• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The role of Saddam Hussain in serving the aims of America in the Middle East.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem The role of Saddam Hussain in serving the aims of America in the Middle East In order to appreciate the role of Saddam Hussain in serving the American aims in the Middle East, it is imperative to outline the international struggle over that particular region and specifically over the Gulf region during the second half of this century. Despite the fact that the international struggle over the Gulf is part of the struggle over the whole region, it is however important to lend it special attention due to the extreme importance that this particular region enjoys vis-a-vis those countries who are seeking to exploit the Islamic world, due to what its lands contain in terms of huge reserves of oil that are practically unmatchable up until now. Despite the fact that as a substance, oil has been used by man for thousands of years, its importance however did not come to light until this century. The means of life in all its various aspects, be it military or civilian, have increasingly become more and more dependent on this commodity. It would be also right to say that no country in the world today could do away with oil for one single moment, and the more advanced and industrialised the country, the greater its dependence on this commodity and the more vital to its progress it becomes. Oil has become the main source of energy in the whole world and an economically viable substitute is not expected to be discovered in the foreseeable future despite all the research and the experiments undertaken by the industrial countries in this field. The Western Oil companies which worked in the Gulf region in the wake of the First World War, viewed oil at first as a mere commercial commodity. They competed for it in terms of exploration and production, due to its lucrative profits. However, in the wake of the Second World War, this competition soon turned into a struggle between the states to which these companies belonged. ...read more.

Middle

As for the British agents in the region, they were forced to side with Iraq, finance her and even supply her with fighters in order to prevent what they deemed as their frontline ditch from crumbling in the face of the Iranian threat. What is remarkable is that during the eight-year war, the conflict was concentrated around Basra. This gives us a clear indication of the aim of this particular war since Basra is near the Kuwaiti border and Kuwait was then the Leading Gulf State. Therefore intimidating Kuwait and forcing her to accept American protection would also lead to other Gulf States seeking American protection. It is true that Kuwait was very alarmed every time Iran achieved some military advantage in the Basra region but this particular fear did not lead her to seek American protection. Her reaction was to merely supply Iraq with funds to buy weapons. As a means of tightening her grip around the Gulf States as a whole and Kuwait in particular, America inspired Saddam to extend the scope of the war to the Gulf waters as well. Therefore Iraqi war planes started to bomb Iranian oil tankers in the Persian Gulf and Iran retaliated by attacking any oil tankers sailing in the Gulf, especially those heading towards Kuwait because she used to supply money and logistic help to Saddam Hussain. At this moment the fears of the Gulf States, including Kuwait, intensified which led her to accept the concept of allowing American flags to be placed on her oil tankers especially over the commercial ships which were sailing to and from her seaports. America deemed this initiative as encouraging but not sufficient. Therefore she planned a host of other initiatives in order to increase the fear of Kuwait in the hope that she would surrender to America completely. These measures undertaken by America were reflected in Saddam Hussain's surrendering of Al-Faw to Iran in a lightening military operation that lasted one single night. ...read more.

Conclusion

a plan in collaboration with al-Bakr, who was still President of the Republic, to stage a coup led by Hardan at Tikriti who had previously been forced to flee iraq by the American agents. Hardam came to Kuwait and he started to prepare himself in order to move to Baghdad. At the 11th hour however, the Americans found out about the reasons of his presence in Kuwait and while Hardan was undergoing medical tests in one of the hospitals in Kuwait, an Iraqi assassination squad intercepted him , killed him and fled to the Iraqi Embassy. The rules of diplomatic immunity meant that that the Kuwaitis could not arrest the assassins. Ironically the killers of Al-Tikriti accompanied his coffin in the same plane that took him to Baghdad without the Kuwaiti authorities being able to touch them at all despite the diplomatic humiliation they had just inflicted upon Kuwait. This is Saddam Hussain,and this is the role that he played in serving his masters the Americans at the expense of this Ummah's children and at the expense of his country, without taking any heed from other collaborators before him and without realising that the role of the collaborators - no matter how long it takes - will come to an end either at the hands of his masters or at the hands of others. The story of Saddam Hussain serves as a lesson to the Ummah and America should realise that despite all her might she would not have succeeded in achieving her aims in the Muslim lands had it not been for the presence of the likes of Saddam as rulers in these countries. The Islamic Ummah should also realise that these rulers, if they stay in power, it is because she is neglecting her duty. It is she who should decide whether she remains under the influence of the Kuffar or whether she wants to liberate herself by eradicating their agents from her lands. 28th Shaaban 1418 AH 28th December 1997 CE ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To What Extent Have The Attempts For A Palestinian State Been Blocked By The ...

    The partnership between itself and Israel is one on mutual acceptance that Israel should have enough security to sustain its existence, and in doing so diplomatically makes sure that Israel can do as it wishes if it complies with the US as an American presence in the Middle East.

  2. "Keep the dogs hungry, they will follow you". Such was in essence, the ruling ...

    But a triple menace threatened the Sultan: - In Dhofar, the Marxist rebels of the Liberation Front of Dhofar vicrtually controlled the hills, mountains and even the small coastal villages.

  1. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    Settlement expanded widely from the coastal beachheads of the 17th century into back-country regions with profoundly divergent ways of life. Several non-English ethnic groups migrated to the British colonies in large numbers during the 18th century. By 1775, Germans, who settled primarily in the Middle Colonies but also in the back-country South, numbered about 250,000.

  2. The United Nations and the Iraq Conflict

    Nonetheless, throughout the entire process of discussing, understanding and resolving an issue the Council is usually turned into a puppet-like framework in which, due to the reasons explained below, is often tainted by the hidden agenda of the UN's sovereign member states.

  1. From rebellion through rivalries to reformation

    The party as such stands explicitly for private property. However, we support the passing of a law for the expropriation of land for communal purposes without compensation when deemed necessary for land illegally acquired, or not administered in accordance with the national welfare.

  2. History of the United States

    19, 1781. The fighting, effectively, was over. In September 1783 the Treaty of Paris secured American independence on generous terms. The new nation was given an immense domain that ran westward to the Mississippi River (except for Britain's Canadian colonies and East and West Florida, which reverted to Spanish rule).

  1. To what extent did the reasons for and the nature of American and Soviet ...

    water ports on the open sea, a desire to limit Western access to the region?s oil resources, and a determination to eliminate Western influence by destroying alliances, particularly The Baghdad Pact of 1955, the CENTO Pact of 1956, and the more loosely aligned Islamic Alliance of 1966.

  2. Was the role of external forces more a source for stability than instability in ...

    and the Protocol of Sevres. Egypt though militarily defeated, they gained a political victory as they managed to stir up Arab anti-west and anti-Israel nationalism throughout pan-Arabism. Cold War was a major contributing factor in the conflict from 1956 to 1973 as the superpowers jockeyed for influence, resources and strategic gain.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work