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The U.S.A in Vietnam Sources Question

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History Assignment 1 James Foyle Question 1: The USA had been indirectly involved in Vietnam before 1954, They had helped the Vietminh against the Japanese during world war two by sending supplies to them, they had also funded the French war effort when they were trying to regain control of Vietnam after the war. The USA had wanted France to rule over Vietnam, as they could not afford another country in south East Asia to fall to communism, this was because of American presidents believed in the domino theory, if more countries in Asia fell then there was a good chance that more would follow, and the whole continent would become communist. America being capitalist would then be more at threat. In 1954 the French withdrew from Vietnam after loosing 16000 of its troops at the battle of Dien Bien Phu. The USA, Britain, the Soviet Union and France decided that Vietnam would be split in two, north and south. The north would be ruled by Ho Chi Minh. Ho was a Vietnamese Nationalist and had grown up wanting Vietnam to be independent. At 21 he travelled around the world and settled in France where he became a Communist. ...read more.


This was the most direct involvement they had had so far. In May 1965 General Westmoreland asked Johnson for 180000 men to stop Vietnam from falling to communism, Johnson agreed to give him all the troops he needed. America was totally set on preventing Communism spreading to Vietnam. Question 2: During the Vietnam War there were two types of warfare: Conventional and Guerrilla. The Untied states used conventional warfare. This was the type of warfare that they were used to fighting, the type that had been used in most other wars, for example in world war two conventional warfare was used and America was not used to any other way of fighting. In a conventional warfare the armies wear uniforms and fight large open battles. Because the Vietcong were severely outnumbered and out gunned by the USA troops they had to find another way to fight and win. The way they chose was Guerrilla warfare. This method of fighting is especially geared around fighting an enemy stronger than your self. It was developed from the Japanese warlord Sun Tzu's art of war. Its name is from the Spanish meaning "little war". ...read more.


This made things more stressful for America because they now had the public to contend with as well as political opponents trying to get into presidency by sharing the views of the people. On the 31st of January the Viet Cong launched a large-scale assault on over 100 South Vietnamese towns and cities with 70,000 soldiers. There was even an attack on the US embassy in Saigon. This was known as the TET offensive and it was a major turning point during the war. Although in military terms it was a huge defeat for the Viet Cong loosing over 37,000 soldiers compared to the 2500 Americans. They also lost most of the targets they held within three days. However politically it was a great victory. It showed the American public what the VC were capable of and that they were not likely to win the war. It showed the seemingly inexhaustible supplies of troops that the NLF had. The secretary of defence told Johnson that America was not likely to win this war, and later in the month the president announced on television that he was reducing the air raids and wanted to reach a negotiated peace. When the American troops finally withdrew North Vietnam had no trouble defeating the South Vietnamese army and the whole country fell to communism. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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