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The Liberty Bell

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Kimberly Cuthbert-Holmes June 2, 2008 St. Thomas Aquinas Mrs. Kral Social Studies - The Liberty Bell The Liberty Bell is located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is a symbol of the American Revolutionary War. The bell has served as one of the most prominent symbols of America. Throughout out the world it is known as a sign of liberty and justice. In 1754, the bell was ordered by the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly to be used in the Pennsylvania State House, which today is known as Independence Hall in Philadelphia. The Whitechapel Bell Foundry located in London, United Kingdom cast the bell. It came over on the ship Hibernia. The following year, the bell was hung temporary in the square outside of the State House. After being rung a few times, the bell cracked. Once the bell cracked, a replacement from Whitechapel was ordered. John Dock Pass and John Stow, both of Philadelphia, built the new bell. ...read more.


The following day, the State House bell was transferred to the wagon of Frederick Leaser and taken to the historic Zion's Reformed Church in Allentown, where it was stored, under the floorboards. On September 26, British forces marched into Philadelphia, unopposed, and occupied the city. The bell was restored to Philadelphia in June of 1778, after the end of the British occupation. During the 19th century, the bell tolled at the death of Alexander Hamilton (1804), Lafayette's return to Philadelphia (1824), the deaths of Adams and Jefferson (1826), Washington's 100th birthday celebration (1832) and the deaths of Lafayette (1834), John Marshall (1835), and William Henry Harrison (1841). On February 22, 1846, the bell was tolled for several hours in the tower of Independence Hall in honor of George Washington's birthday. When the bell was rung, the crack grew from the top of the repaired crack to the crown of the bell, rendering the bell unusable. ...read more.


After the initial planning, the building's site was found to be adjacent to the quarters for the slaves owned by Washington. The decision over how to acknowledge this fact in the display has led to some debate. As of 2006, the bell remains in this location at the northeast corner of sixth and Chestnut Streets. The new National Constitution Center is located two blocks to the north, and Independence Hall is located directly across the street, on the south side of Chestnut Street between 5th and 6th Streets. The Bell's former pavilion at the southwest corner of fifth and Market Streets was up for purchase after the move in an effort to reduce demolition costs, but after the auction drew little response, it was converted into a security station that screens tourists traveling in and around Independence Mall. The pavilion was removed from the site in March 2006. The Liberty Bell Center, with its storied bell, and the nearby Independence Hall, are part of Independence National Historical Park, administered by the National Park Service. ...read more.

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