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The role of Bismarck in bringing about the unification of Germany has been greatly exaggerated.

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Introduction

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Middle

However, the most discussed pieces of manoeuvring by Bismarck were the three wars that he supposedly engineered against Denmark, Austria and France. In 1863, the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein were handed over to Denmark. When Austria and Prussia fought and quickly defeated Denmark and occupied the duchies, Bismarck saw his opportunity to manoeuvre Austria into a position where he could start a war with them. After much deliberation, it was decided that Prussia would control Schleswig and Austria would control Holstein. Some historians say that this was masterful strategic planning by Bismarck, as the Austrians would have to go through Schleswig to get to Prussia. This would be a huge advantage to Prussia if a war were to arise, which it did. Bismarck also now had a perfect opportunity to pick a fight with Austria, and would do it when the right opportunity came along. Historians say that Bismarck waited until he was sure he had the support of France and Italy before going to war with Austria. However, the situation in Europe at the time was already in Prussia?s favour, as France wanted to see Europe formed into larger states, and Italy were in a dispute with Austria over land. ...read more.

Conclusion

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