• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Vietnam War

Extracts from this document...


Jack Webdale Holsworthy-CC Centre no: 54131 Cand. no: 7139 GCSE History Coursework The Vietnam War In 1862, Vietnam became part of the French Empire, due to the popularity of exploring and colonising in this era, after nearly a thousand years of being an independent and free country. Before this time, up to 983AD, they had been part of the Chinese Empire, and so culture and way of life would still have been strongly influenced at the time. All this time, the Vietnamese people were used to the independence of their country, and when the French took this away from them, the citizens must have disliked the French. Schools and University's were established and the students were educated about the French, attempting to create loyal citizens to the French Empire. However, as this information was given to them, some students began to question the French right of control over Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh was one of these students. The Students eventually caused a resistance to the French, and at this point, the U.S took notice. China was already Communist, and they were extremely worried already that communism would spread further south taking Vietnam in it's sphere of influence, and moving quickly down to new Zealand and Australia, taking any other country in it's path. This was later known as the Domino theory, basically meaning if one country falls, the next will also fall, as the communism spreads. ...read more.


As the main aim of the U.S was to prevent the spread of communism, it was always important to keep involved and make sure that a general election and other causes do not ruin their efforts. The U.S decided it was best not to send a large force to Vietnam, as the American public was becoming unhappy with this tactic after the war in South Korea. So instead they sent a small group of Military advisors In June 1954. This consisted of a twelve-man team who were attempting to change the way the communists were spreading. It was becoming more aware that the U.S was increasingly involved in Vietnam. These twelve men launched a propaganda campaign, similar to the one in WW2 between Germany and Britain. Their aim was to mislead the public into believing the communist leaders were an unwise choice in the election, to ensure that the country would no reunite as a communist country. They also collected figures, showing that Vietnam was going through an economical miracle under his rule. Finally, they began to train the South Vietnamese army (ARVN), and it was coming clear that there would eventually be open warfare between the two sides. Kennedy's intention of putting Diem in control of South Vietnam was to have him as a puppet leader, having him take action under strong influence of the U.S. ...read more.


The war for America had ended, and they withdrew their troops and had their prisoners of war returned. However, even with America gone, the war continued between the NLF and the South Vietnam army, and the U.S continued to give aid to the ARVN, as they still wanted to stop communists taking over. Around 1975, America was convinced that the war was over for them. South Vietnam fell to communism after much fighting, but the spread did not continue as the Domino Theory explained. Evaluating the U.S involvement with the Vietnam War, I think it was mostly unjustified and the decisions made by the U.S were too rushed, and not properly thought out. Too many mistakes were made in my opinion. They got involved mainly to stop communism, and did this by filling the gap France had left when she withdrew; They kept involved by giving aid to South Vietnam, and they tried to support Diem the best they could through his mistakes and the Buddhist protests and while he was undermined by Ho Chi Minh. The U.S was far too worried about the spread of communism, and did not think about other possibilities that could have happened in the communist spread. I also believe they took too many drastic measures to prevent communism spreading, like killing the Vietnam citizens and flattening forests, while losing thousands of their own soldiers in the process. Overall, I think it was a historical disaster for the America. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Vietnam War was a war of communism against Capitalism. The North of Vietnam ...

    The VC were trying to show that they would never give up fighting until the war was won. This was a big attempt to try to get America to take their soldiers out of Vietnam. Though the Americans saw this as a success for them the VC also saw it as being successful in their favour.

  2. Introduction - US policy to Southeast Asia in general

    communism, for inextricably linking Ho with the USSR and subsequently seeing his organisation as Soviet-controlled and with wider, more sinister aims beyond Vietnamese nationalism. Herring: 'The administration refused to do anything to facilitate a communist triumph in Indochina' so, for the first three years of the Indochina war, 'the United

  1. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    It was very clear then that that would be our next step." The Viet Minh were fighting as a unified force, fighting for what they believed their country deserves; independence and freedom from this ongoing war and colonisation battle between foreign countries.

  2. While surfing the channels on TV you might hear a lot of news about ...

    The plans were to blow up the UN building, the Holland and Lincoln tunnels, the FBI building. I think there were others on the list. Well, they sort of got part way, but not all the way. One person who is jailed for that, finally, among the people who were

  1. Critically analyse the Vietnam War in 1963

    They realized if Vietnam was allowed to be a communist country, then soon this might influence the other South East Asian countries to be communist too. The newly-established Republic of Vietnam, set up in the South under the Catholic aristocrat Ngo Dinh Diem, was increasingly supported by United States money and expertise.

  2. Rationality, Educated Opinion and Peace

    rule of reason that every man, ought to endeavour peace, as far as he has hope of obtaining it; and when he cannot obtain it, that he may seek, and use all helps, and advantages of war Carr comments, to the same effect, that although war is undesirable, it is

  1. The Vietnam War

    The Vietnamese forced him out in 1945. Following WWII, from 1946 to 1954, the French made a determined effort to regain their former colonial possession. By late 1950, the French military was in a chaotic state. Troops were demoralized and their leaders were ineffective. The final defeat came at Dien Bien Phu on May 8, 1954 at

  2. American History.

    POV by stressing a return to traditional moral values [no more alcohol]. - But by 1808 the pair, encouraged by the alliance-eager British to resist American land claims, was talking more about American aggression than about religion. Tecumseh took over and began traveling about to unify Indians in resistance against the Americans.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work