• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The political establishment in Germany succeeded in maintaining the status quo through a policy of moderate reform . How far do you agree with this assessment 1900-1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Essay.. Roman.. The political establishment in Germany succeeded in maintaining the status quo through a policy of moderate reform . ?How far do you agree with this assessment 1900-1914?? The political establishment of Germany succeeded in maintaining status quo mainly through a policy of moderate reform however other factors such as the fact that the Kaiser had control over the military played a significant role in maintaining status quo. Status quo was maintained through various means of moderate reform. This included the 1899 old age and invalidity act which increased pensions and introduced compulsory insurance. Another example is the 1903 Sickness insurance Act giving greater help to workers as it gave them over 26 weeks off work for illness. Furthermore the 1908 Factory act restricted work anyone under the age of 13 and introduced a 6 hour day for anyone aged between 13 and 14 and a 10 hour day for 15 year olds. ...read more.

Middle

Other moderate reforms included seizing polish lands and in turn helping landless German peasants. The Imperial Insurance code introduced in 1911 consolidated all previous laws and passed laws in Alsace Lorraine giving them a two chamber parliament and universal suffrage. These examples show that the German government aimed to keep status quo without introducing large scale reforms. This meant that sure that the workers were happier but did not have any greater democracy or voice. For example, the constituencies remained unreformed from 1871 although this was mainly in conservative dominated areas but nevertheless helped to maintain the status quo. Overall the workers were not given the opportunity to exert their influence or to even demand more changes since despite the SPD being the biggest party meaning the governments moderate reforms were extremely successful. On the other hand the army was loyal to the Kaiser and was large enough to neutralise any possible uprisings by the peasants meaning that perhaps the reforms were unnecessary since people would have been afraid to go against the will of the Kaiser because of the army. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example Some reforms may be considered more than moderate such as the annexations of land in Poland and some reforms in the south where some states such as Bavaria and Baden operating as more democratic than central states since there were direct elections meaning reform was only moderate in some areas. Essentially the power of the Kaiser and the conservative politics as well as the military meant that these reforms essentially could not have led to any significant political change despite things improving in some areas. In conclusion the political establishment in Germany did succeed in maintaining status quo most importantly through a series of moderate reform but a contributing factor was the strength and obedience of the army to the Kaiser and the strength of the current government although this was the least important factor. This means that although moderate reforms discouraged further reform by appeasing the peasants / working classes so as to make them unwilling to strive towards further reform, possible socialist uprisings were discouraged by the army. This combination maintained the status quo. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitlers Germany

    The brief Balkan campaign compelled Hitler to postpone "Operation Barbarossa" for a month, but its success left him in control of the whole continent. That is to say it left him in control up to the Soviet border, either directly or by way of his allies Mussolini and Franco, except for neutral Portugal, Sweden, and Switzerland.

  2. The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust. How valid is this assessment ...

    The aim of the Madagascar plan was to remove all the Jews from Europe and put them on Madagascar, another attempt at isolating European Jewry. Document E shows an extract from a memorandum on 9th Jun 1940 by Franz

  1. Explain the role of Czechoslovakia in the appeasement story.

    So Stalin had metaphorically and literally beheaded the army. So Stalin knew that the Red Army was in no shape to take on Hitler. Moreover, the Russians were only able to fly in their troops as they did not share a common boarder with Czechoslovakia and they were not allowed to pass through Polish or Romanian territory.

  2. "An Honourable Policy Pursued by Honourable Men"-Is This a Fair Assessment of the Policy ...

    Having a weak government at this time would be just the thing Hitler would look for. Therefore Chamberlain was not wrong to ensure he had a team of people all working toward the same goal. Chamberlain's 'Plan Z' is definitely commendable, as it shows the lengths he went to, to work out Hitler's plans and try and keep the peace.

  1. Chamberlain's policy of appeasement against Germany

    Thus the question "why did the British government follow a policy of appeasement in the 1930s" will be determined and evidence will be given as to whether or not this policy was effective in achieving its aim. After World War I, Britain wanted a purged Germany to take her place among European nations once again.

  2. The political establishment in Germany succeeded in maintaining political status quo through a policy ...

    Both Von Burlow and Bethmann-Hollweg dealt with the demand for socialist reform by granting a number of moderate reforms. Between 1899 and 1903 Von Burlow granted an increase in old age pension, increase in accident insurance and sickness insurance which was more generous to the people.

  1. "The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust" How valid is this assessment ...

    Arranging these particular events in order of least radical to the most suggests that there was a clear and defined plan from the very beginning, however many were just by chance they happened as they took advantage of the opportunity at hand, something which the Nazi party were extremely good at.

  2. The political establishment in Germany succeeded in maintaining the status quo through a policy ...

    A prime example of Kaiser dominance can be found during the Zabern Affair, when a German army officer offended the locals of Zabern and even went as far to assault an old, crippled man, this sparked an uproar in Zabern to which the Kaiser did not even react to and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work