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There are many reasons why the United States withdrew their forces from Vietnam in 1973

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Introduction

Vietnam-History course work There are many reasons why the United States withdrew their forces from Vietnam in 1973. Firstly there are the long term reasons which is the fact that the US was loosing the war and also the media war. Secondly there are the short term reasons which is why the US decided to withdraw their forces from the war. Firstly the long term affects: The war was going badly- the Vietcong were very good at using guerrilla warfare. This is when the Vietcong would set up traps in the woods and hide. This resulted in many American troops dying as the traps were very well hidden and were difficult to find so many troops fell into them. This was because the Americans had never fought by using guerrilla warfare as they were used to using heavy machinery which is used through towns and couldn't be used in the jungle. As it was in the jungle they found it very hard to find their way around as they had no good maps which made it hard for them to find the Vietcong. This gave the American troops a very big disadvantage. ...read more.

Middle

This was due to the media as they revealed pictures of the war which the US thought were horrific and made them see their troops in a bad light. Tet offensive showed the US people that the Vietcong were not a beaten enemy- the Tet offensive was a big risk for the Vietcong as this was when they had to fight the way the Americans did they were also not as well equipped as the Americans. The Vietcong managed to sneak into the main areas controlled by the south government and fight. This was a shock for the government as the Vietcong were fighting in places that were supposed to be protected by the south and the Americans. This shown the US that the Vietcong were not a beaten enemy. South Vietnamese did not want support from the USA. USA failed to win the 'hearts and the minds'-because of all the attacks that the American troops done the south Vietnamese didn't want their support as they didn't like the way they were fighting. Because of the way the American troops were fighting (killing innocent people) it was said that they failed to win the hearts and the minds. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1969 Ho Chi Minh died. This was good news for Nixon as it was said that Ho Chi Minh would have never signed the peace treaty. To bring the war to an end Nixon treid to invade Laos and Cambodia to stop the Vietcong being supplied but this only made the Vietcong a lot less likely to agree to any negotiations so Nixon realised he had to think of a new plan. To make sure that the peace treaty was signed Nixon used heavy bombing to force the North Vietnamese into signing it. Luckily for Nixon his chief negotiator, Henry kissing had negotiated a peace settlement by October 1972 which was just in time for the election. To conclude the reason that the US withdrew their forces from Vietnam in 1973 was because the war was going badly which was because of the low morale which lead to the death of innocent people and the war was then unpopular in the US. This then made a lot of political pressure for Nixon and he realised that in order for him to be elected in the next election he needed to pull troops out of Vietnam by the November election (1972). Nixon was successful as he was re-elected and he managed to make peace and pull out the American troops from Vietnam in 1973. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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