• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The new nation state of Germany was successful in establishing a constitution, which not only provided a democratic system of government, but also guaranteed the freedom of individual states.

Extracts from this document...


History Essay The success of the new nation state was limited, mainly in economic terms, which was still in need of development to maintain its power and prestige in order to tackle political opposition from within the country. Such an ambition to eradicate any hostility harbouring internally would demand the establishment of an effective constitution, which would curb the growing threat of both the Kulterkampf and Socialism. In addition to this, many influential members had growing aspirations for an aggressive foreign policy, which would safeguard the country. However, such a desire could prove too much of a challenge for Bismarck. The new nation state of Germany was successful in establishing a constitution, which not only provided a democratic system of government, but also guaranteed the freedom of individual states. The federal government was made up of 25 states of which Prussia could appoint up to 17 members. The capital city of the new Germany was Berlin. The Emperor was the Kaiser who was in charge of not only the armed forces, but also of designating a chancellor to whom held a lot of responsibilities. He attained executive power and initiated legislation. Bismarck had succeeded where Liberals had failed as he assembled the Reichstag, which was elected by universal suffrage, but in reality, its 382 members had no control over the chancellor and most power lay with the Emperor. ...read more.


Due to Universal Suffrage in the German Empire in 1871, it enabled the Socialists to speak out in favour of the urban workers, which increased in support. They had won 12 seats by 1877. Nevertheless, Bismarck used two assassination attempts on the Emperor in 1878 to obtain anti-Socialist legislation, but the National Liberals refused to support it. In 1879, the Reichstag passed a law, taking away the right of Socialist or Communist organisations to hold meetings or publish materials. Those who were found to be supporting Socialist ideals were imprisoned and others emigrated, but Socialism was merely driven underground. Meetings continued to be held, disguised as other organisations or in places, which it was difficult for the Police to find. Printed materials and newspapers were smuggled in from abroad. The Socialist 'menace' couldn't be stopped so Bismarck took it a step further. He established a program of 'State Socialism' to gain the working class support in defence of Socialism. In May 1883, a sickness insurance law was introduced, whereby; employees contributed two-thirds of the cost and employers the other one-third. Following this, in June 1884, an Accident Insurance Law, funded by employers, was passed, which helped nearly all wage earning groups. ...read more.


The new state was successful as influential interests were addressed, but due to the increased interest in Foreign Policy from both Bismarck and the Kaiser, alarm bells were ringing out in the ears of the central powers, as they became worried at Germanys actions and remained cautious. Tension was building, which could accumulate to European relations arising into future conflict. From the years of 1871-1914, Germany came under widespread development under the authority of Otto Von Bismarck, the architect of Nationalism, who engineered its potential to the full. He re-founded the Second Reich by making many decisive changes in the interests of the new nation state, which also included solving many political problems. To his disappointment however, he was unable to vanquish the many threats that arose during his period in government as it became too much of a struggle for him. These threats varied, but due to the establishment of an effective constitution he was able to seek a compromise with the Catholic Church and the Socialists that would provide him with more energy and metabolism to concentrate on foreign Policy. It would therefore seem that Bismarck adopted Political Problems very seriously, but due to the new Emperor, Kaiser William II, Germany's hopes and desires for European peace, was slowly diminishing. 1 James White History Essay ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How Successfully in the period 1870 to 1914 did the ruling elites of Germany ...

    The middle classes were caught up between the working classes and the social elites. They had pressures below them from the working classes and from the Industrialists and Junkers above them. Their main aim was to maintain their position. Unification had involved the imposition of Prussian ideologies throughout the newly united Germany, in which Prussia was the dominant state.

  2. Trace and explain the relations between Germany and Russia during 1871-1914

    Therefore, Russia declared war on Turkey in 1877 (The Russo-Turkish War) that claimed to help Serbia. Turkey was defeated and signed the Treaty of San Stefano. However, Austria objected to the terms especially the creation of a Russian-controlled Bulgaria as she feared that the end of the Ottoman Empire

  1. Success of Daniel O'Connell's Catholic Emancipation Campaign

    were very serious in the question of Catholic Emancipation and that it was very important to them. This well organised national movement was the one of the first in the world, so it was no surprise the British Government soon felt the pressure on the question of Cat Eman that

  2. Hitlers Germany

    The Nazi-Soviet Pact At Munich in September 1938 Prime Minister Chamberlain of Britain and Premier Daladier of France consented to the partition of Czechoslovakia. They also agreed to Hitler's annexation of the Sudetenland. They gave the Czechoslovaks nothing but a solemn guarantee of the integrity of the remnant.

  1. To what extent was Bismarck in control of the direction Germany's Foreign Policy took ...

    Germany was now guaranteed against Russia by Austria, and against France by Italy. Bismarck had successfully kept the friendship of Russia, Austria and Italy and kept France completely isolated. He was indeed a skilful diplomat who was able to handle the European powers for Germany's advantage.

  2. Soviet State

    * In the short run the Urals Siberian method was a success. By the spring of 1928, grain procurements were satisfactory. By the summer, it was clear that squeezing the peasants would lead them to cut down the amounts they sowed and diminish the grain surpluses.

  1. How successful was Louis of imposing absolute control on government in the provinces?

    In some way he was successful in imposing his power over the provincial governors as they were less likely to disagree with him as they were allocated places in the government. The king was the ruler over everyone and to question his authority would be bad idea.

  2. Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis?

    In January 1935, the French foreign minister, Laval, met with Mussolini in Rome for a number of secret meetings. In these secret meetings they made some secret agreement some of these involved Abyssinia and yet Abyssinia wasn't even there so one of the major powers was making secret agreements with

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work