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This essay will attempt to understand for what reasons the Great Britain and France decolonised, and the effects this decolonisation had for those countries decolonised.

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Introduction

Decolonisation In 1945 the Second World War ended, the next thirty years were to see rapid disintegration of the European empires and the creation of many new independent states. This essay will attempt to understand for what reasons the Great Britain and France decolonised, and the effects this decolonisation had for those countries decolonised. At the beginning of end of the Second World War Britain had the largest empire, which spanned the whole of the globe. But in the next thirty years this was dramatically reduced in size. The first country to seek independence from Britain at the end of the Second World War was India. India was seen as the "Jewel in the crown" of the British Empire and was of key significance to Britain. The Indian desire to decolonise had gather momentum at the end of the First World War and by the beginning of the Second World War Britain was forced to recognise Indian independence in return for her support in the Second World War. At the end of the Second World War a Labour government came to power in Britain. They had a different outlook upon the issue of decolonisation. Whereas the conservative government before them were unwilling to decolonise India the Labour government supported decolonisation in the right circumstances. ...read more.

Middle

This speech showed that the Labour Government was perfectly aware that they could not keep their African colonies forever because of the increased political realisation on the part of the Africans. France was another great imperial power who decolonised after the Second World War although her reasons and methods were quite different from Britains. Unlike Britain France had been occupied during the Second World War and a number of her colonies had also they meant they had a different view on the colonies. Whereas the British realised the colonies were beginning to become a burden they French believed they had to re-assert their national prestige by keeping control of their colonies. This may explain why the French experience of decolonisation was so different to Britains. French decolonisation was bloody and bitter whereas Britains was quite peaceful and quite painless. France fought two costly and bloody wars over her colonies. The first of these was in Indo-China, which had been under French rule since the 19th Century. During the Second World War with France occupied the French colonies were open to attack and Indo-China was invaded and occupied by the Japanese. During this time a group called the Vietminh led by Ho Chi Minh fought a guerrilla war against the Japanese. ...read more.

Conclusion

He begun talks for independence and he and the F.L.N. leader signed a settlement in 1962. The major differences between the British and French decolonisations was the method with which they were carried out. The British accepted that they could not keep control of their colonies indefinitely and therefore went about trying to give them independence. The French on the other hand refused to give their colonies independence easily and there had to be major bloodshed before they would consider it. In conclusion it can be said that decolonisation occurred for a number of different reasons. These reasons included they cost of maintaining colonial ties with countries out weighed the benefits of those ties. This was realised by Britain soon after the war but wasn't realised by France until De Gaulle came back into power in 1958. Another reason for decolonisation was the people in the colonies. These people were demanding their own independence and this was the reason for giving it to them. The outcomes for the former colonies were mixed many were unprepared for independence and suffered many changes in government from democracy to military dictatorship. However there were some India is one example which prospered through independence. The outcome of the colony seems to have depended greatly on the way in which they were decolonised. As has been mention before India prospered from independence whereas Indo-China particularly Vietnam spent many years at war with the USA after the were granted independence. ...read more.

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