• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The main issues which threatened european peace and stability between 1890 - 1914.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Main Issues Which Threatened European Peace And Stability Between 1890 - 1914 Some of the main issues, which threatened the European peace and stability, are, Militarism, the effects of the European alliance system, imperialism, and one of the short-term causes was nationalism. Militarism can be defined as all the armed forces - army, navy and air force - and their excessive influence on politics. And according to A. J. P. Taylor, it is clear that the European great powers had offensive military plans. There is much evidence to support the hypothesis that in 1914 Germany launched a preventive war- an offensive military plan to prevent others from attacking you. And it is said that the planning of a preventive war, is likely making the outbreak of war. ...read more.

Middle

Sidney Fay, an American History professor states that all the major European countries were responsible for the outbreak of war in 1914. And he puts the alliance system at the top of his list of causes. President Wilson pointed out that pre-war alliances with their secret clauses had provoked fear and mistrust among the countries against whom they were aimed and eventually led to war. But Historian A.J.P. Taylor did not see the alliance system as the cause of war. And according to him the cause of war was the breakdown of the balance of power. After considering the above-mentioned facts, it can be stated that the effects of the alliance systems influenced the outbreak of war in 1914. Imperialism, which can be interpreted to mean formal annexation and political rule, also had its effects towards the outbreak of war in 1914. ...read more.

Conclusion

And they were all waiting for a chance to gain control. They got the chance in 1908 when a group known as the 'Young Turks' caused chaos in Turkey. Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary took over Serbs and made an enemy of Serbia. The Balkan countries formed the Balkan League and attacked Turkey. But very soon the four kings of the Balkan league made wars on each other. To make matters worse the Sarajevo murders led to another war in the Balkans. And that war led to final showdown in 1914. Therefore we see that nationalism in the Balkans was a direct link to the outbreak of war in 1914. In conclusion, it can be stated that militarism, the effects of the alliance systems, imperialism and nationalism were some of the main issues which threatened the European peace and stability between 1890 - 1914. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    The missile sites would be destroyed if the USA guaranteed to leave Cuba alone. * Kennedy agreed to Khrushchev's offer. The blockade was removed, the sites were destroyed and Cuba was left alone. * In a secret meeting between Robert Kennedy and the Soviet ambassador, the US government agreed that US missiles would be removed from Italy and Turkey.

  2. Rationality, Educated Opinion and Peace

    Angell's Nobel Lecture, "Peace and the Public Mind", adopts the same position, except that he argues public opinion, being misinformed and "disastrously erroneous" can lead to war. 14 Interestingly both Angell and Carr argue that public opinion is easily manipulated.

  1. American History.

    *1770: The Boston Massacre* - On the same day Lord North [the new prime minister] proposed repealing the Townshend duties, the rather misnamed Boston Massacre occurred in which five civilians were killed. The source of the problem was the decision to base the Board of Customs Commissioners in Boston.

  2. How Stable Was the Tsarist Autocracy in 1914?

    Dismantling the commune would in itself be a major barrier to agricultural improvement, and "for the vast majority, the option of leaving the commune held little attraction and resistance to Stolypin was fierce." (Acton) Few left it and few new useful ideas came out of those who had.

  1. Disadvantages of Capitalism.

    outweigh the advantages but they are the basis of most economic systems in the world. In the United Kingdom both theories have been used, Capitalism was about at the time of the Industrial Revolution as explained earlier, and aspects of Socialism could be seen at the time of the second world war.

  2. British Imperialism in India.

    Britain ruled over India indirectly through the East India Company for about 100 years so it became a British territory. (Johnson) THE SEPOY REBELLION The people in India had started to resent the British ruling over them. The Indian people were starting to go hungry and poor because of all

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work