• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent did Britain's motives for pursuing a policy of Appeasing Germany change in the period from January 1933 to September 1938?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

(C2) To what extent did Britain's motives for pursuing a policy of Appeasing Germany change in the period from January 1933 to September 1938? From the day the Treaty of Versailles was signed in June 1919 there were many in Britain who condoned it for being far too harsh towards an already crushed and downtrodden Germany. They correctly predicted that attempting to completely cripple a proud and empirical nation such as the Germans it would only spur them on to recover speedily in order to wield the power for which they aspired. In truth it was George Clemenceau, the French Prime Minister, who was obsessively advocating an extremely harsh Treaty towards Germany and it has been revealed that Britain's David Lloyd George did see the need to rather allow for Germany to be built up again. In fact much of what the French were seeking was carried out and hefty reparations were burdened upon Germany along with large territorial losses. This was because France had suffered the most terribly as a result of the First World War as well as them now enduring the greatest threat from Germany due to their border share. So when Hitler rose to power in Germany in the early 1930's and openly violated clauses in the Treaty of Versailles, the British government and public were accepting and understanding of Hitler's actions. ...read more.

Middle

This was enough of a concern not to take Britain to war as long as the threat were relatively minimal however when Hitler made his first bold move in March 1936 and sent his troops into the demilitarized Rhineland the pressure was turned up. The Rhineland was a wealthy part of Germany that they had forced to demilitarize under the Treaty of Versailles and now in 1936 when Hitler had already violated much of the Treaty of Versailles, by rearming and employing an army bigger than 100,000 men, he also walked his troops into the Rhineland. With retrospect as historians we know that Hitler lacked a strong army, which would have been quickly crushed by the Allies, but Hitler took this opportunity to temp his luck and test the Allies resolve towards him. We know he stroke lucky and he was left to do what he wanted as Britain claimed that in fact it was rightfully his and as one Foreign office official put it, "We can't stop Hitler walking into his own backyard." At the time, France's political system was in turmoil and it had a 'caretaker' government which meant that even though they had ground troops they could have committed they were not willing to make an advance on their border with Germany without British support. ...read more.

Conclusion

When faced with the crisis's of the Rhineland and Anchluss although Britain may have been dismayed and un-nerved they were in no position to thwart Hitler using force and hence were trapped into a situation where the only action they could take was to Appease Hitler through diplomacy. Chamberlain himself later admitted that the only achievement of the Munich Conference in September 1938 was to buy Britain another year to rearm. Statistics from the time show us that Germany also rapidly rearmed in that year and that military the Allies together were far superior up to early 1938 and would have speedily defeated the German army. However, at the time they were not convinced about this and only knowing their own military weakness they chose the safer option to not engage in warfare. In the 1920's and most of the 1930's the strong anti war feeling in Britain coupled together the inability to fight meant that Appeasing Germany was always going to be the preferred course of action. Sympathy over the harshness of the Treaty of Versailles was another underlying motive to pursuing the Appeasement of Germany in the period January 1933 through September 1939. These reasons did falter out when Germany became persistently more threatening in the late 1930 years and then more specific reasons such as the fear on entangling Japan and Italy into a war as well as the lack of solid allies for Britain meant that war in Europe only erupted in September 1939. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How and why did the Weimar Governments collapse between October 1929 and January 1933?

    Germany is in fact dancing on a volcano. If the short-term credits are called in, a large section of our economy would collapse." Coincidentally, Stresemann died just a few months before the Wall Street Crash, which, some historians argue, left a dangerous vacuum in German statesmanship that further oiled the slippery slope to Weimar's collapse.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    As suddenly as he had begun he would stop, smooth down his hair, straighten his collar and resume a more normal voice. This skillful and deliberate exploitation of his own temperament extended to other moods than anger. When he wanted to persuade or win someone over he could display great charm.

  1. 'In the context of the period 1715-1815 to what extent were economic factors the ...

    This showed a growing willingness of French politicians to stand against the King, and an increased success for those who did, essentially tying the King's hands, and in the short term contributing very significantly to the spread and success of the Revolution.

  2. How far do David Low’s cartoons show the reasons for the failure of the ...

    We just couldn't control your warlike passions". The crocodile is shedding a tear, but crocodile tears aren't real, which is referring to how the countries in the League weren't really upset about the failure of disarmament. Lows cartoons on disarmament show how the League failed in attempting to do this mainly because of the self interest of its members and their lack of commitment to enforce disarmament.

  1. To what extent were economic considerations the main motive for Portuguese exploration and empire ...

    the newly conquered colonises of Africa, Portuguese explores captured them and sent them back to Portugal as slaves to work on the land. Also slaves became very valuable and could be sold for a very good price. Also Portugal was a small county and needed more land to farm and

  2. Within the context of the period 1869-1914, to what extent was the British take-over ...

    be called unique: he was, after all, a master imperialist of his day and a fairly common occurrence on the Empire scene. He was crucial in the expansion of South Africa and the occupation of the Transvaal; he eventually became Prime Minister of the Cape.

  1. 'PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS OUTWEIGHED IDEOLOGY IN FOREIGN POLICY' IN RELATION TO GERMANY IN THE YEARS ...

    The Locarno treaty of 1925 was also broken where Germany had accepted its western borders including permanent demilitarisation. His desire to annihilate whole races of inferior peoples marked a break from the outlook of the old order. Hitler had long made it known that he had an expansionist foreign policy.

  2. Did the policy of appeasement go to any great lengths toward stopping the outbreak ...

    a relatively small force, and greatly increase their striking force on the northern bank. " Therefore Eden is clearly stating that the remilitarisation f the Rhineland was indeed a clear threat to France and international peace. Winston Churchill was also a clear critic of the policy of appeasement stating that

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work