• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Korean War and Superpower relations

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Korean War started on 25 June 1950 when North Korea forces crossed the 38th parallel and invaded South Korea, which was considered and unprovoked aggression by the North Korea. The conflict between North Korea leader Kim Il Sung and South Korean leader Syngman Ree started out as one without any connections to the Cold War, until interference of USA and USSR. The Korean War in itself was significant as it marked the first time the Cold War was extended outside Europe to Asia. Moreover, the Korean War saw the emergence of several watershed events in the wider Cold War context, such as the entry of new parties in the Cold War conflict, an intensification of the policy of containment as well as development of the Cold War into an increasingly globalized conflict and the change in nature of the Cold War. The Korean War was significant in intensifying American misunderstanding of Soviet political and strategic aims which led to increasing tensions between the two Super Powers. Truman's conviction was that the USSR was expansionistic and aggressive, and they were not going to stop until they had world dominance. Stalin was seen as the main instigator of the attack and Kim Il Sung was thought to be Stalin's puppet while China was seen to be a monolithic community bloc together with the USSR. ...read more.

Middle

The strong reaction of US through militarization and the usage of military means by General MacArthur in Korean War also involved US in a 'hot' war, which was dangerous because if the USSR were to respond to US actions, the Cold War would be escalated to a 'Hot' War hence the Korean War was significant in the Cold War context. The Korean War was significant in resulting in the emergence of several watershed events like the globalization of the Cold War where there were entries of new parties into the conflict and also the spreading of the conflict of Cold War into Asia. The Korean War started out as a localized conflict in between North Korea (NK) and South Korea (SK). It became part of the Cold War conflict after US interference because the US had assumed USSR was behind the spark of conflict between NK and SK. During US's attempts to defend SK against NK, MacArthur had led the US troops across the 38th parallel and thereby coming close to the Chinese border. The presence of US troops on the Chinese border was a threat to China's national security and Mao feared that the success of US's efforts in fighting NK will encourage China's political opponents such as Chiang Kai Shek to attempt a counter revolution and attack China Mainland with the support of US armed forces. ...read more.

Conclusion

But due to opposition from the French, West Germany could only join the European Army and NATO. Later on, US recognized West Germany as a full sovereign state and abolished all remaining occupation control. The rearmament of West Germany and membership in NATO represented a major defeat for Soviet policies towards Germany. The combination of US economic strength and technology with German manpower and military prowess was a strategic 'nightmare' for the Soviets, it was a major threat to their national security and the Soviets were worried about the consequences of a rearmed Germany. Hence USSR cemented its relationship with its Eastern European allies and formed the Warsaw pact, a mutual defense treaty between 8 communist countries in 1955. Hence the Korean War was significant in the addition of the military bloc between the Super Powers in the Cold War context, through the rearmament of West Germany, and hence contributed to an increase in tension between the 2 Super Powers. In conclusion, the Korean War was significant in the Cold War context as it saw the intensification of the Cold War and the addition of new participants in the conflict, together with a geographical scope to the Cold War. The Korean War eventually resulted in the increase in tensions and misunderstanding between the 2 Super Powers hence intensifying the Cold War. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    Why did the Cuban Missiles Crisis end like this? * Kennedy realised that he had to make a stand. * Khrushchev realised that he had gone too far. * Neither of them was prepared for nuclear war. * The crisis focused the minds of the leaders of the Superpowers on their responsibilities.

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Inevitably, bureaucratic tangles delayed shipment of necessary supplies. Furthermore, German submarine assaults sank thousands of tons of weaponry. In just one month in 1942, twenty-three of thirty-seven merchant vessels on their way to the Soviet Union were destroyed, forcing a cancellation of shipments to Murmansk.

  1. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    as those in the West since the USSR didn't have the resources to provide financial aid to the countries of Eastern Europe. Stalin saw the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan as part of an America plan for world domination.

  2. Korean propaganda during the Second World War and the Korean War had a different ...

    Many of the higher class people, with professions such as teaching, banking, and writing, were "mis-lead" or "brainwashed" into spreading this propaganda to the uneducated farmers, and also within their communities. They were bribed with money, and treated as an elite with respect from the Japanese.

  1. North Korea and South Korea after the Korean war.

    However, despite the setbacks, the North and South are closer than ever. Of course the two governments have not unified at all, but economic reunification has started and building. Some projects include tourism development in Mt. Geumgang, linkage of railroads and roadways across the DMZ, and a joint North-South industrial

  2. Free essay

    The Korean War represented total defeat for the Truman Doctrine? H. Brogan. How far ...

    The military tactic of just dropping bombs all over the place was what led to 215000 North Korean's dying, coupled with actual fighting in the field. Here, Brogan is correct, as this did represent failure to protect ANY "free peoples".

  1. Was the Korean War a Product of the Cold War tensions?

    Since 1905 Korea had been ruled by Japan and in 1949 after the defeat of WW2 Japan stepped down as ruler which left a power vacuum in Korea10, this was soon stepped in by America and Russia. This meant from 1905 Korea had been occupied by other countries and not purely by itself.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    It addressed grievances though without undermining the confessional foundations of a political system. One such grievance was Lebanon's Arabism. The document proclaimed Lebanon's Arabism but stated that Lebanon is a sovereign, free and independent country. Of the seventeen points stated in the Constitutional Document, five dealt with Muslim grievances.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work