• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The new nation state of Germany was successful in establishing a constitution, which not only provided a democratic system of government, but also guaranteed the freedom of individual states.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Essay The success of the new nation state was limited, mainly in economic terms, which was still in need of development to maintain its power and prestige in order to tackle political opposition from within the country. Such an ambition to eradicate any hostility harbouring internally would demand the establishment of an effective constitution, which would curb the growing threat of both the Kulterkampf and Socialism. In addition to this, many influential members had growing aspirations for an aggressive foreign policy, which would safeguard the country. However, such a desire could prove too much of a challenge for Bismarck. The new nation state of Germany was successful in establishing a constitution, which not only provided a democratic system of government, but also guaranteed the freedom of individual states. The federal government was made up of 25 states of which Prussia could appoint up to 17 members. The capital city of the new Germany was Berlin. The Emperor was the Kaiser who was in charge of not only the armed forces, but also of designating a chancellor to whom held a lot of responsibilities. He attained executive power and initiated legislation. Bismarck had succeeded where Liberals had failed as he assembled the Reichstag, which was elected by universal suffrage, but in reality, its 382 members had no control over the chancellor and most power lay with the Emperor. ...read more.

Middle

Due to Universal Suffrage in the German Empire in 1871, it enabled the Socialists to speak out in favour of the urban workers, which increased in support. They had won 12 seats by 1877. Nevertheless, Bismarck used two assassination attempts on the Emperor in 1878 to obtain anti-Socialist legislation, but the National Liberals refused to support it. In 1879, the Reichstag passed a law, taking away the right of Socialist or Communist organisations to hold meetings or publish materials. Those who were found to be supporting Socialist ideals were imprisoned and others emigrated, but Socialism was merely driven underground. Meetings continued to be held, disguised as other organisations or in places, which it was difficult for the Police to find. Printed materials and newspapers were smuggled in from abroad. The Socialist 'menace' couldn't be stopped so Bismarck took it a step further. He established a program of 'State Socialism' to gain the working class support in defence of Socialism. In May 1883, a sickness insurance law was introduced, whereby; employees contributed two-thirds of the cost and employers the other one-third. Following this, in June 1884, an Accident Insurance Law, funded by employers, was passed, which helped nearly all wage earning groups. ...read more.

Conclusion

The new state was successful as influential interests were addressed, but due to the increased interest in Foreign Policy from both Bismarck and the Kaiser, alarm bells were ringing out in the ears of the central powers, as they became worried at Germanys actions and remained cautious. Tension was building, which could accumulate to European relations arising into future conflict. From the years of 1871-1914, Germany came under widespread development under the authority of Otto Von Bismarck, the architect of Nationalism, who engineered its potential to the full. He re-founded the Second Reich by making many decisive changes in the interests of the new nation state, which also included solving many political problems. To his disappointment however, he was unable to vanquish the many threats that arose during his period in government as it became too much of a struggle for him. These threats varied, but due to the establishment of an effective constitution he was able to seek a compromise with the Catholic Church and the Socialists that would provide him with more energy and metabolism to concentrate on foreign Policy. It would therefore seem that Bismarck adopted Political Problems very seriously, but due to the new Emperor, Kaiser William II, Germany's hopes and desires for European peace, was slowly diminishing. 1 James White History Essay ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitlers Germany

    On June 15 the Soviet charg´┐Ż d'affaires in Berlin passed on a message to the Nazis that the Soviet Union was trying to decide whether to conclude the pact with the British and French, drag out negotiations further, or undertake a rapprochement with Germany.

  2. To what extent was Bismarck in control of the direction Germany's Foreign Policy took ...

    powers, the other signatories were to come to her aid; and at Italy's request, both Austria and Germany agreed that in no case would the Treaty operate against Britain. Consequently, by this time, a powerful bloc had been formed in central Europe.

  1. Success of Daniel O'Connell's Catholic Emancipation Campaign

    legal and constitutional measures as may be most useful to obtain Catholic Emancipation." O'Connell set about with a new strategy so as many people could join and it could become as widespread as possible: -He expanded the range of issues, grievances and questions dealt with by the association.

  2. Soviet State

    * In the short run the Urals Siberian method was a success. By the spring of 1928, grain procurements were satisfactory. By the summer, it was clear that squeezing the peasants would lead them to cut down the amounts they sowed and diminish the grain surpluses.

  1. Show how Bismarck negotiated the Triple Alliance in 1882. What were the purpose ...

    It threatened Europe with a general upheaval. Britain feared Russia's occupation of the Straits controlling access from and to the Black Sea. This was a threat to the Treaty of Paris of 1856. Austria resented the creation of a giant Bulgaria in the Balkans dominated by Russia, who would, in turn, have easy access to the Danube.

  2. Trace and explain the relations between Germany and Russia during 1871-1914

    Besides, Russia territorial ambitions clashed with the interest of Austria. Being a 'land-locked' state, Russia wanted to acquire warm water-ports in the Balkans (e.g. Constantinople). As most of the Balkan people were of the Slav race, Russia could extend her influence in the Balkans in name of protecting her brother races (e.g.

  1. How successful was Louis of imposing absolute control on government in the provinces?

    and if they didn't collect it to a satisfactory standard he would have words and they may be punished in some way. This shows if you cross Louis you will be punished and you needed to keep on the right side of him.

  2. How Successfully in the period 1870 to 1914 did the ruling elites of Germany ...

    Also, as competition from foreign imports grew, Bismarck faced increased pressure by the landed elites (the Junkers) and the Industrialists to increase economic protectionism. Bismarck believed in "Real Politik", or the politics of realism. He responded accordingly to the demands of the Junkers and Industrialists.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work