• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent did the NAACP achieve its aims from 1945 to 1955.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐To what extent did the NAACP achieve its aims from 1945 to 1955. The National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP) was an organisation that challenged segregation and demanded equality of rights for all black citizens, founded in 1909 by civil rights campaigners. The NAACP found its main aims towards challenging segregation was with three methods; court cases, pressurising politicians and a series of non-violent protests and boycotts. All of these showed positive outcomes and in most ways did pushed NAACP views of having a de-segregated America. The significance of the organisation increased dramatically after the Second World War when its membership sharply raised this was mainly down to the amount of unemployment within African Americans. America found itself having an economy boom at the time of WW2 with numerous factories in action producing weapons and vehicles for the military, but after WW2 many factories were not required as the military down sized this meant many African Americans were dropped from their jobs. ...read more.


and Smith v.s Allwright (1944). Morgan v.s Virginia (1946) challenged segregation on interstate on bus services, in 1944 Irene Morgan was fined $100 for refusing to give up her seat on an interstate bus. They argued that since an 1877 supreme court decision ruled that it was illegal for a state to forbid segregation, then it was likewise illegal for a state to require it, and in result the Supreme Court agreed. This can be clearly linked to Rosa Parks as the story is matched, but this is important as shows how much more attention the NAACP had collected in later years when the same incident happened to Rosa Parks who was made famous from the event. This is significant to the extent of achievement of the NAACP as it shows how they progressed in making it a known campaign over 11 years. Similarly fought for by Marshall in the Supreme Court, the Smith v. ...read more.


The Court found support for its decision in studies that indicated that minority students learn better in racially mixed classrooms. The next year, in Brown II, the Court announced a decision outlining its plan for implementing racial desegregation in the schools. The Court took a cautious approach, remanding the cases to district courts with orders to integrate the schools "with all deliberate speed?. In extent the NAACP achieved its aim to challenge the education board but also did not actually achieve any movement towards de-segregated schools until Little Rock High School. Once again this is significant as it shows how after time the NAACP actions become effective and gives the NAACP a sense of achievement but only in later years of legal battles between the Supreme Court. In conclusion the extent of achievement by the NAACP only began to have a successful bus boycott to end segregation in 1955. Up till then, the NAACP wasn't very successful in enfranchising blacks, or ending segregation. In many ways the NAACP use effective a strong legal case to fight on behalf of African Americas. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Assess the view that the Supreme Court was the most important branch of federal ...

    4 star(s)

    Nixon very much felt that it was a time to pause after the legislature of the previous years, and hence very little happened through him or Congress in terms of civil rights for several years. Despite this apparently negative stance, Nixon did introduce affirmative action in employment, a scheme very

  2. Revision notes - the USA 1945 to 1980

    The Red Scare. 1945 to 1950 Immediately after the war the USA and USSR embarked in a long "Cold War" which divided the world into the Capitalist West and the Communist East. They stockpiled weapons against each other and came into conflict over Berlin in 1948 and Korea in 1950.

  1. To what extent did the actions of Rosa Parks contribute to the reversal of ...

    Jo Ann Gibson * Taught at underfunded, segregated Black College * Active in Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, president of Women's Political Council in 1950 * Complained to Montgomery City Commission about seating practices earlier * Warned mayor of bus boycott after Brown v.

  2. Roosevelt(TM)s aims of relief, recovery and reform 1933-1945

    These men built or improved thousands of kilometres of roads, thousands of public buildings and hundreds of local airports. Hopkins was criticised by people doubting whether some of the jobs actually existed and laughed at reports of the jobs the workers had to; these jobs were labelled 'boondoggles'.

  1. What was the short term impact of the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-1957?

    would have to respond if we created a situation that was headline news all over the world? (12) this shows that they wanted to gain attention from the hostility and viciousness of the white people in order to achieve publicity and make the world aware of the injustice the black people faced.

  2. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    Overview In 1965 in Selma (Alabama.) blacks begin a march to Montgomery in support of voting rights but are stopped at the Pettus Bridge by a police blockade.

  1. To what extent was opposition from politicians responsible for the failures of the civil ...

    This was reflected in congress where southern representatives made it extremely difficult to pass laws which benefited African Americans. The southern opposition was the most important political factor responsible for civil rights failures as while the south was unable to stop the civil rights movement all together, it was able to make it extremely difficult for any change to occur.

  2. Why was progress towards racial equality so slow in the period 1945 - 1955?

    In 1946, Truman set up at committee created to discuss Civil Rights which enabled him to commission a report examining the experience of racial minorities in America and the difficulties that they faced. This report, ?To Secure These Rights?, highlighted the vast amount of problems African Americans faced and proposed

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work