• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The government in China today is communist.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

-WHY DOES THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT AT THE START OF THE 21ST CENTURY REFUSE TO GIVE ITS PEOPLE DEMOCRATIC RIGHTS DESPITE ENCOURAGING PRIVATE ENTERPRISE IN INDUSTRY, COMMERCE AND AGRICULTURE AND HOW DO YOU SEE THIS SITUATION CHANGING IN THE NEXT FEW YEARS? The government in China today is communist. It refuses to give the population democratic rights for a variety of reasons based around the history of China over the last several thousand years, China between 1900 and 1949 and concerning the Communist Party itself. However the Communists encourage private enterprise because of what has happened since 1949. China's development in the future will be due to the problems they face today. The fact that China is a communist country with a capitalist economy is a paradox. Normally in a communist country the government controls all industry. This is not very successful as without competition technology does not develop. China has chosen to use a capitalist economy because of its experiences with a communist one. One reason for refusing to give democratic rights is that of the dynasties. China had been very successful for hundreds of years without democracy. In the early 20th Century the Quing family ruled China; they were the last Chinese dynasty. The Chinese were one of the most advanced civilisations in the world. They had invented gunpowder, spectacles, the magnetic compass and much more. They were also skilled at astronomy, maths, engineering and medicine. ...read more.

Middle

This project is to dam the Yangtze River. The building of this dam will produce a smooth, navigable river for trading vessels, it will prevent devastating floods damaging 400 million homes and 70% of China's rice crop every few years. It will also create an amazing 18thousand megawatts of hydro-electricity. However, there is plenty of opposition to this plan because it will flood 140 towns and thousands of villages and will involve the forced removal of millions of people. The communists argue that such an important project could not be passed in a democratic country. Government in China, although being communist, encourages a capitalist economy. One reason why it might do this is due to the failure of the Great Leap Forward. This was a plan to become one of the world's leading industrial nations and improve agriculture. This was to be done by organising people into 'communes'. Families gave up everything they owned to common ownership. The policy of 'Communes' lead to widespread starvation. Another part of the Great Leap Forward was the Backyard Steel Campaign. This was the building of over 600 thousand furnaces in villages to create steel. The Great Leap Forward failed after only a few months. Old machinery fell apart after being pushed too hard and workers fell asleep at their benches. The Backyard Steel Campaign failed; 3 million out of every 11 million tons of steel produced was too impure to use and was scrapped. ...read more.

Conclusion

In order to tackle these major and complex problems China's leaders will need to keep a reasonably tight control over the population, whilst encouraging private enterprise. All of this means that China may stay as it is currently. China may also revert back to a stricter authoritarian state. This would happen if Wen was seen by the hard liners as not solving the problems (listed above) that China faces, and increasing discontent amongst rural farmers and the unemployed, they may well take control. Wherever and whenever there is a power vacuum it is filled, as in the former USSR where the mafia now control large parts of political and economical aspects of society. When there is a change from a strictly autocratic government to a more liberal or democratic one, there is an explosion in lawlessness, as witnessed in Iraq. This would mean China becoming more hard line Communist. It can be seen that there are many and complex reasons why the Communists could justify that there is no present need for greater democracy in China. These reasons include not only their historical development during the dynastic and feudal period but also the more recent events during the 20th century, social transformation from a dynastic and feudal system through several phases of Communist and autocratic rule to very gradual opening and re-emergence of the country to the influence of world market and more liberal governmental systems. The only certainty is that of the short term future, in that it appears that Wen has no intention of creating a democratic system but will continue with a more liberal but autocratic system. Sandy Fedorec 10E ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    They simply had to accept whatever the Allies decided. * The Germans expected that the Treaty would be based upon the 14 Points. * Germany lost 10% of its territory. * The armed forces were severely cut down. * Reparations were very severe.

  2. American Culture Today.

    With a further look into each region, the piece of culture "mixed in" is evident. The West is a land filled with a "frontier spirit". With the American Indian heritage associated with the West, many other aspects of Western life play a role in American culture.

  1. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?

    His economic polices began with the promise of a revival of some of the practices of NEP. His aim was to cause output to double by the year 2000 and for production and productivity to rise substantially. It was not until 1987, however, that these ideas were put into a concrete plan.

  2. How Far Did Life Improve For Women, Landlords, Businessmen And Peasants Between 1949 And ...

    Even now, Mao's ruling hasn't come completely into effect in some remote areas. Deep-rooted opinions persisted and women were still considered lesser (in private at least) by men. Chauvinism was unavoidable and, in her autobiographic book To The Edge Of The Sky, Anhua Gao relates how her first husband beat

  1. How Stable Was the Tsarist Autocracy in 1914?

    The Revisionists believe that the peasants were united in their obvious resentment and enmity towards the gentry. Basically the peasants were not only united in the face of land shortages and economic hardships but were also politically motivated to get rid of the gentry and so would seize land just

  2. How Had The Lives Of Women, Landlords, Businessmen And Peasants Improved During The First ...

    This was a major fault in the Divorce by Mutual Consent clause of the Marriage Law. Previously women had been conditional to foot binding which was also annulled. One other law in February 1951 ordained that expectant mothers should receive full wages for 2 months after child birth.

  1. Why were the Communists able to come to power in China?

    At this stage, the Soviet regimes and their withdrawal from the war started to appear to the Chinese. Two years after the signing of the Treaty, in 1921, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was set up in Beijing and Paris, with leaders Mao Zedong and Chou Enlan.

  2. Why did Deng Xiaoping survive the crisis of communism whilst Mikhail Gorbachev did ...

    When Hu Yaobang died, 100 000 students called for the government to reassess his legacy, and engaged in a mass protest in Tiananmen Square, demanding greater transparency of the Chinese government. Communism was being challenged by the people. Xiaoping, however, had a hold on the army, and used them to deal with the protests.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work