• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the western front was finally broken; New technology. The American entry into the war. The blockading of German ports. The German offensive in March 1918. Explain how far you agree.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question: The following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the western front was finally broken; New technology. The American entry into the war. The blockading of German ports. The German offensive in March 1918. Explain how far you agree with this statement. NEW TECHNOLOGY: At the start of the war artillery was heavily used, its accuracy wand effectiveness were poor. There were no radios at the start, so they had to operate to a pre arranged plan. In early years of the war shortages of shells was a problem. But by the end of the war things had been improved; the shell shortage had been solved by the ministry of munitions b- also the accuracy was increased - the development of the 'Creeping Barrage'. And radios were now in use - although primitive But this alone was not the single factor that broke the Germans. The biggest problems with artillery remained, the mobility of the guns. ...read more.

Middle

Also the high commander in chief, General Pershing, was very in experienced - his last major assignment was the hunting down of a Mexican bandit leader. Similarly he was too excessive with his men, be liked using large amounts of man power. He also refused to allow his troops to fight under French or British control. However the overall impact of the US army entering the war was very significant indeed. For example the economic impact; in the 1st years of the war the allies and the Germans produced roughly equal amounts of coal - 350million tonnes, steel - 58million tonnes, iron 50million tonnes. Once the Americans came in, the allies then had 841million tonnes of coal, and massively increased amounts of steel and iron. Also the US had a very big psychological impact as they now had a far larger military man power. The Germans were expecting American entry into the war. And Germany then realised that they could no longer have won the war by attrition. ...read more.

Conclusion

But the Germans never actually achieved a t full breakout and by march 31st their attack had been contained. In May there was another German attack, which again nearly succeeded. The road to Paris was open briefly, but was halted by the US troops shortly. By august 8th, the allies ordered a counter attack at Amiens, which broke the Germans, and they then fell. It wasn't a question of if the lose, but when. In the summer and autumn, Germany was pushed back, and by September the allies had reached Germanys own front line, the Hindenburg Line. By now technology had had an effect; radios and artillery were made much more effective, and aided the destruction of the Hindenburg line, also tanks were greatly improved. And by now the allied blockade was causing major shortages of food, and fuel etc. which lead to declining morale at the Front. The Germans lost 400,000 men as a result of the Spring Offensive. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. How important was the war at sea

    1,200 lives, including US citizens; the outcry was such that Germany suspended its U-boat campaign. Of the great powers in the world, only one remained outside the conflict by 1915; United States. There was little fear that the US would enter the conflict, if they did so at all, on the German side.

  2. Account for the development of stalemate on the Western Front by the end of ...

    the armies' offense, leading to the development of stalemate by the end of 1914. The training and tactics of both the Germans and the Allies were united with one main aim: offense. The understanding and importance of the offensive strategy was obtained from earlier battles such as the Franco-Prussian War,

  1. Vietnam - reasons the US lost the war.

    Johnson canceled them knowing that Ho Chi Minh would win majority of votes. Eventually this made Ho Chi Minh angry which formed the Vietcong. The Vietcong was the army supported by Ho Chi Minh to fight another war against the South who supported the United States.

  2. What Broke the Stalemate Stalemate is the word used to describe the situation on ...

    I also think that because the Ludendorff failed it created the opening that everyone had been waiting for and therefore gave the Allies more chances and choices to execute plans to win the war. The other event that I think was equally important to the ending of the war and breaking the stalemate was The Blockade of German Ports.

  1. Sclieffen Plan &There were 4 main reasons 'why the stalemate on the Western front ...

    Also they were supplying Britain and France which enabled them to carry on fighting. This broke the German spirit. The blockading of German meant that supplies for ammunition and food were very low. This meant that Germany was falling further and further behind in technology.

  2. It is debatable whether there was actually a complete breakthrough and whether the stalemate ...

    This was a massive attack and it made a big bulge in The Allies line, with some of Germany's elite (The Storm troopers) advancing as much as 50 metres in the line. * This was said to be a tactical move since the French aimed to draw the Germans in, then encircle them and attack them.

  1. Analyse the impact of the USA's entry into WWI both in influencing the eventual ...

    This was because the USA's representative, President Woodrow Wilson, was only one of the three main decision makers (collectively known as "The Big Three"); with the other two being France's Premier, George's Clemenceau and Britain's Prime Minister, David Lloyd George.

  2. There were many equally important reasons why the stalemate on the western front was ...

    Then the allied troops would be surrounded and then slaughtered by gun fire. This tactic was a great success as German almost got to France. However this is were the new tactics and weapons like the air force and tanks really helped.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work