• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent did the NAACP achieve its aims from 1945 to 1955.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐To what extent did the NAACP achieve its aims from 1945 to 1955. The National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP) was an organisation that challenged segregation and demanded equality of rights for all black citizens, founded in 1909 by civil rights campaigners. The NAACP found its main aims towards challenging segregation was with three methods; court cases, pressurising politicians and a series of non-violent protests and boycotts. All of these showed positive outcomes and in most ways did pushed NAACP views of having a de-segregated America. The significance of the organisation increased dramatically after the Second World War when its membership sharply raised this was mainly down to the amount of unemployment within African Americans. America found itself having an economy boom at the time of WW2 with numerous factories in action producing weapons and vehicles for the military, but after WW2 many factories were not required as the military down sized this meant many African Americans were dropped from their jobs. ...read more.

Middle

and Smith v.s Allwright (1944). Morgan v.s Virginia (1946) challenged segregation on interstate on bus services, in 1944 Irene Morgan was fined $100 for refusing to give up her seat on an interstate bus. They argued that since an 1877 supreme court decision ruled that it was illegal for a state to forbid segregation, then it was likewise illegal for a state to require it, and in result the Supreme Court agreed. This can be clearly linked to Rosa Parks as the story is matched, but this is important as shows how much more attention the NAACP had collected in later years when the same incident happened to Rosa Parks who was made famous from the event. This is significant to the extent of achievement of the NAACP as it shows how they progressed in making it a known campaign over 11 years. Similarly fought for by Marshall in the Supreme Court, the Smith v. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Court found support for its decision in studies that indicated that minority students learn better in racially mixed classrooms. The next year, in Brown II, the Court announced a decision outlining its plan for implementing racial desegregation in the schools. The Court took a cautious approach, remanding the cases to district courts with orders to integrate the schools "with all deliberate speed?. In extent the NAACP achieved its aim to challenge the education board but also did not actually achieve any movement towards de-segregated schools until Little Rock High School. Once again this is significant as it shows how after time the NAACP actions become effective and gives the NAACP a sense of achievement but only in later years of legal battles between the Supreme Court. In conclusion the extent of achievement by the NAACP only began to have a successful bus boycott to end segregation in 1955. Up till then, the NAACP wasn't very successful in enfranchising blacks, or ending segregation. In many ways the NAACP use effective a strong legal case to fight on behalf of African Americas. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Assess the view that the Supreme Court was the most important branch of federal ...

    4 star(s)

    Reagan appointed the fewest African Americans to office since Eisenhower, a move that was very much in line with his view that appointments should be made on merit, not to fill specific quotas, and so his appointment of a conservative judge to the Supreme Court was unsurprising, but it also

  2. To what extent did the actions of Rosa Parks contribute to the reversal of ...

    The article includes information on people who helped Park's in the boycott; Martin Luther King, E.D Nixon, as well as her career which lead to her arrest. Even though the article supports the argument that the reversal of the Montgomery Bus ordinance was a group effort, it also presents some

  1. Revision notes - the USA 1945 to 1980

    that even well respected members of the government could be secret communists. 4. Atomic Spies. In 1950 there was another spy scandal, this time involving scientists who were working on the US atomic bomb, and passing secrets to the Russians to enable them to make their own.

  2. Roosevelt(TM)s aims of relief, recovery and reform 1933-1945

    positive factor the CCC had was that it paid their workers $30 per month, $22 of this money was being sent home to families to help them survive the Depression. The CCC was successful in bringing relief to the unemployed because it gave jobs to these young men and allowed

  1. Never Ending Racisim

    This means that when we go to hire someone or accept someone into a university, we are allowing the color of someone's skin to affect our decision, inevitably discriminating against one color and giving favor to another. This at heart is exactly what affirmative action does and it is racist.

  2. Why was progress towards racial equality so slow in the period 1945 - 1955?

    An example is shown in the report as it recommended that local police protect the black community and that local governments in the south should bring about desegregation. These statements were extremely unrealistic due to the simple fact that local police forces alongside local state governments were overwhelmingly racist and had no intention of aiding black people.

  1. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    Impact 1. Act gave the federal gov the legal power to end de jure segregation in the South (de jure = defined in law, de facto = how something happens in practice) 2. Prohibited discrimination in public places 3. Further school desegregation, 4. Established an Equal Employment Commission. However, 1.

  2. To what extent was opposition from politicians responsible for the failures of the civil ...

    This was reflected in congress where southern representatives made it extremely difficult to pass laws which benefited African Americans. The southern opposition was the most important political factor responsible for civil rights failures as while the south was unable to stop the civil rights movement all together, it was able to make it extremely difficult for any change to occur.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work