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To what extent did Lenin's NEP solve the problems caused by war communism, before his death in 1924?

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14 October 2005 History seminar Girum Zerihun To what extent did Lenin's NEP solve the problems caused by war communism, before his death in 1924? Subsequent to the Bolshevik revolution in October 1917 commenced a two year domesticated war in Russia between the newly empowered Communist establishment and the conservative military officers. The primary victims were peasants, affected mostly from the exorbitant demands of food supplies and other essential necessities. The communist and despotic techniques practiced by the Bolsheviks during the war were hence dubbed "war communism" and had considerably alienated the mass of the Russian populace against its communist policies. Thus the regime was forced to restrain its callous inclinations and accordingly abandon "war communism". ...read more.


By 1921 the bleak financial condition had undermined the initiatory justification of war communism. Conversely, the Bolshevik party consisted of many who still believed in the eminence of its success and were intent on prompting harsher reinforcements of its policies (David Thomas 112). However the economic and agricultural conditions of 1921 forced Lenin to consider potential alternatives to war communism. Hence the founding of the New Economic Policy (NEP) became Lenin's primary declaration. As with the policy it reinstated the NEP was intent primarily to meet Russia's imperative necessitate for essential provisions. Its foundational factors were the desertion of state commandeering and the prologue of free enterprise and entrepreneurship. This provided for instantaneous slackening of tension with in the economic and agricultural societies of Russia. ...read more.


By 1921 Russia was on a significant path to success (David Thomas 111) . Under the harshly restrictive measures of war communism, Russia was on the verge of economic collapse. Its oppressive policies dictatorial methods brought Russia's populace to great famine and poverty. However Lenin's claim that under the NEP, Russia would achieve economic, agricultural and social stability had proven to be considerably correct. The figures signified that essentially, the NEP had extensively produced an economic equilibrium. In addition the NEP provided for the noticeable easing of tension with in the Russian mass. By 1923 Lenin's NEP had considerably improved matters that were created by war communism. Hence with out doubt solving the problems caused by war communism before Lenin's death in 1924. Word Count 672 David Thomas Russia Soviet Union New York, Cambridge University Press. 2003 Michael Lynch Reaction & Revolutions: Russia 1881-1924 London, 2005 ...read more.

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