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The Origins of War.

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THE ORIGINS OF WAR INTRODUCTION There are many ways in starting any war. As we have seen in the past there are good examples where we could say and analyze these causes and link many of the facts or factors that lead to war. It's not easy to find what or who was the main ingredient that caused the war because we can always find out that it's more of a collective responsibility rather than only one thing/ person. In this project the wars that will be analyzed are: - The 'Great War' - World War Two - Spanish civil war There are many motives that were similar in each of the wars, where the people didn't learn from the mistakes of the 'Great War'. If we could list all the possible origins of any kind of war, then we would create a utopian world, where wars would not exist. There are many ways to prevent wars and that's by putting together these three wars and actually visualizing all of the common or links that can be found in each war. There are several equalities, but the one that can never be predetermined is the nature of the human being and the way it may act. On the other hand we can bring out other political and alliances factors that can be considered and improved for the prevention of them happening again. It's very easy, for the victor's countries, to blame completely the country that lost the war because it would be immoral that only one country started a war, just like A.J.P Taylor did in his book 'The origins of the Second World War', he took out some of Hitler's blame and broadened between the other countries involved in the Second World War. 'Hence any guilt left over after Hitler had been condemned could be passed on the French for failing to expel him from the Rhineland in 1936 or on to Chamberlain for flinching in September 1938. ...read more.


There was great rivalry between some countries, especially Britain with Germany, and there was great fear from the French against the Germans, they had despised them and had always felt mischievous against them. In order to compare the Spanish Civil War, it would have to be separate because first we have to see the mood that there was in the other European countries to understand what happened and why was there many political moves from outer places like France and Germany, just to name a few. There had been conflicts in the Republican government and the right wing parities allied to finish with the Republican government, which at the same time had made it's allies with other left parities because they saw it coming. On the hand of Franco and his Nationalists there was the Carlist, the CEDA (catholic church), the Falange and the Monarchists, there was also support of the Germans and Italians that were pro-Nationalist. Then we had defending the Republican government the Republicans, the Anarcho-Syndicalists, the Basques, the Catalans, the Communists, the Marxists and the Socialists, they also had some support from the French and the Russians that were pro-Republican. So we have seen how these separations between two sides also happened on the Spanish Civil War and made the opponents act in a rather aggressive way creating a very bloody war. There other elements present in this war that can be considered as very important and it was the intervention of the Germans and Italians on one side and the French and Russians on the other. The Spanish Civil War is also considered as a cause of the Second World War because since then we can see that, on one side, the Germans and Italians wanted to exterminate the left wing countries (USSR good example) and also countries that helped them (France another example). Then we had the French and Russians that were fighting against the diktat and against countries that were so called 'fascist'. ...read more.


The alliance system and the political causes are some of the reasons that can help us understand why they were and are so important. For most people the political causes had more weight than the alliance system on the origins of war, probably they are correct but its not good to say that one was much more responsible than the other. Each of these happened at the right time when the moment had it coming and only both of these factors worked together for the start of the wars and they had the mood of the people on their sides. The situation that the world is in this moment is a very drastic one. If we recapitulate the facts, there are many possibilities of having another World War. Countries have separated in the last few years, some have taken the side of the USA and many others don't share their opinions, these ahs formed two bands just like in the past. We can say that our world is governed by one country (USA) that acts in its one way and doesn't listen to the other countries that try to 'appease' the USA in its foreign policy. Like in the First and Second War, the States wants to control and gain territorial influence over places like Iraq (great oil industry). On the other hand the recent war has been denominated as a crusade were the allies fought for 'god' and Christianity against the Muslim ideals. These has been the biggest influence during the last years and could be replaced with fascism and the imperialism of the past wars, religion is like a fever nowadays. On the other hand there's technology like another factor because the Americans want to have the best weapons in the world and its enemies can't (similar with the case of the cold war). At the end there aren't any safe possibilities and if there is a third World War there won't be historians studying the causes of it! Roberto Persivale L6-B3 ...read more.

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