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To what extent did the needs of British manufacturers drive the expansion of the slave trade in the years 17601800s?

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History Key Assignment Cover Sheet Name: Selina Ly Date: 10/11/2012 Essay Title: To what extent did the needs of British manufacturers drive the expansion of the slave trade in the years 1760–1800s? Word Count (excluding references): 959 Feedback from previous essay: (ï¼ below) I have acted on feedback from my previous essay yes I have planned the essay carefully prior to writing yes My essay is structured properly – it has an introduction, organised paragraphs and a conclusion yes I have read over the essay carefully and corrected any spelling/grammatical/factual errors yes I have included footnotes yes I have included a bibliography with at least three books / articles yes To what extent did the needs of British manufacturers drive the expansion of the slave trade in the years 1760–1800s? Britain in this period was going through a vital economic shift from still being a largely based agricultural country to one increasingly dominated by manufacturing. The needs of British manufacturers unquestionably contributed significantly to the expansion of the slave trade in the years 1760-1800s. ...read more.


Over the years the demand for slave made products increased massively, ?Thus between 1748 and 1776 sugar imports doubled from 900,000 to 1.8 million.?[4] Thousands of tons of sugar was imported to Britain which increased the amount of slaves having to work and harvest it meaning that the slave trade would have to work continuously as some enslaved Africans would die or get sick so more Africans had to be traded and sold to the West Indies to work as slaves on sugar and other plantations. At first sugar and other rare products made form the West Indies was extremely expensive, but as the trade expanded the price of sugar dropped meaning it was more easily accessible by poorer commuters in Britain. Profits were made in many other areas of the slave trade which led to its expansion, the profits made from building ships and any other areas that were involved with the manufacturing of ships increase greatly as materials, like wood, were needed to build slave ships which were used to carry slaves to America and bring slave made products back to Britain to be sold. ...read more.


As Liverpool became the major port for the slave trade the population grew rapidly due to its new found prosperity ?Between 1700 and 1800, Liverpool's population rose from 5000 to 78,000.?[6] Moreover Manchester became the centre in making cotton cloth and Birmingham flourished in manufacturing metal things like chains and padlocks. In conclusion, I believe that although the need for British manufacturers did drive the expansion of the slave trade in 1760-1800s rather significantly but there were more influential factors that contributed in expanding the slave trade, especially the demand for slave made products. This helped drive the expansion of the slave trade because it helped expand British colonies in the West Indies and it established the requirements of the mercantile trade and ship owners. However, many people could argue that the profits made by the slave trade weren?t very consistent. Furthermore we?re not sure whether the profits were actually invested in the industrial revolution. Only a few plantation owners invested their money in to new factories and inventions, helping to finance the industrial revolution, but it?s more likely that plantation owner?s and merchants spent their profits on buying land or building grand country houses for themselves. ...read more.

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