• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent did Lenin's NEP solve the problems caused by war communism, before his death in 1924?

Extracts from this document...


14 October 2005 History seminar Girum Zerihun To what extent did Lenin's NEP solve the problems caused by war communism, before his death in 1924? Subsequent to the Bolshevik revolution in October 1917 commenced a two year domesticated war in Russia between the newly empowered Communist establishment and the conservative military officers. The primary victims were peasants, affected mostly from the exorbitant demands of food supplies and other essential necessities. The communist and despotic techniques practiced by the Bolsheviks during the war were hence dubbed "war communism" and had considerably alienated the mass of the Russian populace against its communist policies. Thus the regime was forced to restrain its callous inclinations and accordingly abandon "war communism". ...read more.


By 1921 the bleak financial condition had undermined the initiatory justification of war communism. Conversely, the Bolshevik party consisted of many who still believed in the eminence of its success and were intent on prompting harsher reinforcements of its policies (David Thomas 112). However the economic and agricultural conditions of 1921 forced Lenin to consider potential alternatives to war communism. Hence the founding of the New Economic Policy (NEP) became Lenin's primary declaration. As with the policy it reinstated the NEP was intent primarily to meet Russia's imperative necessitate for essential provisions. Its foundational factors were the desertion of state commandeering and the prologue of free enterprise and entrepreneurship. This provided for instantaneous slackening of tension with in the economic and agricultural societies of Russia. ...read more.


By 1921 Russia was on a significant path to success (David Thomas 111) . Under the harshly restrictive measures of war communism, Russia was on the verge of economic collapse. Its oppressive policies dictatorial methods brought Russia's populace to great famine and poverty. However Lenin's claim that under the NEP, Russia would achieve economic, agricultural and social stability had proven to be considerably correct. The figures signified that essentially, the NEP had extensively produced an economic equilibrium. In addition the NEP provided for the noticeable easing of tension with in the Russian mass. By 1923 Lenin's NEP had considerably improved matters that were created by war communism. Hence with out doubt solving the problems caused by war communism before Lenin's death in 1924. Word Count 672 David Thomas Russia Soviet Union New York, Cambridge University Press. 2003 Michael Lynch Reaction & Revolutions: Russia 1881-1924 London, 2005 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To what extent was the Civil War the main factor in the Bolshevik

    as one of its basic tasks the merciless struggle against Bolshevism by forming armed forces and arming the people themselves...to carry out these aims KOMUCH will form a central organ of All-Russian government"10. This conveys that the Komuch did make a fairly concerted effort in trying to surmount the Bolshevik regime by obtaining the numbers needed for this task.


    * It is important to note that some recent historians question just how much control Stalin had over the country. * They argue he was certainly at the centre of events, but that often the Centre was trying desperately to get local parties and members to follow the Party line.

  1. Disadvantages of Capitalism.

    economy Yes Yes Yes No Government PLANNING of economy Yes No No No Size of welfare system Immense Quite extensive Small to moderate No welfare system Characteristic Pure Socialism Modified Socialism Modified Capitalism Pure Capitalism Ownership of means of production All publicly owned Much publicly owned Most privately owned All

  2. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?

    In East Germany in 1953 there were a series of strikes and protests. (8) The Russians, under Stalin, used their armed forces to put down the revolt and to protect East Germany's communist government. This shows the importance of Soviet military force in maintaining communism's tenuous grip on power.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    Gradually a corridor was opened to enable the Israelis to pull back around dawn. With day break on the 11th June the Israeli Air Force was able to go into action and destroyed the Syrian tank and gun positions with the aid of another tank column.

  2. American Capitalism.

    the 20s as there was a ready supply of new immigrants ready if the existing ones complained about wages. The unemployment rate amongst new immigrants remained high during the 1920s The biggest concentration of blacks was in the southern states where many stayed after slavery was abolished.

  1. Assess the impact of War Communism and the New Economic Policy (NEP) on both ...

    The famine of 1921 caused peasants to flee urban centres in search of food. The impact on the peasants were that their livelihood was destroyed they had no way of feeding their families and hence dissatisfaction with the government grew.

  2. The Fall of Communism in Russia.

    Stalin became the most powerful man in Russia. He controlled to bulk of all the political power and with that he started a ruthless campaign of removing all opposition to the Communist rule. During this period called the "Great Purge" Stalin systemically executed anyone who stood in his path.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work