• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The weaknesses of the Left Opposition were responsible for Stalins victory in the Soviet leadership battle by 1929. Discuss.

Extracts from this document...


Patrick Murphy, 12ps33 The weaknesses of the Left Opposition were responsible for Stalin's victory in the Soviet leadership battle by 1929. 24 marks By the late 1920s Stalin was well on the way to achieving power. Stalin was very cunning, he managed to try and make himself look like a bit of an outsider in the leadership battle. However, he was actually determined to be the leader playing all of his opposition against each other. He managed to use the party policy to his own advantage, meaning that it was easier for him to advance to the leader. The left of the party was not as consistent as the centre or the right, there was more disagreements amongst the left than any other side of the Bolshevik party. This relates back to its leadership, meaning that it did not seem as strong as any other wing of the Bolshevik party. By Stalin staying quite central within the party, it meant people from both beliefs could empathise with some of what Stalin had to say. The Right of the party wanted the NEP to continue for another 20 years, they thought that this meant the Russia was allowed to grown into a rich enough state to recover to 1913 levels of productivity and from there start to do even better. ...read more.


It also made him quite unpopular on the politburo too. Trotsky did not properly understand that Stalin was such a threat, linking to his arrogance. He thought that he alone would be leader and that he would not have to worry about opposition. In Russia at this time, there were a lot of anti-Jewish feelings by the public. They were not ready to see a Jewish leader. This made him unpopular on the politburo, having the support of the politburo would really assist him in the leadership battle, but seeing as though Stalin had more support from within the politburo this is a significant reason why. He failed to understand that in order to launch an attack a power base is essential and Trotsky failed to build one - even after Lenin's suggestion in December 1922 that they build a 'bloc against bureaucratism in general and the Orgburo in particular'. Trotsky's attack on Kamenev and Zinoviev in 1924 in his Lessons of October convinced them of their need to fear him and made an alliance with Stalin more likely. Zinoviev and Kamenev attacked Trotsky's authority; Stalin refused to get involved in the heated debates and therefore kept his reputation intact. ...read more.


Bukharin stood no chance against someone of Stalin's ability - especially when he was so pro-peasant. Stalin raised concerns over his thought and managed to get Bukharin kicked out of the central committee in 1929. In conclusion, I would say that although the failure of the Left opposition is not the sole reason for Stalin's success it was a very major factor to put into consideration. It was Stalin that made sure that it was not successful; he did not allow Trotsky supporters voting roles, meaning more people would be likely to support him. He managed to use concerns about the left / right to get opposition kicked out of the central committee and the politburo. A lot had to do with the personal weaknesses of the individuals too, Trotsky did not realise that Stalin was actually an untrustworthy enemy due to his arrogance and self-confidence. Zinoviev and Kamenev did not recognise that Stalin was so important. However, the most important reason is that Stalin had better political power and he could apply this better. Lenin's legacy the he left Stalin behind helped him gain victory too. He could use his power from the central committee and the politburo to make necessary allegiances. Trotsky did not have the party power that Stalin did to make such moves. The other opposition were ultimately too naive to the plans Stalin had in mind. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How far did the achievements of Stalin's economic modernisation programme justify the costs?

    The GULAG inmates were worked to death either by starvation or exhaustion. Workers had to work severely long hours at very low wages. Millions of 'enemies of the state' and 'kulaks' were used in order to fuel this industrialisation with them being treated as slaves.

  2. How successful were Stalin's economic policies?

    Skilled workers were also given higher wages in order to encourage more workers to acquire the skills needed to improve productivity. However, the workers receiving these benefits were very much in the minority. For the majority, working conditions were incredibly harsh, with the plans requiring workers to devote all their energies to achieving targets.

  1. Stalins leadership was the most significant reason for the Soviet victory over Germany in ...

    to Stalin however the church had already been involved in the war before Stalin's attempt at an official reconciliation but this relaxed attitude to the orthodox church definitely boosted his own image within propaganda. Many of the church leader's did look up to Stalin seeing him as 'the God-chosen leader

  2. How was Stalin able to defeat both his left and right opponents?

    Lenin had previously introduced a ban on factionalism to aid the NEP policy. Stalin used this to great effect in the 20's as all his opponents he could brand factionalists and thus have them tried. This helped him as he was constantly surrounding himself with supporters and expelling enemies.

  1. 'Stalin's leadership was the most significant reason for Soviet victory over Germany in the ...

    Furthermore there was an economic crisis in 19424, as a lot of money was being spent, but Russia was hardly getting any money. However Stalin was able to get over these losses with American lend-lease. But the USSR also had a shortage of skilled labour because it was the men

  2. "The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust" How valid is this assessment ...

    the Ghettos and extermination camps already housed hundreds of thousands of ?undesirables?, making the establishments extremely over-crowded, especially the Ghettos in particular. Huge numbers of people were being moved in order to suit the needs of the Nazi party. This again, is an important factor in the history of the

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Subject to mood swings. 5. Seriously underestimated his opponents. Lev Kamenev: Sent into exile in Siberia at the settlement where Stalin was exiled. He returned to Petrograd in 1917, where he allied with Zinoviev in opposing Lenin?s wishes for an uprising against the Provisional government, on the grounds that the Bolshevik party did not have enough support.

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    From 1925 the Kulaks could hire people to work for them. Also, private trde and traders were allowed (NEP men.)Lenin called the heavy industry and transport the ��commanding heights of the economy��. Businessmen could take advantage of the situation because they could set up small, privetely own factories and workshops.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work