• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Reformation of Henry VIII.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction: In 1534 Henry passed the Act of Supremacy which made him the Head of the Church. This later changed in England called the Reformation (a 16th century movement for the change of abuses in the Roman Church ending establishment of the reformed and Protestant Churches). This essay will explain this. The Six Wives Henry's first wife was Catherine of Aragon who originally came from Spain, well educated and the youngest daughter of Ferdinand and Isaballa of Castile. But due to the failure of many miscarriages and only bearing one child, a daughter, Mary I (later known as Bloody Mary). Of which he wanted a male heir to obtain the throne; he wished to annul his marriage to Catherine which led eventually to England break with Roman Catholic Church. The English Church was the Catholic Church until the Reformation of the 16th Century: after Henry failed to obtain a divorce form Catherine of Aragon he repudiated papal supremacy, bringing the Church under the Control of the Crown. The Pope, leading to the break with the Roman Catholic Church opposed his divorce form Catherine. ...read more.

Middle

He was convinced that the problem was Catherine's, so he sought to have the marriage annulled in order that he might marry someone new - someone who would produce male children. Henry thought he had a very good argument for annulment, too. After all, he had married his brother's wife against church law, despite the dispensation. This argument might have worked, except for the fact that the pope had important political factors to consider as well. Catherine was the aunt of Charles V, at the time the Holy Roman Emperor whose armies at the time were in control of Italy. Had Henry sent Catherine away as "unsuitable", Charles would have been outraged both at Henry and any pope who allowed it. So, the annulment that was request for political reasons was also denied for political reasons. But Henry was not to be deterred; he conferred with Thomas Cramner, an academic who told Henry that he should be allowed to divorce and that Henry should also consult the English universities. Henry submitted his case to the theological faculties and most major universities agreed: the marriage was invalid and Henry should be free to marry someone new. ...read more.

Conclusion

Unfortunately for Henry, he also had to endure disappointment because he didn't get the son he wanted - although the surviving daughter from his first marriage, Mary Tudor, was declared by parliament as ineligible for the throne, they had to declare that the one daughter from the second marriage, Elizabeth, was the proper heir. It was not until one of his other four wives, Jane Seymour, produced a son that he finally got a male heir: Edward VI (1547-1553). Because the English crown employed political authority to protect Protestant ideas and oppose Roman Catholicism, England became a haven for Protestants who had to flee political and religious persecution on the continent. Cramner invited those who not only needed protection, but who also were able to help him. In the end. English Protestantism had an important influence on the development of Continental Protestantism when people eventually returned home. Conclusion To end off this essay and conclude I think that, as Henry was a rich and persuasive man he was able to change some of England's rules for his sake. And his only reason possibly to have this reformation and his many wives, was to have bondage between other countries and satisfy himself with a son and happy wife. "aaaaahhhhh, God bless him" :) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Was the Henrician Reformation inevitable?

    The changes to actual doctrine that Henry made were hardly noticeable and he still remained a catholic. " Henry's Catholicism smacks strongly of the notional and the superstitious and seems to have been the very kind which a Luther or Loyola deplored and fought most- external, mechanical, static; something inherited

  2. Charlemagne Essay.

    Charles in this war devastated land, destroying fortresses, he showed his enemies that he was stronger than them, imposition of a very harsh regime, by rule of Saxons capitularies around c.782 and reaction to the rebellion. Similar tactics were used against the Slavs, (the Wiltzites-slav tribe)

  1. Was Anne Boleyn or Thomas Cromwell the more influential in bringing religious reform in ...

    He was arrested in October 1529, but died at Leicester Abbey on the way to London from his diocese of York. Henry was not pleased that the trial was recalled to Rome, but it was not until 1531 that the obvious and brilliant but extremely dangerous idea was had by

  2. Nell Gwyn (Playhouse Cretaures) essay

    The gay couple, broadly defined, is a pair of witty, antagonistic lovers, he generally a rake fearing the entrapment of marriage and she feigning to do the same in order to keep her lover at arm's length. Theatre historian Elizabeth Howe goes so far as to credit the enduring success

  1. The Reformation was the intellectual movement in Western Europe in the 16th century which ...

    of the Clergy" which placed the entire clergy under his absolute control (Truman, 1). Ann Boleyn had also failed to produce a male heir up to this point and was executed, at which point Henry remarried once again but to Jane Seymour, with whom gave birth to his first son, Edward VI.

  2. King Henry VIII.

    But More soon discovered that Henry found it easy to keep his enjoyment of learned conversation apart from the conduct of policy. Nothing for the moment could dent Wolsey's strength, and this had serious drawbacks for the King, who supported him.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work