• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Golden Years of the Weimar Republic presented a faade of success which in reality masked serious underlying weaknesses. How far do you agree with this judgement?

Extracts from this document...


‘The ‘Golden Years’ of the Weimar Republic presented a façade of success which in reality masked serious underlying weaknesses.’ How far do you agree with this judgement? (30)- The Weimar Republic, led by Gustav Stresemann was traditionally seen as the ‘Golden years’ of Germany due to its façade of success. However, in reality, these successes masked serious underlying weaknesses through the economy, politics, foreign policy and social factors. The economy served as the Republic’s greatest façade, causing many more underlying problems than successes. Arguably the biggest issue the Weimar Republic had in Germany was the hyperinflation of 1923. This hyperinflation caused: widespread poverty throughout Germany; the class status of many groups of people to be affected; unemployment and homelessness; political unrest and a loss of faith in the Weimar Government. Although Stresemann helped secure a remarkably quick recovery from this, by introducing the Rentenmark as the new currency and appointing Hjalmar Schacht and Hans Luther as the Head of Bank and Finance Minister respectively, this did not eradicate many of the issues and thoughts felt by the hyperinflation. In order for a true recovery of hyperinflation to take place, industry had to thrive. This was hugely encouraged by foreign investment (notably from America). ...read more.


This made it extremely difficult for any party to get a majority and thus coalitions had to be formed which, meant that any decision-making was near impossible. In 1924 when the SPD and the DNVP allied to pass the Dawes Plan they alienated the DDP and ZP. The DNVP were a right wing party and so would not make an allegiance with the left in usual circumstances, however, they were willing to change in order to gain some degree of power. The DDP, who hugely opposed the Treaty of Versailles and therefore the Dawes Plan, felt isolated along with the ZP; this alienation led to the collapse of the government. The Heidelberg Programme of 1926, which declared that the SPD would not work with the perceived bourgeoisie, also led to a decline in SPD influence as well as leading to the questioning of the true worth of democracy. As the largest party, the SPD’s refusal to participate caused significant tremors in the government. Despite the outward signs of success in politics, with the end of political violence, this was also a façade; it simply transferred the rife internally and made the dealing with structural issues within the Weimar Republic all but impossible. ...read more.


of 1920s Germany truly reflected and commented on the changing society. For example, Erich Maria Remarque’s All Quiet on the Western Front described the hardship and mental stress soldiers that fought in the First World War suffered. His pacifist novel sparked controversy in Germany for its frankness and stereotypical themes, indeed once the Nazis came to power it was one of the first books to be burned. However, it gives insight into the thoughts and feelings of Germans during the ‘Golden Years’ of the Weimar Republic. In addition to this, George Grosz’s Pillars of Society painting depicted the Weimar Republic in a very poor light; his depiction of the judiciary, army and politicians was in a very contemptuous manner and highlights the poor running of the government. Neue Sachlichkiet commented on and criticised society. Literature and theatre were highly politicised and could certainly influence popular opinion with regards to the political situation, which people observed around them. Overall, it is evident that the ‘Golden Years’ of the Weimar Republic were merely a façade; the economy was based on foreign loans, which could never truly be sustainable and the political structure and dynamics of the Weimar Government was internally threatened. Despite the success of foreign policy, arguably the outpour of art, culture and literature in Germany at this time undermined any successes by challenging and altering the thoughts and opinions of German people, thus, outweighing any positives with negatives. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. The main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic in the period 1919 ...

    In a situation similar to that of the Kapp putsch, right wingers led by Adolf Hitler sought to march from Bavaria on Berlin but this time the rebellion was easily stopped with the police and the army crushing the movement before it could cause any damage.

  2. Assess the reasons why the Weimar Republic faced so many problems in the 1920s

    Many of the German people seemed to convince themselves that the army were stabbed in the back by the new government; that the revolution betrayed the army by stopping the war. However, it was the Generals that decided that they were too weak to continue the war, not the Weimar Government.

  1. The main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic in the period 1919 ...

    Needless to say the Ruhr revolution failed. However, there were also signs that it wasn't just the threat from the right showing that they were the main contributors in causing a threat to the Weimar Republic, for instance the left-wing also had political violence to threaten, whether this was seen to be to the same extent however is definitely looked upon and studied further.

  2. How Serious Were The Problems Facing The Weimar Republic In The Years 1919-23?

    The government offered the working class eight hour working days, workers rights were protected, there was increased trade union power, better housing and education and finally commitment to full employment. Now the left had no influence really on the Weimar Republic and the voters.

  1. Hitlers Germany

    Every Frenchman believed that Germany had much to learn from France, and some thought both countries had a good deal to learn from each other. In the first three years of the occupation, there were gatherings of German and French youth.

  2. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    * Napoleon was so successful that in his early campaigns that by his victories he changed the pattern of war. Instead of taking land in the eighteenth-century manner from states in decline (as Poland had been partitioned by her neighbours shortly before the Revolution)

  1. The main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic in the period 1919 ...

    Attempts were made by Germany to drop the article from the final version of the treaty however there was no avail. The people of Germany blamed the government for agreeing to the war guilt clause of the treaty as they didn?t believe that Germany was responsible for the war.

  2. How far do you agree with the view that it was only in Foreign ...

    The Locarno Pact of 1925 witnessed an international security pact for Germany?s western frontiers. Germany gained much more of Locarno than it conceded and it seemed that the historic quarrel between France and Germany had finally been buried. In 1926, Germany was invited to join the League of Nation and was immediately recognised as a permanent member.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work