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The Korean war and the conflict between North and South.

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Introduction

May 1945 the end of the second world war brought a new era of peace in the world. The United States and the Soviet Union emerged from the ashes as the world's new superpowers. It was up to these new superpowers to make up the new post-war world order. The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during the war, but that quickly ended and a new era of mistrust began between these two different ideological superpowers. The United States and the Soviet Union were vieing for influence in Europe as Europe partitioned between the victors of world war two. Both the United States and Russia were seeking as much control of territories around the world as they could. The Soviet Union who suffered the most in world war two (lost 20 million people) was seeking compensation and control of as many countries in eastern Europe as possible. But, Europe wasn't the only place where these superpowers were trying to gain influence, after the partitioning of Europe these two superpowers began concentrating there influence in Asia and mostly Korea. As Hitler and his army was being defeated on all fronts in Europe, the war in the Pacific was still raging. ...read more.

Middle

The South and it's military government were facing huge problems. The United States were finally looking for a way out in South Korea. South Korea beame crowded from many Koreans coming back from exile and also the many North Koreans crossing the border escaping the social reforms the social reforms in the North. Doctors, engineers, clergymen etc., came across the border and Kim-Il-Sung didn't stop this because he knew they were the sort of people that could be become a problem in the future against his regime. There was also serios food shortage, which led to strikes and riots in 1946 demanding increase in food rationing. The US military government in an attempt to restore order made another huge mistake, leading to more South Koreans joining the leftists in Korea, this was the reapointment of Japanese police officers to keep the peace. The Japanese were much hated in Korea because of the colonial treatment they received from Japan, this led to more violence and mistrust towards the police. The conflict between the left and right in Korea divided North and South Korea and influenced all of society. On, March, 1, 1947 clashes between the right and the left came to a boiling point in South Korea.9 It must be pointed out that the cold war between the United States and the ...read more.

Conclusion

Il-Sung was preparing for an attack. The skirmishes on the 38th parralel became increasingly tense in the summer of 1950. The North Koreans finally invaded the South on June,25th 1950 at the early hours of the morning. They picked this day because they knew that roughly 1/3 of the troops stationed along the parralel were on leave. More than 100,000 North Korean's invaded that day and teo days later Seoul, the capital city of South Korea, had been captured triggering the outbreak of the Korean war. The Korean war and the conflict between North and South is probably the best example in history of the impact the "Cold war" and the ideologies between the United States and the Soviet Union. The impact these two superpowers had on Korea is still seen today, even though the "cold war" has ended between the Soviet Union and US, there still is a "cold war" going on in Korea. 1The History of Korea : pg 205 2 www.historychannel.com/korea/causes.html 3 Oh, Korea under........., pg:13 4 www.ibiblio.org.... 5 Oh, Korea under..........,pg:13 6 Sandler, The Korean...., pg: 26 7 Lowe, The origins......., pg:22 8 www.mtholyoke.com.... 9 http://uk.geocities.com/tafk2/sneeze/korean_war.htm 10 www.historychannel.com/korean/causes.html 11 www.geocities.com/armvideo2002/.... 12 http://uk.geocities.com/tafk2/sneeze/korean_war.htm 13 http://uk.geocities.com/tafk2/sneeze/korean_war.htm 14 Sandler, The korean..., pg: 38 ...read more.

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