• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The political tension's in the late 1800's and early 1900's together with Germany's willingness to go to war, made a European war practically unavoidable.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"We do not say this war is declared yet, but we believe it is inevitable," were the words of a Serbian government official during an interview in 1912. What he, however, did not know was the extent and lasting ramifications of this unavoidable war. While earlier conflicts in the Balkans had been regionally solved, the 1914 crisis was to be different. It was due to the buildup of all social, economic and political tensions between Europe's imperialistic nations and the willingness, especially that of Germany's, to engage in military conflict that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand allowed for the conflict to escalate. While there was strong rivalry between the Imperial powers to obtain their economic interests both sides of the Alliance system saw the benefits of a war they thought they were bound to win. This combined with new nationalist ideas produced throughout the 19th centaury allowed the situation to soar into a ferocious war. The political tension's in the late 1800's and early 1900's together with Germany's willingness to go to war, made a European war practically unavoidable. With the Alliance system in place putting Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary on one side, and France, Great Britain and Russia on the other a war between any of these nations would likely mean the others would get involved. ...read more.

Middle

The economic ambitions of Imperial Europe may also not be forgotten when analyzing the causes of World War I. France and Britain being the predominant forces in Africa left little for Germany, which created many tensions. As seem in the Morocco Crisis in 1905, there was great rivalry between the nations to keep a firm economic grip on their colonies. While in itself the Morocco conflict had little importance on the international stage, it did almost certainly affect public opinion (D. Steward) Wilhelm's militaristic and expiations Germany dating back from Bismarck and the creation of Germany in 1871 had adopted the policy of "Welt Politik", stating that Germany must move from a continental to world power through colonialism and navel expansion. Germany claiming the wanted "their place in the sun" however knew this would be very difficult to achieve without military action, "The war which could - and many say must - result from this situation of conflict would according to the general accepted opinion in our country have the aim of breaking England's world domination in order to lay free the necessary colonial possessions for the central European states who need to expand." ...read more.

Conclusion

The dispute over Alsace-Lorraine coming from the Franco-Prussian war was a major factor in German-French relations. Even within the population, there were conflicts on a social level which certainly added to the inevitability of the war. Strong nationalism caused ever widening social rifts and hostility among many nations which only added to a European conflict. The growing pressure of the social, economic and political issues made European conflict unavoidable. That the war would claim so many casualties and last a long four years was however foreseen by very few people. Europe's military build-up and complex alliance system made a local war almost impossible without the interference of other nations. Even if Germany didn't push and plan for war, they did certainly see the benefits and welcomed the ideas of altering the balance of imperial power in Europe. With a European war close to inevitable, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the perfect spark for a conflict that had been building up for many years. World Count: 1,190 Sources: > The Great War, Sources and Evidence - David Steward, James Frizgerald, Alf Pickard > Challenging History: Europe 1890 - 1990 - John Traynor > Mastering Modern History - Norman Lowe > Imperial Germany: The Riddle of 1914 -John C.G. R�hl > The Great Debate: The Historians' Verdict 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * In March 1905 Kaiser Wilhelm visited Morocco, which had been under French influence. The visit was arranged by the German government and Wilhelm went against his own better judgement. * At Tangier the Kaiser made a speech in which he spoke in favour of an 'open door' policy in Africa.

  2. Analysis of Political Cartoons

    the geopolitical reality, as the developing world has often felt negative effects from US led institutions and US foreign policy. This view can be backed up as even the prominent Chinese academic Wang Jisi (2005) states "although American hegemony has become gradually transparent...it is unrealistic for now to drag the

  1. Evaluation of key sources to address the question of increased tension

    Source B2 is not dated so we are unsure if it is a primary source, although it can be assumed its details are accurate. Nor does it declare an author; if it was American made we may assume the Domino theory would be exaggerated.

  2. Vietnam War.

    The South Vietnamese claimed the enemy death toll to be 97,000. Controversy in the United States Before troop withdrawal, US military strength in South Vietnam had peaked at over 541,000 in 1969. In the United States itself, as military involvement increased, the war issue had increasingly became highly controversial.

  1. American History.

    Revenue - Madison took the here lead by convincing Congress to pass the? Revenue Bill of 1789, which put a 5% tariff on some imports. Bill of Rights - Madison also took the initiative here and wrote 19? Amendments for the Constitution, 10 of which were ratified on December 15, 1791 and became known as the Bill of Rights.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    casualties mounted, public pressure for the Lebanese Forces to participate more in fighting increased. It was agreed at that a company of 150 fighters from the Lebanese Forces would enter the camps and that they would do so from south to north and from west to east to rout the remnant of the Palestinian forces and search for arms dumps.

  1. How does Ballard use the different nationalities within 'Empire of the Sun' to convey ...

    The Americans role within the novel is to bring hope. Jim is the predominant character that symbolises this hope. The first American characters to be introduced demonstrate this. Basie and Frank, appear to be using the war as a way to make money, they appear to be disconcerned for their own safety.

  2. Indian History. To what extent did large dams built before 1990 fulfil Nehru's ambitions?

    The politician-landowner nexus meant that distribution of water from state irrigation was selectively provided to landlords with political clout (Singh, 1997, p. 172). The extensive politicisation of this basic commodity organically grew an irrigation policy that was beneficial to a privileged class close to this nexus.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work