• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

There were many factors behind Elizabeths decision to introduce the Church of England in 1558. These factors include the internal situation, the international situation and Elizabeths own personal beliefs.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Elizabethan Religious Settlement There were many factors behind Elizabeth's decision to introduce the Church of England in 1558. These factors include the internal situation, the international situation and Elizabeth's own personal beliefs. The decision to establish the Church of England resulted in opposition from Catholics and extreme Protestants until 1603 when Elizabeth died, and beyond. The internal situation of England at the time was important for Elizabeth to consider when making her decision, particularly because of the rollercoaster of religion that had taken place. The Elizabethan religious settlement was the country's fourth official change in thirty years. Consequently, many citizens of England would have been in a state of confusion about their national religion. They were unused to permanence of religion and this was not a good thing. Religion in early modern England was a central part of people's daily life. Charles said "people are governed by the pulpit rather than the sword in times of peace." This meant that a lot was resting on Elizabeth's decision, as she needed as many people on her side as possible. She could only achieve this through uniformity in her settlement, as uniformity was believed to be vital in the security of a country. ...read more.

Middle

Doctor Hudson denies the existence of united opposition to Elizabeth and instead presents the idea of a group of Cambridge men with beliefs somewhere between Lutheran and Calvinist. Doctor Hudson traced the relationship between these men in Elizabeth's government and claims that the religious settlement was based on their ideals. These conflicting ideas about the factors that resulted in the Elizabethan Religious Settlement do appear to be confusing, but the widely accepted understanding in the present day is that Elizabeth considered the internal and international situations of England as well as her personal beliefs and ended up with the balanced settlement she wanted. This is backed up simply and concisely by the fact that se certainly resisted any changes to it over the next forty years of her reign. Once Elizabeth imposed her settlement in 1559 with the act of supremacy, the act of uniformity and the 39 articles, it seemed that the settlement was perfectly balanced. To please Catholics, Elizabeth was called the 'Governor' and not the 'Head' of the Church, episcopacy was retained and ministers wore vestments. To please Protestants, Elizabeth ruled the church, the bible and services were in English and communion tables were used instead of altars. ...read more.

Conclusion

A few writers of these were executed. Shortly after this, in 1593, the Conventicle Act made it illegal to belong to a puritan assembly. The Puritans felt comfortable, when the Act of Uniformity was passed, in mocking the Catholic faith. At a procession at the precincts of St Paul's, a printer's apprentice even felt so comfortable as to snatch and smash the procession cross, and then to run off with a figure of Christ, declaring that he was carrying the devil's guts. Both Puritans and Recusants were unhappy with specific details of the settlement and took action to try to change these things. Elizabeth and her government then tightened rules and laws to try to stop this action and there were deaths on both sides. In conclusion, the factors behind Elizabeth's decision were the internal situation, the international situation as well as her personal beliefs. Consideration of these factors resulted in a settlement that Elizabeth was happy with but extremists from both protestant and catholic faiths were not. Puritans and recusants acted out against the settlement in a variety of ways which Elizabeth and her parliament then restricted with laws and regulations. Ultimately, the actions of both sides came to nothing and the settlement remained in place largely unchanged throughout Elizabeth's reign and into James'. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How serious a threat did the Puritans pose to Elizabeth I and her Church?

    4 star(s)

    Warren suggests about his implementation of these harsh measures, it was 'small wonder that such inflexibility and aggression caused uproar' and even suggests that 'he unwittingly gave stimulus to the case for Presbyterianism'. However, Susan Doran contests that these measures were actually useful in destroying Puritanism, and were a serious

  2. To what extent was the Elizabethan Church Settlement of 1559 - 66 motivated more ...

    There was also an order that Church ornamentation be as laid down in the 1549 Prayer Book which pleased the majority of Catholics and made it look like that Elizabeth chose their faith as equally compared to Protestantism. The Black Rubric was completely removed in the Royal Junctions of 1559 which forbade kneeling at communion service.

  1. Asses the Elizabeth's priorities in formulating the Church Settlement of 1559

    Neale came to this view for several reasons. Firstly, he placed considerable weight on the international situation in 1558-59. When Elizabeth came to the throne in November 1558, England was still at war with France. The government did not possess the revenue to continue fighting. Therefore, Elizabeth had to follow a conservative religious policy in order no to upset Catholics at home or abroad.

  2. Examine how Ackroyd presents ideas of originality in the novel 'Chatterton'.

    When admiring Mary's beauty for example, he refers to her as "a giotto" by a great Italian painter prior to the renaissance. This he goes on to change into being an "Otto Runge", a German painter. Interestingly Ackroyd decides to describe Wallis' bookcase, a normal household object that is full of books by and about "Chacer, Boccaccio and Shakespeare".

  1. In what ways did the treatment of the poor stay the same during Elizabeth's ...

    * The first group - The Impotent Poor. These were the people who were poor because of something that couldn't be helped and they had no control over. This included children, crippled, old or the sick. These people might have been given a small amount of food and bits of money taken from the poor rate (the local poor tax).

  2. Elizabethan England How Effective Was Elizabeth's Government.

    She also needed to win the support of her wealthy and powerful. The Queen was the most important member of the court. Elizabeth used patronage, which is the power to appoint people to important jobs. This is how she attracted the loyalty and support of her most important subjects.

  1. 'A religious settlement of her own choosing'. How far is this an accurate view ...

    This slight semantic wrangling appealed to Catholics who saw the Pope as the Head of the Church, and to Protestants who often did not believe any human could be the head of the Church, much less a woman. As Archbishop Heath stated "Her Highness, being a woman by birth and

  2. Identify and explain what affected the power of Elizabeth I between 1558 and 1603. ...

    On the death of Mary and accession of Elizabeth, many Protestants returned from mainland Europe where they had fled under the reign of Mary. They returned in full expectation that they were returning to a state where Protestantism was the one and only tolerated religion.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work