• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The political establishment in Germany succeeded in maintaining the status quo through a policy of moderate reform . How far do you agree with this assessment 1900-1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Essay.. Roman.. The political establishment in Germany succeeded in maintaining the status quo through a policy of moderate reform . ?How far do you agree with this assessment 1900-1914?? The political establishment of Germany succeeded in maintaining status quo mainly through a policy of moderate reform however other factors such as the fact that the Kaiser had control over the military played a significant role in maintaining status quo. Status quo was maintained through various means of moderate reform. This included the 1899 old age and invalidity act which increased pensions and introduced compulsory insurance. Another example is the 1903 Sickness insurance Act giving greater help to workers as it gave them over 26 weeks off work for illness. Furthermore the 1908 Factory act restricted work anyone under the age of 13 and introduced a 6 hour day for anyone aged between 13 and 14 and a 10 hour day for 15 year olds. ...read more.

Middle

Other moderate reforms included seizing polish lands and in turn helping landless German peasants. The Imperial Insurance code introduced in 1911 consolidated all previous laws and passed laws in Alsace Lorraine giving them a two chamber parliament and universal suffrage. These examples show that the German government aimed to keep status quo without introducing large scale reforms. This meant that sure that the workers were happier but did not have any greater democracy or voice. For example, the constituencies remained unreformed from 1871 although this was mainly in conservative dominated areas but nevertheless helped to maintain the status quo. Overall the workers were not given the opportunity to exert their influence or to even demand more changes since despite the SPD being the biggest party meaning the governments moderate reforms were extremely successful. On the other hand the army was loyal to the Kaiser and was large enough to neutralise any possible uprisings by the peasants meaning that perhaps the reforms were unnecessary since people would have been afraid to go against the will of the Kaiser because of the army. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example Some reforms may be considered more than moderate such as the annexations of land in Poland and some reforms in the south where some states such as Bavaria and Baden operating as more democratic than central states since there were direct elections meaning reform was only moderate in some areas. Essentially the power of the Kaiser and the conservative politics as well as the military meant that these reforms essentially could not have led to any significant political change despite things improving in some areas. In conclusion the political establishment in Germany did succeed in maintaining status quo most importantly through a series of moderate reform but a contributing factor was the strength and obedience of the army to the Kaiser and the strength of the current government although this was the least important factor. This means that although moderate reforms discouraged further reform by appeasing the peasants / working classes so as to make them unwilling to strive towards further reform, possible socialist uprisings were discouraged by the army. This combination maintained the status quo. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust. How valid is this assessment ...

    the Reich main security office and considered the leading organiser of the "Final Solution". The brutality of the clearing is shown in document I, which describes the murdering of 200 children in the Janusz Korczak orphanage in the Warsaw ghetto.

  2. "An Honourable Policy Pursued by Honourable Men"-Is This a Fair Assessment of the Policy ...

    Most people living in the Sudation land actually wanted to be part of Germany again too. Therefore most people believed it was rightfully Germany's anyway, and giving the Sudeten land to Hitler was a far more logical decision than going to war over it.

  1. Explain the role of Czechoslovakia in the appeasement story.

    that Britain's was advising them not to go to war especially because the French were outnumbered by the Germans and would probably lose. Therefore it was not appeasement it was common sense. During the summer of 1938 there was a message from London and Paris saying to the Czechoslovakia government

  2. Hitlers Germany

    Not eves if the whole Party tries to drive me into action.' Hitler knew how to wait in 1932, when his insistence on holding out until he could secure the Chancellorship appeared to court disaster. Foreign policy provides another instance.

  1. Chamberlain's policy of appeasement against Germany

    Thus the question "why did the British government follow a policy of appeasement in the 1930s" will be determined and evidence will be given as to whether or not this policy was effective in achieving its aim. After World War I, Britain wanted a purged Germany to take her place among European nations once again.

  2. "The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust" How valid is this assessment ...

    as we know Hitler allowed his subordinates to find the paths, so it would not seem to significant that he did not attend this meeting, however it is an argument that puts forth the idea that this meeting was just a platform for which Reinhard Heydrich to convey his many

  1. The political establishment in Germany succeeded in maintaining the status quo through a policy ...

    instead passed off the responsibility to another army general and with this the army did not react to the Kaiser?s disinterest due to them either being scared of the Kaiser or loyally tied to him. On the other hand, there are good signs and one of them comes in the form of the changing constituency boundaries.

  2. The political establishment in Germany succeeded in maintaining political status quo through a policy ...

    Both Von Burlow and Bethmann-Hollweg dealt with the demand for socialist reform by granting a number of moderate reforms. Between 1899 and 1903 Von Burlow granted an increase in old age pension, increase in accident insurance and sickness insurance which was more generous to the people.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work