• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The survival of the tsars regime in Russia between 1906 and 1914 was due to the weaknesses of its opponents. How far would you agree with this?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The survival of the tsar?s regime in Russia between 1906 and 1914 was due to the weaknesses of its opponents. How far would you agree with this? On the advice of Stolypin, the Tsar grudgingly introduced some reforms in industry, agriculture and education. This strengthened his position because it appeased the masses, causing opposition parties to lose popularity and decreasing calls for revolution. He had previously introduced the October Manifesto, dividing the opposition and giving the illusion of reform, yet used the Fundamental Laws of 1906 to maintain his autocracy. The Fundamental Laws declared ?Supreme Autocratic Power? belonged to the tsar which simultaneously weakened the opposition and strengthened the tsarist regime. The tsar did allow the creation of a Duma but placed so many limitations upon it. The structure of the Duma was carefully considered, so as to weaken the power of the parties in it. It was bi-cameral with an elected lower house and a state council mostly appointed by the tsar. The 2nd chamber could veto so deprived the elected duma of any real power. ...read more.

Middle

This deprived the revolutionaries of mass peasant support thus cementing tsarist power. The creation of Kulaks, rich peasants, also weakened the opposition. The Land Bank was established to provide funds for the independent peasant to buy their land. This aimed to create a layer of prosperous peasants that would block forces of revolution. It partly succeeded. This social transformation drained the strength out of the revolutionary support, helping to maintain tsarism. Although the opposition was weak, Stolypin?s policy of repression also helped the tsarist regime survive. Martial law was proclaimed and military courts were used to quell disturbances. Between 1906 and 1911, there were over 2500 executions and the hangman?s noose became known as ?Stolypin?s necktie.? This illustrates how the tsar was firmly in control and that it was not just the weaknesses of his opponents that meant the tsarist regime survived for so long. The survival of the tsar?s regime was also helped by the partial economic recovery caused by the end of the war with Japan and the Tsar?s reforms. ...read more.

Conclusion

Yet neither was appreciated by the tsar despite the fact that, without them, tsarism would have been more likely to fail. The weakness of the opposition wasn?t the only factor that enabled the tsar to secure power. Initially, the outbreak of WW1 in 1914 actually benefitted the tsarist regime. Firstly, the Duma showed its support for the tsar by calling for its own suspension during the war, illustrating how the Duma was like putty in the tsar?s hands. Another reason being, that the Bolsheviks were vilified as traitors for being anti-war so many, Lenin included, were forced to leave the country. Thus weakening their influence within Russia and allowing the tsarist regime to survive. The key to the tsar?s survival was his clever use of tactics. In the heat of the crisis he granted political and economic concessions in order to appease opponents. Then once he had regained control he began to suppress the opposition once more. This is primarily seen by the publication of the Fundamental Laws of 1906 and the use of the Okhrana. Lulling the opposing parties into a false sense of security weakened them. This helped the tsarist regime survive. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how the effects of the First World War caused the collapse of the ...

    4 star(s)

    Thousands of tones of butter, meat and grain rotted while people went hungry. Russia fell into chaos. The Russian people blamed this wartime government for all their problems. When the Duma president, Rodzianko, called for a new government to deal with all these problems and because the capital was in

  2. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    Ordensburgen(castles of youth)- Worthy youths could progress to these castles of order where their training as future political and military leaders was completed. They were housed in castles which held 1,000 students ranging from 25 to 30 years of age.

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    * Eventually, the term 'Stalinism' was created by one of Stalin's toadies, Lazar Kaganovich, although his leader never used the term, as far as we know, he always referred to himself as a Marxist-Leninist. D: The Making of a Superpower The Great Patriotic War * In August 1939 Stalin made

  2. How Successful Were The Agrarian Reforms of Stolypin 1906 - 1914?

    another revolution, Nicholas II believed that the farmers would support him as they wouldn?t want their status to change or for their wealth to decrease. One of success within this reform was that the Kulaks consolidated their land which meant land was more likely to be awarded to them as they were seen to be more likely to succeed.

  1. How far was Mussolinis ability to secure and increase his power in the period ...

    not agree with any terms or incriminate Mussolini as the instigator of the Matteotti murder, resulting in the Aventine Secession, a fatal error: members of the Socialist left the Italian Chamber in masses, only to create more space for PNF party members, sympathisers of Mussolini, further securing his power and

  2. How far was Mussolinis ability to secure and increase his power in the period ...

    This was clearly designed to secure a Fascist parliamentary majority, but was passed because of the intimidating presence of Blackshirts during the debate. This shows how the political opposition to the Fascists was weak, as they allowed themselves to be manipulated into agreeing to Mussolini?s demands.

  1. Assess the View that Nicholas II survived the Revolution of 1905 mainly because of ...

    Most of the population lived in the West and with a large Locomotive network to Vladivostok, but it?s didn?t go beyond, so there is a lack of connection to different places in Russia. In 1905 this large Locomotive line would come in useful as Troops from the east would return west to crush the revolt.

  2. How significant was Piotr Stolypin in attempting to strengthen Tsarism between 1906 and 1911?

    cabinet, with collective responsibility and to amalgamate central and local government, including peasant institutions, into a single unified system but failed to do so as it would mean there would be opposition . P. Florenskii-Ikonostas stated that Stolypin wasn?t trying to limit the monarchs authority, but giving that authority ?a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work