• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The league of nations - How successful was The League in the 1920's?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Successful Was The League In The 1920's? To determine whether the League of Nations was a success we need to know what it aimed to achieve and to what extent were they achieved. Their main aims were: -To discourage aggression between nations -To improve living and working conditions -To encourage nations to disarm -To encourage countries to cooperate, especially in business and trade The first main aim of the L.O.N was to discourage aggression between countries or to preserve peace. In 1920, both Sweden and Finland wanted control of the Aaland Islands, which were midway between the two countries. Both countries were threatening to fight for them. They appealed to the League. After studying the matter closely the League decided that the islands should go to Finland. Sweden accepted the L.O.N ruling and war was avoided. The L.O.N was successful in sorting out small border disputes like Finland and Sweden because they had powerful leaders in with large armies leading the League so a small and less powerful country would not consider retaliating. They also could enforce economic sanctions, which for a small country could have devastating effects on their economy. However not all disputes were ended peacefully. The League Of Nations was much better at sorting out small border disputes than compared with larger, more powerful countries. In 1923, the L.O.N failed to avert war between Greece and Italy. ...read more.

Middle

The only major power missing was the Soviet Union. The Kellog-Briand Pact was agreed in 1928 and signed by 65 nations. Its terms were: - The parties should condemn war only as a means of solving international disputes and reject it as an instrument of policy - The settlement or solution of all disputes shall only be sought by peaceful means. There were a few problems with the Kellog-Briand Pact and the Locarno agreements. In the Kellog-Briand Pact, there was nothing to say what would happen if a state broke the terms in the Kellog-Briand Pact nor did it help the L.O.N with disarmament. The states all agreed that they would keep their armies for 'self defence' The Locarno agreements raised a problem with Poland and Czechoslovakia. They felt that if Germany had agreed to accept her borders in the west then she could change the borders in the east. The L.O.N was set up immediately after the war so many countries still felt unprotected and raw from the effects of the war. Many countries, even those who were members of the League were more concerned with their own affairs than with international ones. This was because many countries were still rebuilding their economies and repairing damage. Also many countries wanted to be armed to defend themselves if another war should occur. The Locarno Treaties and the Kellog-Briand Pact offered an easy way out of disarmament and seemed to solve its problems. ...read more.

Conclusion

With more money available, they were able to rebuild the industry and increase employment. This increased international trade and therefore led to an increase in profit. Europe was then able to pay the money back to America. Rebuilding trading relationships between countries relived the tension and when countries were trading with each other they were less likely to go to war. In conclusion, the League Of Nations was both a success and a failure. The League was limited in what it could do to avert war. They could use economic sanctions, moral condemnation and fines. Imposing economic sanctions and fines on a smaller country would have a greater effect because they hadn't the resources to resist them or cope with them but on a larger country such as Italy, these would have needed military support to back them up. The League did not have its own army and so would have had to rely on member's armies to provide this military back up. It would have been very unlikely that any nation would be willing give their army to fight. The League was a definite success in its second aim, to improve living and working conditions. It almost eradicated some major diseases and gave valuable advice to countries on health issues. It made some great successes in abolishing slavery and the illegal drug trade and helped many people to return to their countries. They achieved this because it was in the interests of all of Europe to rebuild and repair their countries and it did not create any threat or problems. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    Afghanistan did not seem worth fighting and dying for. Their opponents, on the other hand, believed that they were fighting for their religion. What effects did the Afghan War have on the Soviet Union? * There was increasing opposition to the war from many people inside the Soviet Union as casualties mounted.

  2. How Successful Was the League in The 1920's and 1930's? The League of ...

    force or war is happening, except maybe a cold war, but soon the country under siege will crack and surrender to the League with no force used. If that failed, the last step in their policy would need to be carried out.

  1. To what extent were germany to blame for the outbreak of ww1

    What's more important in my opinion is that when Russia mobilized its huge army, Germany had fear of being crushed. The Kaiser then issued an ultimatum to Russia and the following day there was a declaration of war. I can see why many historians would see countries such as Austria

  2. How Successful was the League in the 1920's?

    Even if a country was in need. Thirdly on the League's agender, was to maintain the independnce of member countries.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    Around this time the liaison officer also told various people that about 300 persons had been killed by the Lebanese Forces among them civilians, but shortly after, he amended his report by reducing the number of casualties from 300 to 120.

  2. How far do you agree that support for the League of Nations was the ...

    Thus public opinion had a large sway over government policy which is another reason why Britain made so few commitments in order to avoid any future wars. The League of Nations was a government means of accommodating different interests. The League represented the extension of liberal values to the practise of international relations.

  1. Free essay

    Do you consider military intervention in Africa as successful? Focus on the policies in ...

    The success of Ethiopia and Entrea was due to it being inter-state and an easy case of traditional peacekeeping, which the UN military interventions are very much capable of. However, the majority of conflicts within Africa and therefore majority of peacekeeping missions are that of an intra-state nature which are much harder to contain and resolve.

  2. United Nations: The Wounded Dove

    The Security Council has the ability to recommend a blockade or other financial impositions and can call for military force to take action by the UN (The UN - HLS). Therefore the Security Council is where all the major decisions are made.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work