• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Korean War.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Elias Chamoun 20th century topics R5 - Richardson The Korean War Referred to by many as being "the forgotten war", the Korean War played a big role in shaping the cold war, though many people tend to disregard that. It began with the North Korean surprise attack in June 1950. The reasons for that attack are still a mystery till this day. After WW2, Korea was divided into two sections, North and South, by the 38th parallel. The Soviet Union occupied North Korea and a communist government was established under the leadership of Kim Il Sung. The United States on the other hand, occupied South Korea, and a democratic government was set up there under the leadership of Syngman Rhee. After failing to agree on the fate of Korea and the type of government that should be established, both superpowers contented with the 38th parallel and thus Korea was divided between a communist North and democratic South. ...read more.

Middle

If the Soviets were present, they would have surely vetoed the resolution, thus making any intervention in Korea under UN heading impossible. It seems that the war in Korea was for the most part caused by the North Korean invasion of the South. Though the US decision to intervene, under the heading of the United Nations, is another major cause of the Korean War. The Americans were hasty to intervene; though at the same time the Truman administration was truly committed to the UN, and sought its cooperation before any action was taken. The UN did follow the lead of the US, who was given control of the UN military forces that would drive back the North Koreans behind the 38th parallel. In less then a month after the North invaded the South, UN forces started arriving and engaging North Korean forces. The daring landing at Inchon in September 15 1950, orchestrated by General MacArthur, turned the tide of the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

They emerged as the leader in East Asia. The war had also ended the American "illusion" of the historical Chinese-American friendship. To the shock and disappointment of the Americans, the Chinese were no longer "our friends", but another communist regime that poses threat to democracy. Another effect of the Korean War was "the loss of the UN's power to be a truly neutral mediator in Korea". "The UN became a party to the war and remained identified with one side, the American one, in the conflict to the end". Finally, an effect not mentioned in the readings, though highly possible, was Soviet upset. The UN Security Council's decision to intervene militarily in Korea without consenting with the Soviet Union (due to their absence). The loss of an Asian ally (North Korea) to his foe (Mao). The interference of the Americans and their help to the imperial powers (Britain & France) in the region. All of these events and occurrences might have angered Stalin. Not to mention the growing influence of China in East Asia, the region where Stalin had hoped the USSR would be the main player. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Korean propaganda during the Second World War and the Korean War had a different ...

    The high class people frequently paid visits to the country sides and spoke to the rural, uneducated farmers. In the last few months of war, most of the Korean and Chinese populations neglected Japanese broadcasting and propaganda. Japan became desperate to scatter more Korean soldiers and manipulate them into fighting for the Japanese.

  2. A Study of Air Supremacy in the Korean War.

    to make the runway serviceable. Unfortunately, they were forced to abandon this airfield when the Chinese entered into the war. It became apparent however, that PSP was the method by which air bases could be set up. When the line of battle stabilized FEAF concentrated on improving and building new runways using the PSP method.

  1. North Korea and South Korea after the Korean war.

    Therefore in 1993 the United States directly spoke with the DPRK about the situation by sending Jimmy Carter.16 Former President Carter helped resolve the issue by making a "good will" visit to Pyongyang. Surprising many, Kim Il Sung agreed to work with the US and the ROC to come to a solution on this issue.

  2. The Korean war and the conflict between North and South.

    themselves and there was no telling when Japan would surrender, so the Unites States kept pressing the Soviet Union to enter the war. A meeting in 1945, between the US, Great Britain and the Soviet Union was held in Potsdam to urge Stalin to enter the war in the Pacific.

  1. Armed forces.

    The first test of this theory was the American War of Independence. French and Spanish involvement in supplying and maintaining the insurrection. Combine this with Royal Naval ships and sailors fighting on the side of the colonists and the British could see that they were not as invincible as they would have liked to have believed.

  2. Chinese Foreign Policy & National Security - Engaging China: Seoul-Beijing Détente and Korean Security

    enemies and opposed combatants in the Korean War, to being potential economic partners (but still strategic adversaries), and fully normalized diplomatic relations in 1992. Three key drivers propelled the change in the relationship: (1) the transformation of strategic environment concomitant to the end of Cold War, which established the baseline for post-war interaction.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work