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'The Long March was a retreat' what evidence is there to support or contradict this interpretation?

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Introduction

Question 5 'The Long March was a retreat' what evidence is there to support or contradict this interpretation? '...a Great Retreat...' retreat in a military sense is generally defined as "a forced withdrawal of troops from an enemy or from an advanced position" this term could be applied to the Long March, but also an alternative view on the Long March could be '...a Great success...' 'All we knew was that we were getting out of the base, we were surrounded...' this quote from Source B supports the concept of a retreat it implies that they intended to get away from the GMD for survival as they were '... being choked , a million men against us, tanks...'. From the attribution we know that the sources origin is from a CCP Veteran, consequently this may cause his recollection of the Long March to be slightly distorted and inaccurate or important elements may be left out, furthermore as a CCP member exaggerations may be made towards the CCP. ...read more.

Middle

Source B also describes the CCP's movements as '...a slow moving caravan...' this quote is describing the slow journey the Red Army were on yet, this could be observed as the seeding machine, wherever the CCP went their ideas had influenced people and this now could be seen as victory as they slowly gained power in a Long term perspective. If the Long March was viewed overall in a long term viewpoint the outcome and result is victorious for the CCP. Source C can also illustrate this. The attribution states that the source was produced in 'Taiwan 1971'; however, the Red Army successfully completed the Long March in 1949 and Communism took rule of China this led to the GMD to flee to Taiwan, so really the CCP had been successful and had pushed the GMD out of China. Source C can dispute and support the statement that the Long March was a retreat. Source G Mao describes the Long March as '...victory for us and defeat for the enemy...' ...read more.

Conclusion

no longer were the Red Army 'sitting ducks' as Mao changed their straight westwards route, the change of leader could be distinguished as a turning point for the Long March. From a short term perspective the Long march began as a retreat to keep the Red Army alive but from a long term perspective the Long March was successful, as the majority of survivors then became the Leaders of China, this makes the Long March exceedingly significant as 'the lessons they learnt' on the Long March greatly influenced and shaped China to the country it is today. '....Long Live the Chinese Communist Party...' this extract is indeed true as up to now as Communism is still going on; Article 2 'All power belongs to the people' - Mao's idea is still alive even amongst the invasion of Japan and World War 2 and the quote also displays that the seed was sown very deeply during the Long March for Communism to still be alive and therefore completely contradicts the statement that the Long March was a retreat but in fact a Victory. ...read more.

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