• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Palestinian Liberation Organisation Intelligence Report Origins Between the two major wars of 1948 and 1967 the Palestinians believed that the neighbouring

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Palestinian Liberation Organisation Intelligence Report Origins Between the two major wars of 1948 and 1967 the Palestinians believed that the neighbouring Arab states would conquer the Israeli's and gain back their land. However as time went by the Arabs made no advance and the Palestinians became restless, so they thought up others ways of attacking their enemy. The Palestinians exiles in Kuwait set up their own organisation in 1959 to fight the Israeli's and defend Palestinian rights, it's name; "Fatah", it's leader; Yasser Arafat. By the 1960's Fatah had developed into an active fighting force. Then in 1964 the Arab governments saw that their people were determined and decided to create an organisation to represent the Palestinians it was called the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organisation). However their efforts were unrewarded as the Israeli six day war was victorious. Due to such humiliation the Fatah decided to change their methods of war. In 1968 with the help of the Jordanian army, the Fatah successfully fought against a n Israeli attack in Karama, a village in Jordan. ...read more.

Middle

This was named Black September and eventually a ceasefire was called for. In 1971 the Palestinians guerrillas were forced to leave Jordan. The Palestinians then settled in Lebanon and frequently attacked the North of Israel. Aims The basic aim of the PLO was to expel all people in Israel that had arrived in Palestine since the First World War. The followers of the PLO believed that they had no right to be in their country and wanted them out as soon as they could. They also wanted to show the world how passionate they felt about the Zionist and originally set out to gain support. Ironically, with their terrorist methods they gained more opposer's than supporters of their cause. Methods The PLO believed that the only way they could attack and have any chance of destroying the Israeli army was by guerrilla war fare, however others saw their methods as terrorism. They launched attacks on military targets from the borders of Israel and made surprise attacks on civilians and civilian targets. Attacking the citizens of Israel was a terrorist characteristic and they often went down this path. ...read more.

Conclusion

All British prisoners were then released however the Arabs were kept hostage. This attack showed that guerrilla tactics worked and terrorism reached a new age. The PLO also caused havoc and destruction at the Olympic games held in Munich in 1972. A group called Black September surrounded the Olympic village and took nine Israeli athletes as hostage. The terrorists blackmailed Israel saying that they would release their athletes if they in turn released 200 captured Arabs. After much confusion and a bloody firefight, any remaining hostages were shot dead by the surviving terrorists. It was called the Munich Massacre. There were many other terrorist attacks which were also followed by blackmail to get out Arab hostages this seemed to be quite a trend. Some people respected the PLO for their courage but others despised them for its attacks on civilians. In 1974 the Arab league - the association of the Arab states - declared the PLO to be the "sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people". The PLO never really gained much respect in the world or victories over their land. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Arab Israeli Conflict -

    today, as it goes against their Zionist beliefs and will probably incite more terrorism in the area. Therefore to establish their dominance of Palestinian areas, they moved the new Jewish refugees into the West Bank. Since 1967, Israeli governments have maintained a willingness to withdraw from areas of the West

  2. In both world wars, many enemy aliens were interned in Australia

    Kay Saunders15 points to another key aspect of the internment policy of World War Two-although not officially published these actual procedures reflected the Allies defeats on the battle fields rather than a fair assessment of any individual's case; according to Saunders Australia's internment policy was driven by impulses of xenophobia.

  1. The origins of the 6 day war -June 1967.

    Arab world was not united -Nasser sought to harness forces of radical nationalism in the region behind his leadership & against traditional regimes -Saudi Arabia, the Gulf. 3) Israeli foreign policy had created international climate favourable to her position -was winning propaganda war against Arabs in West by presenting herself as a David facing Goliath.

  2. To What Extent Have The Attempts For A Palestinian State Been Blocked By The ...

    This as the World Bank identifies, is the 'proximate cause of years of Palestinian economic distress'. The reason it is so destructive upon the economy is the fact that it eliminates the chance for the free flow of goods, whether imported or exported, as Israel effectively blockaded both of the enclaves, making them essentially open prisons.

  1. Africa and the role they played during both of the world wars.

    manpower shortages among the Europeans, was the substitution of Africans in employment roles previously exclusive to whites. Africans served as managers of estates and administrative duties exclusive to whites.15 Even though this was a positive thing the negative by far outweighed the positive outcomes of the war in Africa.

  2. Arab-Israeli Wars.

    where he lost in the preview was with Israel,it was also going to take revenge.Plo was trying establish its presence and it playeda small role in contributing the war. The outbreak of the war was bit conflicting,The arabs wanted Israel to be the agressor.So they were escalating the problems.For example,Egypt

  1. Critical response to 'Adam's Ark'.

    While the Colonel and soldier sleep the hostages try to come up with an idea to escape. I especially like this part of the scene because it has great expressions, for example here is an expression that Dr Ainsworth comes out with "It's a load of fanatical eyewash."

  2. The Origins of War.

    again, although each time it's much more difficult for the historians after the situation that the World is in. The goal of this project is mainly to link the common factors of all of the wars, mentioned, above to get to a conclusion where we can say which are the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work