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The Long Term Causes of the Cold War

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Introduction

The Long Term Causes of the Cold War History of the Cold War: The Cold war really officially began after World War Two, where relations between the USA and USSR deteriorated. This seems very odd considering that the USA and USSR allied against Germany in World War Two, surely allies in war wouldn't have such bad relations so close after victory. From 1945 until the collapse of communism in Russia in 1991 there was much tension between the two powers. It is called the cold war due to their being no direct conflict between the two powers but it came very close and there were many conflicts between countries relating to the two powers. The major attacks were through mediums such as propaganda, non co-operation and economic measures. The defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945 had left a power vacuum in Europe. Both USA and USSR tried to fill this gap, allowing the following events to occur: Hot points of the Cold War: * 1948 - Berlin Blockade, Blocking Allied West Berlin from West Germany. ...read more.

Middle

The current government of Bolsheviks were politically left wing, opposite to the West valuing equality overall. Many followers of communism saw what western ideas had done to countries. They saw through unfair economics there had been class division, creating a class system that separated rich from poor, capitalism. They didn't like the idea of privately owned businesses with poorly paid workers. Communists believed of nationalisation where the government owned all industry meaning profits would go back to the people. That is a major reason why; in the west business and industry owners were so wary of communism. Political Differences: The USA was a democratic state that built its country on democracy and freedom. The political system was very well valued in America as it upheld important freedoms that the Americans valued greatly, these being: * Freedom to Vote * Freedom of Speech * Freedom of Worship * A free press * A choice of government These freedoms were not at all present in communist Russia. This was because, to the communists political parties were the results of different classes, and in a class free equal country there would be therefore no need to have other parties. ...read more.

Conclusion

* France lost substantially through lack of Russian investor pressuring the economy. * Britain had personal reason as well, as Tsar Nicholas II, the previous leader, was a cousin of the current King, George V. These reasons prevented a united front of the three powers against Hitler. Their mutual mistrust and hostility prevent an early removal of Hitler plans of German expansion. Hitler: In reference to Hitler's demands the powers took a different stance. Britain and France offered polices of appeasement involving negotiation and accommodation of Hitler's plans. The Soviets however saw this appeasement as a threat, their enemies were dealing with an even more serious threat as Hitler's fascism was even more opposed to communism. But the Soviets themselves accommodated Hitler through self-preservation they signed the Nazi-Soviet pact of 1939. This really angered the west as it condemned the west into a single front war, whereas German forces had been defeated by multi front war only years before. Also this meant that communism was spreading, as part of the pact meant the USSR gained parts of Poland. Through both sides dealing with Hitler they became even more wary of one another. The different polices adopted by the two powers confirmed the distrust. ...read more.

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