• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'The three great quarrels of region, class and church caused the Spanish Civil War.' Discuss.

Extracts from this document...


The Spanish Civil War Essay 1. 'The three great quarrels of region, class and church caused the Spanish Civil War.' Discuss. Eventually the Spanish Civil War was a battle between two quite evenly matched sides, the more right wing fascists who had the support of the wealthy latifundios, church and noblemen against the moderate to leftwing communists and anarchists who got their support from the working class and the more rural and impoverished areas of Spain. It where then the hostilities and differences between the two sides which trace back to the quarrels of region, class and church that caused such a violent civil war to break out in 1936. While the regional disputes deeply angered the military, the struggle over class and church irritated the landowners and clergy. These three powerful groups then saw no possibility other than a violent coup to prevent the ever more popular left from making irreversible changes. However, though the internal quarrels account for a major part of the Civil war, the external factors which did play a role in the causing of the Spanish Civil war may certainly not be forgotten. The quarrel over class was one very important to the cause of the Civil War. ...read more.


As a theme of discontent, regionalism had been a constant problem dating back four centuries prior to the Spanish Civil War. Both in the northern Basque region and in Catalonia, language and local traditions had set them apart from the rest of Spain and the central government was regarded with a special distrust. Naturally, Basque and Catalonian nationalism and their demands for autonomy led to violent conflict as the military, which saw it as their duty to keep Spain united, resisted these demands. This is why in 1919-23 alone, more then 700 political assassinations were committed in Catalonia alone. There for it was understandable the military and Nationalists were highly irritated when Catalonia was granted autonomy in August of 1931. Just as with the Second Republic's social reforms, the regional conflict only deteriorate after the reforms with an attempted coup by Jos� Sanjurjo in 1932, specifically in protest against the grant of Catalonian autonomy. Eventually, the regional quarrels comprised much of the violence and Hostility that led to the coup of 1936 and the outburst of the Spanish Civil War. The quarrel over the role of the Church in Spain, was an additional problem that further led to division, violence and general discontent among the population. ...read more.


This is why in the short term it was due to the help of Hitler and Mussolini, who helped Franco's Army of Africa cross over into Spain, and allow the coup was to take occur in the first place. If the Army of Africa had not been involved the coup might have totally failed and not have led to the breakout of a civil war. Though the three major quarrels between class, region and church were the major reasons for the Spanish Civil War of 1936 one must certainly not forget the role the outside influences played in the buildup towards war. Nevertheless, the three quarrels created such intense hostility and division between the Nationalist and Republican side that by 1936 a civil war seemed like the only solution to the ever growing problem. The polarization of politics by 1936 had destroyed nearly all of the center parties can be traced directly back to the three quarrels over class, region and church. While the quarrels over class and region greatly angered the Latitifundistas and military the attack on the church outraged the clergy and church supporters. It was then finally when all three joined forces to overthrow the Republic, the Spanish Civil War was born. Gregory Bell December 1, 2003 HL History 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To what extent did the foreign intervention influence the outcome of the Spanish Civil ...

    These tensions and differences between them prevented the left from presenting a united front against their enemies on the right, unlike the right, which had coherent aims and especially the "overwhelming influence of Franco" according to Lee. Moreover, the many crosscurrents in Spain complicated the main issues.

  2. Why did civil war break out in Spain in 1936?

    On the one hand, there were the liberal middle classes who wanted to modernize Spain and turn it into a democracy5 in order for it to prosper into the twentieth century. On the other hand, was the conservative nationalists represented by the Church, the army and many large landowners and industrialists.

  1. What were the causes and consequences of Italy's involvement in the Spanish Civil War?

    If he could not maintain this then his career as leader of Italy would be cut short, Mussolini saw the SCW as an opportunity to provide Italy with the wealth that comes from winning a war be it territorial wealth or wealth in terms of money.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    In a worrying development Palestinian guerrillas started launching Grad and Katusha missiles against Israel proper from south Lebanon, this was in breach of agreements established between Israel and Lebanon. Israel vowed a "cruel response" if Hizbollah and Palestinian attacks from Lebanon did not stop and blamed Syria for the escalation.

  1. The Spanish Civil War

    Franco manipulated his way to the top of the nationalist hierarchy by making several key propaganda moves. He had long been associated with the restoration of the Church, and his important role as commander of the foreign legion had happened as its founder, General Mill�n Astray believed him "God's emissary".

  2. American History.

    - Washington first tried to stay out it all, but ended up staying for another term in 1792 in the hope of promoting unity. But it got more complicated when issues in foreign affairs further divided the two camps. *The French Revolution and Foreign Affairs* - In 1789 most Americans

  1. ‘In origins andoutcome, the Spanish Civil War was a Spanish and not a European ...

    Anarchism became the principal power within the Spanish working class, converting all to the belief that 'freedom and mutual aid were the only foundation of a naturally ordered society'5. The establishment of the CNT (anarcho-syndicalist movement) illustrates the politically aware masses who welcomed the restructuring of society centred on self-managed industry and agriculture.

  2. American Civil War (1861-1865).

    On July 2, the Confederates withdrew to Richmond, ending the Peninsular Campaign. Union General John Pope suffered defeated at the second battle of Bulls Run on August 29-30. General Fitz John Porter was held responsible for the defeat because he had failed to commit his troops to battle quickly enough: he was forced out of the army by 1863.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work