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The Nixon move toward China.

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Introduction

The Nixon Move Toward China On February 21, 1972, President Richard Nixon arrived in Beijing, China, for historic meetings with Chairman Mao, the leader of the Peoples Republic of China. This historic trip began the development of a new American policy toward China. Before that time, the two countries were enemies and had no formal, or even informal, diplomatic relations. The new policy advanced the interests of America and is beneficial to the entire world order. Thirty years to the day after Nixon's trip to China, U.S. President George W. Bush flew to Beijing. While writing about President Bush's trip to Beijing, Simon Fraser of BBC News Online noted that Nixon's visit was a diplomatic triumph in thawing relations between China and the United States and stated that the trip "changed the world"1. Before President Nixon's trip, relations between China and the United states were those of enemies. In 1949 the Communists led by Mao Tse Tung took control of the Chinese mainland and the United States cut diplomatic ties. The United States recognized Taiwan as the legitimate Chinese government. The United States was critical of the brutal and repressive ways of the Chinese mainland government. For example, in the 1960's Mao's brutal Cultural Revolution crushed all opposition within China. This was reprehensible to the Unties States. Likewise China despised the United States. ...read more.

Middle

The main barrier to a U.S.-China relationship was the issue of Taiwan, the offshore Chinese island where Mao's old enemy, Chiang Kai Shek, governed. America had defended Taiwan since 1949 and China claimed Taiwan as part of its nation. It was agreed that the issue would be discussed as part of the Nixon trip. As part of the announcement for Nixon's visit, the Chinese wanted a joint statement that Nixon wanted to go to China and China was gracious to let him come. The Unites States wanted the statement to be that China would like to have Nixon come and that Nixon was happy to accept the invitation. After working all night, a joint announcement was agreed upon which stated: "Knowing of President Nixon's expressed desire to visit the People's Republic of China, Premier Chou Enlai, on behalf of the Peoples Republic of China, has extended an invitation to President Nixon to visit China. President Nixon has accepted the invitation with pleasure."3 Taiwan accused Nixon of selling out its country. The announcement stunned the world. However, there was a hope that such a meeting could help world peace. Establishing some type of diplomatic relation with China could benefit the United States. The Unites States was very concerned about the Soviet Union's build-up of nuclear weapons. ...read more.

Conclusion

Because of the United States foreign policy as started by the Nixon visit, the United States has increased its wealth and security. The U.S. foreign policy, as started by President Nixon, is also a policy that has been right and good for the world. It has reduced tensions and potential conflicts between China and the rest of the world thereby making the world a safer place. It brought China out of an economically isolated position in the world to a partner in the world economy. The policy has also opened Chinese society to many types of cultural exchanges. This has helped bring cultural advances and some degree of freedom to the Chinese people. A nation with twenty percent of the world's population has now been more fully integrated into the world political community. This is advantageous to both China and the rest of the world in developing trade and helping with peace and security. The Nixon policy towards China was a great contribution to world order and international relations. The China policy as it has been developed, has benefited the self-interest of the United States but has also been beneficial to China and the rest of the world. 1 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/1821104.stm. Flashback: Nixon In China 2/11/02. 2 http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/China/filmmae/transcript/index.html. Nixon in China. 2/11/03. 3 http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/China/filmmae/transcript/index.html. Nixon in China. 2/11/03. 4Ambrose, Stephen E. Nixon The Triumph of s Politician 1962-1972. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989. ...read more.

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