• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

the great depression was the main reason for hitler's rise to power

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

There are many possibilities why Hitler rose to power. Many historians felt that the great depression plus the Wall Street crash were the main short term factors as to why Hitler gained power. Others argue that it was down to long term factors such as the impact and anger of the First World War (Treaty of Versailles) and the Weimar republic which helped in Hitler's rise to power. Firstly, After the Wall Street Crash of 1929, it sent financial markets into despair worldwide. The US called in its loans to Germany, and the German economy collapsed. The Number of unemployed grew; people starved on the streets. In the crisis, people wanted someone to blame, and looked to extreme solutions - Hitler offered them both, and Nazi success in the elections grew. Germans turned to Nazism because they were desperate. The number of Nazi seats in the Reichstag rose from 12 in 1928 to 230 in July 1932.The German economy was one of the worst hit as most of their loans were from the US, which were now called in as well as their exports causing their industries to ground to a halt. This caused German workers to be laid off and soon afterwards the rise of inflation. Poverty began to set, and the middle class was especially hit as their standard of living began to fall. ...read more.

Middle

Technology played a big role too with the use of loud speakers, radio and film to promote the message. They also organised mass rallies with the intention of creating an atmosphere to provoke emotion so that the members of the crows would succumb to the Nazi's. They also used a lot of scapegoats such as the November criminals, communist and Jews to take any blame for mistakes and problems; helping society with whom to blame for the depression. In addition the Nazi's also built up a series of associated organisation for young people, women and students. For example the Nazi Welfare Organisation, this ran soup kitchens and organised food donations to people in distress which exploited the great depression and how they could help them. Hitler also used his personality and characteristics to help in his rise to power. Hitler was a powerful speaker and used the countries problems as his advantage when delivering his speeches. Hitler showed how important he was to the Nazi party when the party fell after he was in prison. This helped him get superior leadership within the party, deciding on their policies and strategies. His strong willed personality with strong faith in his ideas and beliefs showed how he was a brilliant leader emphasised by how he helped the Nazi party so much when leading it. ...read more.

Conclusion

He cultivated the support of wealthy businessmen promising them that, if he came to power, he would destroy Communism and the Trade Unions. This gave him the finance to run his campaigns. In conclusion, there were numerous factors as to why Hitler had gained power which included some long term factors; the treaty of Versailles and the impact of world war one. In addition, the humiliation and anger towards to treaty and the negative impact of the war on the country highlighted how Hitler's words showed Germany that the government was a failure and that the people had been lied to as the war went on which Hitler seemed to bring to their attention. Other reasons included the weakness of the opposition after the communists failed to seize the country after the depression. People feared communism so turning to Hitler allowed him to gain more support. Despite this, from looking at the evidence we can see that the main reason Hitler gained power was due to the great depression. The great depression helped establish Hitler as a great leader through his effective speechmaking, reflecting how he and the Nazi's could help and bring about change. They also used propaganda with the help of Goebbels effectively against the depression and the Wall Street crash to alter people's opinions and decisions into favouring the Nazi's. ?? ?? ?? ?? 'The Great depression was the main reason for Hitler's rise to power'-Discuss Rhian Gohil Mr McHugh History AS ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To What Extent was fear of the Gestapo and the SS the main reason ...

    4 star(s)

    Even thought Hitler did have this power now, he didn't seem to have complete control over the state. He had definite control over the civil service, legal system and the local government.

  2. This essay will examine the rise of anti-Semitism from ancient times to the Holocaust ...

    To begin with the invasion went well, the Germans won a series of major battles and captured much territory. As they advanced deeper into Russia, special police units and the SS waged an exceptional campaign of murder against native Jews and Communists.

  1. To what extent was Hitlers rise to power due to Economic Problems?

    This would answer the question that Hitler was not responsible for his rise to power. However, this is seemingly ridiculous as no one could have foreseen the effects that putting Hitler in power would have caused and from the facts we can see clearly that it was Hitler himself who

  2. Hitlers Germany

    Overall the Nazis were weakest in big cities, such as Berlin and Leipzig, and in industrial areas and Catholic rural areas. The urban vote for the Nazis tended to come from upper-middle-class districts where it was often substantial. The Nazis were extremely weak in predominantly Catholic rural areas.

  1. Stalin's Rise To Power

    opposed to communism so therefore wanted to discredit what was happening in the Soviet Union. They aim to achieve this by focusing on the cost to human life brought about by Stalinism. The Party History approach however can be accused of putting too much emphasis on the structural forces and

  2. Mussolini and Hitler: Road to Power

    This had severe consequences for Germany's economy, and the Government resorted to printing new money. As a result prices started going up and hyperinflation set in. In 1923 Hitler decided, now was the time to try and seize power; and inspired by Mussolini's March on Rome he planned to take over Munich with the help of his storm troopers.

  1. History - Mussolini's Rise to Power

    However, despite these weak traits, the liberal government was still capable of vanquishing Fascist squads by means of the police and military. According to Mack Smith 'the government could easily have crushed the disorderly Fascist squads in the same way as in December 1920 they had already put paid to D'Annunzio's rebellion at Fiume' (6).

  2. How far do you agree that the main reason for Hitler coming to power ...

    He also reorganised the party so that the Nazis had 35 Regional party groups corresponding to the 35 Reichstag electoral districts with each district having its own regional leader. This granted local support and an easier way in which to campaign to the country as a whole.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work