• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Great Leap Forward - China between 1958 and 1962.

Extracts from this document...


The Great Leap Forward. China between 1958 and 1962. The 'Hundred flowers' campaign was followed by a new militant approach to Chinese economics. Shaoqi believed that the PLA and the military complex should be strengthened for several reasons; firstly the rejection of Mao foreign policy (Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence) in order to prepare for the invasion of Tibet and other island provinces free from mainland influence since the days of the KMT republic. Secondly the war in Korea had created a 'siege-mentality' in China (similar to USSR in the 1930s), China would be ready for invasion. Xiaoping believed that the people could be motivated and ideologically aroused. Mao supported this initial plan believing that this 'Second Five Year Plan' could work better than the first. ...read more.


The split over the direction occurred in late 1958, by then nearly 750,000 new collectivised farms had been created and agricultural output was at China's highest ever, Mao wanted to create forums to discuss problems with the 'Leap,' he also wanted greater self-sufficiency amongst the communes. Shaoqi resisted this idea believing that centralisation was the only means of ensuring success. He introduced the radical mass dormitories with over 5000 people to each one. This new housing was resisted bitterly and Mao argued that it was essential the CCP listened to the people. Zhou Enlai also voiced concerns over plans to release worker from these collectives for overly grand projects such as hydro-plants and irrigation works. Mao quickly seized upon growing disenchantment and distanced himself from the ruling committee. ...read more.


Defence minister Peng Dehuai openly attacked Maoist policies and firmly placed the blame on Mao. However, Lin Baio a noted Maoist successfully ousted Dehuai out of office and accepted the post of Defence minister. He offers Zhu De the post of C-in-C of the army, who declines. Lin Baio resigns in 1961 after China's successful total annexation of Tibet. He is alarmed at the threat to invade Taiwan and the attacks on Jinmen and Mazu. By 1961, the swing to the right was almost complete with Shaoqi in the ascendancy and his fraction most of the positions of power. However with the battle for supremacy gaining momentum by 1962 with Mao's spectacular return to power, the political landscape of China would never be the same and the CCP by 1970 would be decimated from top to bottom. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain why the Great Leap Forward failed?

    By the end of 1958, 40,000 communes were in place and almost all of the population were in them.

  2. The Great Terror in Leningrad: a Quantitative Analysis.

    [19] The smaller dataset offers some preliminary information on the female victims of the terror, and we shall return to this later. Age profile The victims of the purges, based on sample data taken from the Leningradskii Martirolog, ranged from 19 to 78 years of age.

  1. What are the complexities in 'complex emergencies'?

    military forces on a daily basis and are reliant on their cooperation for success. The administration of aid has also caused a perpetuation of conflict. During the Relief work after the Rwandan genocide, Refugee camps in Eastern Zaire were controlled by former perpetrators of the genocide.

  2. Mao Tse-tung, who began as an obscure peasant, died one of history's great revolutionary ...

    His chief luxury was a mosquito net, Mr. Snow found, and he owned only his blankets and two cotton uniforms. "Mao's food was the same as everybody's, but being a Hunanese he had the southerner's ai-la, or love of pepper," Mr. Snow wrote. "He even had pepper cooked into his bread.

  1. Why did Mao Zedong introduce a second five year plan in 1958 and to ...

    Whilst the help was appreciated it was described by Mao as 'like getting meat out of the mouth of a tiger'. The Treaty provided ten thousand engineers and planning experts to help develop China's economy, but much of the $300 million of aid was to be spread over five years

  2. To what extent may the Great Leap Forward launched by Mao in 1958 be ...

    Mao made revolutionary changes to women's lives in modern China. New sets of laws were introduced giving women the right to work, education and custody rights over their children. This was a significant improvement from the harsh days of foot binding.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work