• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The main issues which threatened european peace and stability between 1890 - 1914.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Main Issues Which Threatened European Peace And Stability Between 1890 - 1914 Some of the main issues, which threatened the European peace and stability, are, Militarism, the effects of the European alliance system, imperialism, and one of the short-term causes was nationalism. Militarism can be defined as all the armed forces - army, navy and air force - and their excessive influence on politics. And according to A. J. P. Taylor, it is clear that the European great powers had offensive military plans. There is much evidence to support the hypothesis that in 1914 Germany launched a preventive war- an offensive military plan to prevent others from attacking you. And it is said that the planning of a preventive war, is likely making the outbreak of war. ...read more.

Middle

Sidney Fay, an American History professor states that all the major European countries were responsible for the outbreak of war in 1914. And he puts the alliance system at the top of his list of causes. President Wilson pointed out that pre-war alliances with their secret clauses had provoked fear and mistrust among the countries against whom they were aimed and eventually led to war. But Historian A.J.P. Taylor did not see the alliance system as the cause of war. And according to him the cause of war was the breakdown of the balance of power. After considering the above-mentioned facts, it can be stated that the effects of the alliance systems influenced the outbreak of war in 1914. Imperialism, which can be interpreted to mean formal annexation and political rule, also had its effects towards the outbreak of war in 1914. ...read more.

Conclusion

And they were all waiting for a chance to gain control. They got the chance in 1908 when a group known as the 'Young Turks' caused chaos in Turkey. Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary took over Serbs and made an enemy of Serbia. The Balkan countries formed the Balkan League and attacked Turkey. But very soon the four kings of the Balkan league made wars on each other. To make matters worse the Sarajevo murders led to another war in the Balkans. And that war led to final showdown in 1914. Therefore we see that nationalism in the Balkans was a direct link to the outbreak of war in 1914. In conclusion, it can be stated that militarism, the effects of the alliance systems, imperialism and nationalism were some of the main issues which threatened the European peace and stability between 1890 - 1914. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    Slovakia was also to be given some self-rule. * July 1968 Dubcek was summoned to attend conferences in Warsaw and Moscow, but refused to go. The whole Soviet Politburo then visited Prague to try to persuade Dubcek to reverse the reforms.

  2. American History.

    It destroyed Indian resistance [Tecumseh died], leading to American? expansion to the South and West [but not into Canada]. It exposed American militarily weakness and made clear the importance of? better transportation systems, which then made improving those two items nat'l priorities.

  1. How Stable Was the Tsarist Autocracy in 1914?

    Economic transformation was also taking place in the towns. Liberals say that industrialisation would take time, and as the economy grew then conditions would improve. They say this is typical of early modernisation and after a certain period of time wages and conditions would ameliorate.

  2. Disadvantages of Capitalism.

    The Japanese immigrants came to live in Western America after migrating from their land to Hawaii from the 1880's to the 1900's. The Japanese people had also been recruited as laborers. The third phase of immigration to the United States began with the Mexican people from the 1910's to the 1990's, due to labor shortages from Europe and Asia.

  1. Vietnam peace movement

    This was unpopular and the harvests were poor. All talented and professional people fled abroad. In 1978 Vietnam entered into a war with Cambodia, then China. The economy grew worst and people followed the talented abroad, in anything they could find that floated.

  2. Rationality, Educated Opinion and Peace

    strongly about, using the case of the public rejection of the Hoare-Laval plan to build his case. He states that, "No nation, and least of all a democracy, can wage war unless it has the support of an overwhelming majority of its people"13.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work