• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Media in the Gulf War.

Extracts from this document...


Mike Magnusson Dr. Sarah Young Composition 11 October 2002 The Media in the Gulf War One of the biggest news stories in the early nineteen-nineties was the Persian Gulf War. This war between the United States and Iraq was quickly picked up by the media and reporters were sent to the battle scene in mass numbers. As the U.S. was raging war, the media agencies were picking up every scrap of news and reporting it. Live action was being presented on television and the newspapers were filled of war updates in every section. The government was getting angry at some of the things and tried in many cases to control the information that the press received. The media coverage of the Gulf War was both harmful and helpful to the United States. The Persian Gulf War all began when the oil rich nation of Iraq was attacking towns and cities of Kuwait. Kuwait was a small country neighboring Iraq that was also resource rich. "Media hype climaxed in an 'inevitable' momentum on January 15. Minutes before Bush's deadline to Iraq passed, an American TV news anchor said that if an attack didn't follow soon, 'there may be a certain sense of letdown.'" ...read more.


(Winter, 30) Air to surface combat was being used extensively for the first time. The U.S. was also using new technology and weapons that have not been tested in war before. Mistakes always occurred and these mistakes hit the airwaves fast. The news stations would often show live shots of destroyed cities. They would claim that a missed bombing attempt killed innocent civilians. "But while media and public remained riveted to technical displays of the laser-guided wizardry of the Cruise and Patriot missiles, US officials admitted that only 60 per cent of the laser-guided bombs hit their target, so 2 out of 5 missed, 'sometimes by thousands of feet.'" (Winter 31) This would fuel war protestors and create more havoc for the government. Smart-bombs that have gone "dumb," were the headlines of many major papers. Any mistake that was being made was shown to millions of people. Because of this the government had two wars to fight: the war on Iraq, and the war on the media. Rumors were being spread that Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi leader, was watching CNN for updates of the American strikes. ...read more.


The media would show all the cruelty of war and it would upset its viewers. The people of the U.S. began to protest that this was not their war to fight. The government got stuck in a hole and could not dig out. This almost occurred with the Gulf War. This time the pentagon learned from its mistakes and began censoring some of the coverage. Luckily, the people of America did the opposite as Vietnam and supported the fight. The media is a sly unpredictable force. You never know how one may report the news and from what view they are reporting. Over time the press has become more and more influential in American life. During the Persian Gulf War the media showed many sides. From positive propaganda to the pessimistic analysis, the news companies reported a wide range of stories throughout the war. The government and media keep each other in check, without one the other would dominate the country. So is the media a friend or foe? That question really depends on the stance of the readers or listeners. The audience is the deciding factor in whether the media is harmful or helpful. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    On December 24, 1990, Omar Karami was appointed Lebanon's Prime Minister. General Aoun remained in the French embassy until August 27, 1991 when a "special pardon" was issued, allowing him to leave Lebanon safely and take up residence in exile in France.

  2. Dr. W.E.B. Dubois

    Dubois had been influential in the struggle for black independence not only in America, but in Africa as well. The communist paranoia of the 1950's would stifle anticolonialism in the United States. In her book, Cheer The Lonesome Traveler, Leslie A.

  1. History of the United States

    During the presidency of Andrew JACKSON (1829-37), a sharp bipolarization occurred again in the nation's politics. Of Scots-Irish descent, Jackson hated the English, and he was, in turn, as thoroughly disliked by New Englanders, who thought him violent and barbaric.

  2. US President George Bush labelled Iran and Iraq as part of an "axis of ...

    Recent remarks by Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei, that Israel is a "cancerous tumour" and should be wiped off the face of the earth places Israel in a very dangerous situation. Such weapons would be able to deliver both nuclear or chemical weapon payloads.

  1. Why did Iraq invade Kuwait?

    bases in the United States, and airlift transports carried US Army airborne troopers to Saudi Arabia. Navy propositioning ships rushed equipment and supplies for an entire marine brigade from Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean to the gulf. During the next six months the United States and its allies built up a powerful force in the Arabian peninsula.

  2. Was the gulf war a just war?

    "Should the Un have invaded Iraq"? The argument for this is that Saddam Hussein did not respect Kuwait's territory- Iraq forces used aggression against a small and defenseless country. Military attacks were the only successful way to ensure that Iraqi's were removed from Iraq. If Saddam Hussein had not been stopped he could have been further encouraged to act aggressively around the world.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work