• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The underlying causes of the 1905 Revolution in Russia were not political. Whatever else the revolutionaries wanted, it was not the overthrow of the Tsar. How far do you agree with this claim?

Extracts from this document...


6. ?The underlying causes of the 1905 Revolution in Russia were not political. Whatever else the revolutionaries wanted, it was not the overthrow of the Tsar.? How far do you agree with this claim? ? Winter 2008 The key issue in this question is the underlying causes of the 1905 revolution and to what extent they were political. The Bloody Sunday might sound like a conspiracy among revolutionaries to overthrow the Tsar, but further examination of the event will reveal the underlying causes of the 1905 revolution. Even Father Gapon, head of the Assembly of Russian Factory and Mill Workers, the man who had led the demonstration only represented the workers demanding for the socioeconomic reforms. They were not political demands. The crowds carried the Tsar and the Tsarina icons depicted that they had no intention to overthrow the Tsar. However, without any doubt, the disappointment and frustration among the Russian population had resulted in the revolution. First of all, the main cause of the revolution was the poor socioeconomic condition in Russia. ...read more.


Furthermore, the defective foreign policies had lessened the support for the Tsardom. In order to gain support and lessen opposition at home, Nicholas II sought after victories in war. The Russo-Japanese war was the biggest chance to rally the nationalism among Russian population. Nonetheless, due to miscalculation, Russia suffered humiliating defeat. Forces were too ill equipped and poorly trained. The Baltic fleet and the Potemkin mutiny revealed the incompetence of the armies, the navy and the Tsar himself as the ruler. Although military reforms had been undertaken after the loss in Crimean War, the incompetency of the Tsar had resulted in failure to bring significant changes in the military forces. This encouraged Russian to discredit autocracy. Without any doubt, loss in the war and the Baltic fleet had resulted in the spread of dissatisfaction among middle class and armies. Although these facts proved the weaknesses of the Tsar as a ruler, he had never lost the support from the armies during the 1905 revolution. In fact, the revolutionaries were suppressed by the troops themselves and the revolution ended. Additionally, the revolution was the result of the defect of the Tsardom. ...read more.


On one hand, the group of Liberals including the populists and the Menshevik had no intention to overthrow the Tsar. They only wanted the establishment of constitutional monarchy. On the other hand, the radicals consisting of Nihilists, Marxist, Social Revolutionary Party and the Bolshevik wanted the revolution. They believe in the efficacy of political terror and spectacular political assassinations; their victims including two ministers and one prime minister. Political opposition to autocracy was not, however, the monopoly of the extreme left. Majority of the population ? the peasants and the workers ? did not even care about the political concerns. What is more, the demonstrators were led by a priest, who believed in the principle of orthodoxy, supporter of the autocracy; he would never have the intention or thought of overthrowing the Tsar. It was merely a demonstration demanding for reforms. Without any doubt, the October Manifesto did prove the existence of the political pressures on the Tsardom, yet the socioeconomic issues were the major reasons that drove people to revolt against the government. Therefore, I largely believe that the underlying causes of the 1905 revolution were not political. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Major Causes of French Revolution

    4 star(s)

    Although it brought, democratic ideals France didn't become a democracy. The Revolution was generated by a vast complex of causes, most important of which was the inability of the ruling classes of nobility, clergy and bourgeoisie to come to grips with the problems of state, the unstable nature of the

  2. To what extent was Tsar Nicholas II saved by making concessions in the 1905 ...

    Another contribution to why the Tsar succeeded is the questionable nature of the revolution - whether it really was one or not. It could be argued that it was not a revolution because there were no fundamental changes in the political and social fabric of Russia - the old autocratic order remained and was largely intact.

  1. How far was the Russian Japanese war of 1905 the cause of the 1905 ...

    Due to harsh living conditions and again, the fact that the Trans-Siberian Railway had not been completed then, the plan was unsuccessful. Such plans continued to enrage the peasants and exposed the weaknesses of the Government. The urban proletariat was also an emerging class in Russia.

  2. Operation Barbarossa - Causes and Consequences

    Hitler had great expectations, and predicted the USSR would be beaten within six months. All the Nazis were very confident they would be successful, having seen the weaknesses of Stalin's army in Finland and Poland. Goebbels records in his diary how he expected a quick victory -: 'The Fuhrer thinks the action will take 4 months.

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    Images of him were everywhere. * His birthday was a national celebration. Cities were renamed after him. When he spoke applause lasted for many, many minutes - no one wanted to be the first to stop applauding! The strengths and weaknesses of the USSR on the eve of war in

  2. Rasputin had such an influence over the Tsar and Tsaritsa because the Tsarevich suffered ...

    In 1905 the army saved the Tsars Government by remaining loyal to him so that the demonstrators could be controlled. However in the spring in 1917 both the police and the soldiers joined the demonstrators to get rid of the Tsar.

  1. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    He writes the following at one point in State and Revolution: Until the "higher" phase of communism arrives, the socialists demand the strictest control by society and by the state over the measure of labour and the measure of consumption; but this control must start with the expropriation of the

  2. "The 1905 Revolution transformed the autocracy". Assess the validity of this view of Russia ...

    For instance, the mutiny of the sailors on the Battleship Potemkin directly blamed the Tsar for defeat in the Russo-Japanese war. This was the first time the Tsar's moral authority had been put in doubt, and showed the first few initial signs of the loyalty of the armed forces starting to waver.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work