• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The downfall of the Romanov Dynasty

Extracts from this document...


(a) Do you agree with the view that Tsar Nicholas II's personal inadequacies were responsible for the downfall of the Romanov dynasty in February 1917? Few can argue the fact that Nicholas didn't have a wide range of positive qualities. It is notable that he was weak, inflexible and politically na�ve. He was not really interested in politics, he found the daily work of the monarch intolerably boring and gave the great events of his reign little attention. He was a convinced believer that only autocracy could save Russia from anarchy. While his wife, Alexandra, had a stronger personality she too lacked political sense. Nicholas lacked imagination of his ancestor, yet it was exactly this imagination that was required to cope with the dramatic changes occurring within Russia. However, while his personal inadequacies are obvious, it is debatable as to whether they were fully responsible for the downfall of the Romanov Dynasty in 1917. There are several factors which lead to the spontaneous revolution in February 1917. ...read more.


The winter of 1916- 17 was severe, food shortages got worse and there was a famine in the cities. It has been argued that whether Nicholas had taken control of the army or not, only Russian success in the war would be acceptable, 'the good of her people demand this war to be waged to a victorious conclusion no matter what'. Economic discontent, closely linked with war, was another major factor contributing to the downfall of the government. The living standards of the population suffered a rapid decline after the outbreak of fighting in 1914. Rising prices destroyed the buying power of wages, and to meet the heavy costs of war the government resorted to simply printing more money ultimately leading to inflation. Russia enjoyed good harvest in 1914, 1915 and 1916 however these were not getting through to cities and towns, due to a serious breakdown in rail communications. There was also fuel shortages, not only did this affect people in their homes but also factories, which in February 1917 were forced to close or operate on short time. ...read more.


Social Revolutionaries wanted a peasant revolution, and to take all the land from the nobles. The Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks both were in favor of Communism; however the Bolsheviks wanted a proletarian revolution. Autocracy was viewed by many as simply outdated and inefficient. Peasants and workers in the towns were extremely dissatisfied, as they suffered from low wages, long hours and terrible working conditions. The poor wanted to improve their standard of living and of course blamed Nicholas for the hardship they received. In conclusion, some people viewed the war as inevitable due to the war, economic crisis and many other key factors. They believe Nicholas was not simply unfit to rule Russia, but a convinced believer that only autocracy could save Russia from anarchy, and he was clearly wrong. However, as a Tsar and ruler of the country he is responsible for what happens and will ultimately get the blame no matter what goes wrong; however he didn't help himself by making numerous crucial mistakes along the way. Overall, Nicholas II played a major role in the downfall of the Romanov Dynasty but other factors did play a part. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Was Rasputin to blame for the fall of the Romanov dynasty?

    There were many posters and postcards circulating around St. Petersburg depicting this idea. Nicholas, probably on behalf of the Tsarina (who would hear no wrong of 'our dear friend'), banned any negative talk or rumours regarding Rasputin and his behaviour.

  2. The Easter Rising of 1916

    The I.R.B. set up a Military Council, whose chief mission was to plan the rising, in secret. The Council initially was made up of just three men - Eamonn Ceannt, Padriag Pearse and Joseph Plunkett. Pearse (1879-1916) was a poet and schoolmaster, but he was also a member of the I.R.B.

  1. Assess the role of the Bolsheviks for the decline and fall of the Romanov ...

    This defeat sparked widespread displays of discontentment, rebellion and rage towards the Tsar in which had already been arising as a result of poor harvests and rising unemployment, which Tsar also remained ignorant to.

  2. How far was the First World War responsible for the downfall of the Romanovs ...

    This situation was worsened in early 1917 when fuel shortages caused more factories to stop working and bakeries closed which was an issue because a shortage of bread prompted panic as bread is a staple food item needed for survival, people became worried they would starve.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work