• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Impact of the World War I on Italy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Tony Taglianetti History Mr P. Thompson The Impact of the World War I on Italy. When World War I began in August 1914, the Italian government brushed aside the Triple Alliance and declared its neutrality. In 1915, Italy had signed the secret Treaty of London. In this treaty Britain had offered Italy large sections of territory in the Adriatic Sea region - Tyrol, Dalmatia, and Istria. Such an offer was too tempting for Italy to refuse. Subsequently, after having signed the secret Treaty of London with the allied powers (Britain and France), Italy declared war on Austria and Turkey, and then declared war on Germany about a year later. By the spring of 1915 General Luigi Cadorna had 25 infantry and 4 cavalry divisions made up of Italian troops. Grouped into four armies, Cadorna only had 120 heavy or medium artillery pieces and some 700 machine guns. Despite the shortage of artillery Cadorna, along with the Italian troops, launched mass attacks on Austria-Hungary in May 1915. ...read more.

Middle

However, this money borrowed proved inadequate to cover the cost of the war so the Italian government resorted to printing money. Consequently, inflation spiralled out of control and prices quandrupled during the war years. The impact of this inflation meant that the middle classes suffered greatly as their savings had become destroyed. Landowners relying on rents and state employees whose wages did not keep up with the increasing prices also suffered. As well as this, workers, such as factory workers, soon began to see a 25 percent fall in their wages between 1915 and 1918. However, although economic distress affected the majority of the Italian nation, Industrialists, on the contrary, did rather well out of the war. Providing their production was linked to the war effort, they were assured of a market. As inflation 'spiralled out of control' industrialists simply raised their prices and a government desperate for military victory continued to purchase their products. Major industries such as Fiat and Ansaldo saw massive expansion as thus profitted well. ...read more.

Conclusion

Subsequently, the unemployed workers and peasants stirred up riots and strikes throughout the country. In the countryside there were agricultural strikes exploiting the labour shortage and peasant seizures of land. Altogether it was a disturbing display of lawlessness and violence. It is quite obvious that the Impact of World War I on Italy has been a dissapointing one. The human cost as well as the economic distress is surely a dissapointing Impact for Italy but an even worse one for Italians. It is fair to say that, as a result of WWI, Italy's nation was in a terrible state. The vunerability of Italy left her a defeated and unstable nation. It is easy to asses the terrible impact that has been placed on Italy as a result of WWI, as the nation's deterioration was clear. But, during the war years and post-war years, a new sense of unity: uknown since 1860, had developed and goverment powers increased. Furthermore, peasants paid off debts, employment of women incresed, social reform took place and a counter-surge of hysterical nationalism came about - produced mainly by the dramatic victory at Vittorio-Veneto. Against this background, the problems of post-war Italy were far more exaggerated. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Assess in general terms the economic, social and political impact of the First World ...

    In Russia a similar pattern developed. People wanted change after the bloody war that Russia effectively got nothing out of. Discontent with the Tsarist regime, Soviet workers in Petrograd demanded change. Communism was seen as the only theory that supported them and their support was given to Lenin and his party.

  2. Examine the Reasons Why Italy Entered the First World War 1915

    This victory gave Italy an incentive to join the war on the side of the Entente. However, there was a potential advantage in joining the other side. If the Triple Alliance was losing it was then possible that Austria-Hungary and Germany would now offer Italy more territory in order to

  1. Causes of WWI.

    So, they were firing over 100,000 shells a day; relentless, relentless banging and booming of this tremendous bombardment. So loud, you could hear it in England, if the wind was in the right direction (60 or 70 miles away). Over million soldiers were killed on both sides only in a single battle of Somme during 1916.

  2. Total War, Britain during the Second World War

    The effects of the Blitz The main reason for the change of heart by the government was that, despite the precautions, the effects of bombing were much more devastating than had been anticipated. This was partly because the period of the Phoney war had led people to believe that there

  1. The impact of the First World War

    The reason for Germany's part in the causes involves Germany's "blank Check" policy. Before sending its ultimatum to Serbia, Austria needed to be sure of the support of its ally, Germany. Such support was forthcoming in the form of a telegram to the Emperor Franz Joseph on 6 July 1914.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    Shortly after the massacre a startling discovery was made. The Lebanese Army units that had entered the camp discovered a large network tunnels and bunkers. During the 12 years of Arafat's control of the heavily populated camps of Sabra and Shatilla he used them for storage of massive amounts of explosives and weapons.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work