• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Their use of terror was the main reason that the Nazis retained control in Germany after 1933. How far do you agree?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Jack Pettitt Their use of terror was the main reason that the Nazi?s retained control in Germany after 1933. How far do you agree? The main reason the Nazi?s retained control in Germany after 1933 was because they used intimidation and terror to maintain constant control. The SS gained authority who intimidated and stamped out all opposition under the power of Hitler, showing great force running a terror state with the help of using threatening propaganda to extend the Nazi rule. In this essay I will explain and evaluate the different methods that contributed to the Nazis retaining control including, Gleichschaltung, the role of indoctrination and attempts to control all of people?s lives, the benefits of the Nazi rule but prove that terror was the main reason why the Nazis retained control and extended its influence. Nazi terror was the best political weapon as nothing drove the German people harder than the fear of sudden death or to be kept as prisoners in a concentration camp under the policy of extermination. The Nazis controlled the German people through fear mainly using the SS and Gestapo (secret police) to investigate and arrest people without trial who threatened their regime since Himmler controlled all the police in each state. As Hitler granted the SS with brutal power to stamp out all opposition, it intimidated the German people spreading fear and forcing people to support the Nazi regime. ...read more.

Middle

eliminated the role and influence of the churches, the army and big businesses which Gleichschaltung failed to have a strong impact on. Overall, the policy it did not go far enough to effectively have a strong impact on all major elements in the German infrastructure and although it helped and contributed to Hitler?s retained power, it shows that it was not the most important reason as terror and fear prevented any opposition due to the brutal methods Hitler ordered to abolish opposition. Volsgemeinschaft was the vaguest element of Nazi ideology sprouted from the political ideology of National Socialism. It extended as a movement aimed to transform German society. The role of indoctrination is another contributing factor to how the Nazis retained their control as Volksgemeinschaft aimed to overcome the old German divisions of class, religion and politics and to bring about a new collective national identity by encouraging people to work together. As this ideology was enhanced by many ways including changing the education system by teaching and brainwashing people under Nazi ideology, principles and ethos and removing politically unreliable individuals such as Jewish teachers, it gave Hitler more strength which contributed to the reason why the Nazis retained control in Germany. By changing and adapting the curricula and syllabuses to fit in with the Nazi Aryan ideal, Hitler indoctrinated the entire nation into believing Nazi ideology so he would gain more support and power. ...read more.

Conclusion

People were attacked and murdered by the Nazis for being Jewish or for being homosexual and others, such as teachers, lost their jobs if they refused to teach children about Hitler and Nazi ideology. People had their rights including freedom of speech taken away from them and those who spoke against Hitler would be reported on by a network of spies and put into prison by the Gestapo. Overall although some people definitely benefitted from Nazi control, it is clear that people felt under total control of Hitler as they were yet again living in fear due to their freedom of speech being limited. Their brutal regimes and intimidation also explains the reduced unemployment as Jews were fired and replaced with Germans, women were fired and replaced with men and men also had to either join the army or public works schemes. Therefore, terror and fear is the most important reason the Nazis retained control because In conclusion, after assessing all the factors that contributed to their retained control, terror and fear were the most important reasons why the Nazi?s retained control in Germany. Terror was undoubtedly the best political weapon as nothing drove society harder than the fear of sudden death or brutal methods to punish people who threatened Nazi ideology. This was enforced by the SS and the Gestapo, who created an atmosphere of fear, forcing people to support Hitler. Also, their use of clever propaganda techniques indoctrinated the nation into Nazi ideology, also spreading fear amongst any possible opposition. Therefore, terror was the most important reason why the Nazi?s retained control in Germany. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To What Extent was fear of the Gestapo and the SS the main reason ...

    4 star(s)

    as the Gestapo had been found to only have around 40,000 men for the whole of Germany and most of their work was prompted by public informers. So the Gestapo was certainly not as important to Hitler's success as the SS.

  2. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    II. ESTABLISHMENT OF AUTHORITARIAN AND SINGLE PARTY STATES A. Methods: force, legal Hitler's Methods of Establishing an Authoritarian State - Franz von Papen was the Chancellor of Germany in 1932; however, he had no support in the Reichstag or anywhere for that matter. One of the army generals, Kurt von Schleicher, was appointed Chancellor and replaced von Papen.

  1. Hitler's use of propaganda.

    Such measures naturally required wars, but not for political or economic objectives. Hitler's wars would be fought to win vast stretches of land on which German settlers would raise large families. Eventually the population would have grown sufficiently to provide more soldiers and to conquer more land.

  2. In the years 1933 " 1945 the German Churches supported and collaborated with the ...

    This attempt to control the Protestant had failed and produced an extreme group opposing Nazism, and Hitler distanced himself from Bishop Muller. Following the unfavourable of his attempt to control the Protestant Churches, Hitler recognized that being a stronger-willed and more totalitarian establishment Catholicism would be even more of a challenge to control.

  1. Describe the main forms of opposition to the Nazi regime, 1933 - 1939/Why did ...

    This all meant it was easy for the Nazis to crush any opposition in the form of communism. Another group that opposed the Nazis was the socialist party, the SPD. The SPD were just as ineffective as the communists at opposing Hitler.

  2. Evaluate the Nazis economic policies from 1933 - 1939. To what extent were the ...

    At the outbreak of the war, Germany was virtually "self-sufficient in bread, potatoes, sugar, meat, milk and coarse vegetables"29. The production of motorcars and commercial vehicles in 1938 was remarkable - it doubled the production level in 192830. National income also rose for more than 50% than the pre-depression level31.

  1. Nazi consolidation of power in 1933 was primarily due to their use of violence ...

    Although at the time some believed the Nazis purposely started the fire to support the claims of a communist coup, the Reichstag Fire was significant in the way that it ultimately resulted in the Nazis exploting it to their advantage.

  2. How Important was German Opposition to the Nazis?

    In 1936 at the Opel works, the Nazis crushed the strike within 17 minutes; this shows that little impact was really made by the workers. The 250 strikes in 1937 seems like a lot at first, but in reality they made little impact as workers wanted to keep their jobs regardless of the situation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work