• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The most important effects of the First World War on Italy between 1915 and 1918 were political. How far would you agree with this statement?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ?The most important effects of the First World War on Italy between 1915 and 1918 were political.? How far would you agree with this statement? [22] It is undeniable that Italy suffered greatly as a result of the First World War in several aspects; this relatively new and unstable country was unprepared for the true nature of war. Many would argue the failures were down to the leadership of the liberal government, and I agree with this statement. In examining why the political effects were the most important, a good place to start would be looking at the effects in question. The wartime government was weak, divided and failed to rally national enthusiasm for the war. This was partly because the majority in the Chamber of Deputies had been against Italian intervention in the war and this division lasted the whole course of the war. Additionally, the Catholics and Socialists did not participate in government ? the Socialist party advocated ?neither support nor sabotage.? Disgruntled workers flocked to the Socialist Party which advocated revolution and the overthrow of the liberal state. ...read more.

Middle

Nonetheless, the Italian economy temporarily befitted from the war. There was a major expansion of industries such as metallurgy, engineering, shipbuilding and vehicles and companies such as Fiat received cheap loans to re-equip factories. As a result Fiat grew fivefold. This was coupled with a short term boom in employment. However, this only benefitted those in the industrial north. The poverty gap between the industrial north and the poor south widened. The short-term boom was not long lasting. Industry had become too dependent on the war and faced problems in 1919 when the war ended. 2 million were left unemployed in 1919 - to the soldiers this seemed a poor reward for their sacrifice The Italians ended the war with more artillery than the British Army and built over 6500 aircraft in 1918 alone. This overproduction was a result of poor planning and only jeopardised the economic situation further. All these economic effects are direct results of the incompetence of the liberal government, further proving that the political effects were the most important. Furthermore, we must also consider the inevitable social effects the war would have. ...read more.

Conclusion

Under him facilities improved and discipline was less arbitrary. 5 million men were conscripted, many of whom were poor farmers and had no military training. This resulted in 1.3 million casualties between 1915 and 1918. The Italians mounted only 11 offensives in two and a half years and their maximum advance was 12 miles. 600,000 Italians killed for these seemingly poor results. However, the Italians did have some success at the Battle of Vittorio Veneto in 1918. By this stage Austria was in political ruin and victory was east. Italy made more territorial gains than any other country. By gaining Trentino, South Tyrol and Istria, nationalist claims for Italia Irredentia were met. Dalmatia, however, was claimed by Yugoslavia. Although these military effects are very important I still assert that the political effects were more impactful and long-lasting for Italy. In conclusion, I definitely agree that the most important effects of the First World War on Italy between 1915 and 1918 were political. This is because politics are central to a country and all other effects ? economic, social and military ? stem from decisions made by the government. If the government is weak it usually follows that the rest of the country will suffer. Perhaps if the government had have been stronger Italy would have emerged from the war a stronger nation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how the effects of the First World War caused the collapse of the ...

    4 star(s)

    The First World War worsened these problems. There were more food shortages because it was being transported to the army. There was a now fuel shortage as well, which left people cold and hungry. Factories closed and left more workers unemployed. Inflation occurred and people fell into poverty.

  2. Why did Mussolini's Fascist Party become popular in Italy after the First World War?

    It is difficult to say whether by 1939 Mussolini had achieved his ideal Fascist state economically since Mussolini himself had very little knowledge in economics and probably did not know exactly what he wanted and what he could achieve. None-the-less Italy was a victim of general deflation, wage-cutting and the

  1. To what extent were technological changes the biggest feature in the changing nature of ...

    Joffre was another military leader who refused to endorse the new methods of warfare; at the start of WW1 the French soldiers were still wearing blue and white traditional costumes. On arrival they used traditional frontal attacks and Napoleonic columns- 300,000 men were lost in the first few weeks of the war.

  2. The economic consequences of the First World War on Italy were the most significant(TM). ...

    Although many suffered economically because of the war, Industrialists did not. Industrialists, in contrast, did well out of the war. Providing their production was linked to the war effort, they were assured of a market. As inflation increased they simply raised their prices and a government desperate for military victory continued to buy their products.

  1. The importance of the First World War as a turning point in the development ...

    the autocratic and one party system which Russia had been used to for over 300 years. Overall the First World War had the greatest political impact as led to seventy one years of communist rule and ultimately led to Stalin's totalitarian state being created.

  2. Vietnam war

    conduct or activities are deemed dangerous to the security of South Vietnam". This law targeted communists, but predictably, thousands of others with no subversive intentions were swept up by the police and army security networks. By 1961, more than 60,000 South Vietnamese now lived in gaol.

  1. How far was the First World War responsible for the downfall of the Romanovs ...

    a time when the ever-changing government proved incapable of running the war. Morale high at the start among army and civilians but was damaged by lengthening casualty lists at the front and declining supplies at home, this in turn led to discontent amongst civilians as the dislocated transport and food

  2. The origins of the first world war

    Austria and Russia, fearing a strong Germany, responded by pressuring Saxony and Hanover to withdraw, and forced Prussia to abandon the scheme in a treaty dubbed the humiliation of Olm�tz. Otto Von Bismarck was the leading Prussian Chief Minister who began the unification in 1871.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work