middle classes would have collaborated the outbreaks of violence would have been more revolutionary and not just rage, thus placing more pressure on the Tsar.

  2. How important was the First World War to the collapse of the Tsarist regime?

    up the crown and make peace with Germany, though Pipes does state this would have been embarrassing for the Russian army. The Tsar according to Pipes gave up his crown to protect the front instead of calling troops back to save Petrograd.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work