• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Nixon move toward China.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Nixon Move Toward China On February 21, 1972, President Richard Nixon arrived in Beijing, China, for historic meetings with Chairman Mao, the leader of the Peoples Republic of China. This historic trip began the development of a new American policy toward China. Before that time, the two countries were enemies and had no formal, or even informal, diplomatic relations. The new policy advanced the interests of America and is beneficial to the entire world order. Thirty years to the day after Nixon's trip to China, U.S. President George W. Bush flew to Beijing. While writing about President Bush's trip to Beijing, Simon Fraser of BBC News Online noted that Nixon's visit was a diplomatic triumph in thawing relations between China and the United States and stated that the trip "changed the world"1. Before President Nixon's trip, relations between China and the United states were those of enemies. In 1949 the Communists led by Mao Tse Tung took control of the Chinese mainland and the United States cut diplomatic ties. The United States recognized Taiwan as the legitimate Chinese government. The United States was critical of the brutal and repressive ways of the Chinese mainland government. For example, in the 1960's Mao's brutal Cultural Revolution crushed all opposition within China. This was reprehensible to the Unties States. Likewise China despised the United States. ...read more.

Middle

The main barrier to a U.S.-China relationship was the issue of Taiwan, the offshore Chinese island where Mao's old enemy, Chiang Kai Shek, governed. America had defended Taiwan since 1949 and China claimed Taiwan as part of its nation. It was agreed that the issue would be discussed as part of the Nixon trip. As part of the announcement for Nixon's visit, the Chinese wanted a joint statement that Nixon wanted to go to China and China was gracious to let him come. The Unites States wanted the statement to be that China would like to have Nixon come and that Nixon was happy to accept the invitation. After working all night, a joint announcement was agreed upon which stated: "Knowing of President Nixon's expressed desire to visit the People's Republic of China, Premier Chou Enlai, on behalf of the Peoples Republic of China, has extended an invitation to President Nixon to visit China. President Nixon has accepted the invitation with pleasure."3 Taiwan accused Nixon of selling out its country. The announcement stunned the world. However, there was a hope that such a meeting could help world peace. Establishing some type of diplomatic relation with China could benefit the United States. The Unites States was very concerned about the Soviet Union's build-up of nuclear weapons. ...read more.

Conclusion

Because of the United States foreign policy as started by the Nixon visit, the United States has increased its wealth and security. The U.S. foreign policy, as started by President Nixon, is also a policy that has been right and good for the world. It has reduced tensions and potential conflicts between China and the rest of the world thereby making the world a safer place. It brought China out of an economically isolated position in the world to a partner in the world economy. The policy has also opened Chinese society to many types of cultural exchanges. This has helped bring cultural advances and some degree of freedom to the Chinese people. A nation with twenty percent of the world's population has now been more fully integrated into the world political community. This is advantageous to both China and the rest of the world in developing trade and helping with peace and security. The Nixon policy towards China was a great contribution to world order and international relations. The China policy as it has been developed, has benefited the self-interest of the United States but has also been beneficial to China and the rest of the world. 1 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/1821104.stm. Flashback: Nixon In China 2/11/02. 2 http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/China/filmmae/transcript/index.html. Nixon in China. 2/11/03. 3 http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/China/filmmae/transcript/index.html. Nixon in China. 2/11/03. 4Ambrose, Stephen E. Nixon The Triumph of s Politician 1962-1972. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    That would have led to a 3rd world war. What were the results of the Berlin Blockade? Relations between the superpowers were permanently affected by the Berlin Blockade: * All attempts to cooperate over Germany ended: in 1949, Germany was permanently divided (until reunification in 1990): o the German Democratic Republic was established in the East, with a communist,

  2. Why were the Communists able to come to power in China?

    of arms and overthrow of those, who resisted nationalist government, including primarily the communists and only later warlords and finally the Japanese. To make up their economic losses and to lessen the inflation, the Guomindang introduced a system of taxes and credit in the countryside.

  1. Site visit to Hong Kongs Museum of Coastal Defense

    With regards to the actual gallery, there are 3 sections, while my main focus was on the permanent section. There are eleven small galleries with exhibits spanning a history of six centuries, from the coastal defence during Ming dynasty (1368-1644)

  2. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    Indeed, for many years colonists had been reading the radical British press, which argued the existence of a Tory plot in England to crush liberty throughout the empire. Surviving from the English Civil War of the previous century was a profound distrust of monarchy among a small fringe of radical

  1. History of the United States

    of black people were transported into the southern colonies to be used for plantation labor. Slaves were also used in the northern colonies, but in far fewer numbers. The survival rates as well as birthrates tended to be high for slaves brought to the North American mainland colonies--in contrast to those transported to the West Indies or to South America.

  2. Introduction - US policy to Southeast Asia in general

    In the early stages of the conflict, America favoured a policy of 'Non-intervention and neutrality' towards the situation in Indochina, but this 'was never truly impartial' argues McMahon.16As evidence for this bias, he cites Ho Chi Minh's numerous letters of appeal to the Americans without a response (US talk of

  1. Communist China a project

    the Communists, in order for the two sides to work together against the Japanese. The war against the Japanese brought terrible hardship to the people of China. Northern China was quickly overrun and hundreds of thousands of Chinese were killed.

  2. US President George Bush labelled Iran and Iraq as part of an "axis of ...

    Russia continued to support Iran's nuclear programme.22 In 1998, the Russian Government took steps to increase its oversight of Russian companies doing business with Iran. However, report ably, Russian companies 'circumvented these controls'23 and continue to assist Iran, although in the last three years there has been no evidence of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work