• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent did the needs of British manufacturers drive the expansion of the slave trade in the years c1760c1800?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

During the years of C1760 ? C1800 Britain were heavily involved in manufacturing, this was mainly due to the transatlantic slave trade. This asks the question to what extent did the needs of the British manufacturers drive the expansion of the slave trade in the years C1760-C1800. This question is very important especially in the history of the British Empire because it was one of the factors which made Britain dominant and imperial. The three main factors which will be analysed in this essay are that the slave trade provided capital for investment. The slave trade was also a market for manufactured goods and the Slave trade was also crucial to the Atlantic trading system. This essay will evaluate why the needs of British manufacturers were responsible for driving the expansion of the Slave trade in the years C1760-C1800. The ?slave trade? refers to the transatlantic trade triangle. This is where European ships would set sail to Africa. The ships would be filled with cargo such as Copper, cloth, glassware, ammunition, guns, manilas, brass and iron. This type of cargo was usually all manufactured goods. ...read more.

Middle

This was a massive market. A prime example of how the market was crucial is “Manillas”[4]. This good was manufactured in Britain and then taken to Africa to trade. This good became extremely popular in Africa and was used as currency. This gave manufacturers an incentive to produce more of the good in order to obtain larger profits. This means that manufacturers became extremely interested in the slave trade as it was a major source of income. The more manufacturers produced meant the more slaves being bought therefore meaning more slaves in plantations. This shows that manufacturers did drive the expansion of the slave trade in the given period. Britain also profited from goods sold to colonies. During 1770 96.3% of British exports of nails and 70.5% exports of wrought iron went to colonial and African markets[5]. Textile exports were also large and often accounted for around a half of British exports. In 1770 total investments in the domestic British economy stood at £4 million[6] (£500 million in today's money). During the French Wars in 1793-1802 British exporters often found that they had to rely on colonial and American markets. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example The South Sea Company was involved in the trading of slaves and the company took advantage of the Assiento[10] this meant that the company was able to bring a total of 144,000 slaves to the Spanish colonies for a period of 30 years. This gave the Company a massive financial gain; this gain gave the government and other trading companies the incentive to generate huge profits. This factor was extremely important to the expansion of the slave trade because it was the largest contributor to the trade triangle. In conclusion, there are many alternative factors that drove the expansion of the slave trade in the years C1760-C1800. These factors did contribute to the slave trade, however, British manufacturers did also contribute and in retrospect they had more of significance in expanding the slave trade; the slave trade provided capital for investment, it also created a market for manufactured goods and the Slave trade was also crucial to the Atlantic trading system. This essay has stated figures and reasons why these points are significant and that is why the final conclusion of this essay is that the needs of British manufacturers drove the expansion of the slave trade in the years C1760-C1800 to a major extent. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. "William Wilberforce was primarily responsible for the abolition of the Slave Trade in the ...

    Both of these figures were undoubtedly important; Thomas Clarkson did virtually all of the 'leg work' by collecting evidence and petitions whilst James Stephen devised the initial 1807 Slave Trade Act. It was these actions behind the scenes that propelled Wilberforce into fame and fortune, the very thing that he aimed to achieve by taking the cause.

  2. Within the context of 1880-1980, to what extent did British actions accelerate British decolonisation ...

    saw the Empire as a credible and useful segment of British politics: therefore, with the exception of the more economically advanced Egypt, African decolonisation by the British did not occur between the wars. Rather, many African colonies developed and became more stable societies.

  1. Charlemagne Essay.

    This would have reduced Charles's size of cavalry. It is used to be thought that heavy cavalry was introduced by Charles Martel (Charles's grandfather) to counter Saracen invaders. It was Charles Martel who granted fiefs of land to nobility in exchange for military service on horseback. They then became the king's vassals or vassi.

  2. Resistance to slavery.

    Williams argues further that the slaves made a contribution to their own liberation in two main ways. On the one hand, they constantly sabotaged production and by this accounted in part for the rising costs of producing the commodity and, therefore, its high, uncompetitive price by comparison with East Indian,

  1. How far & to what extent was Louis responsible for the turn of events ...

    Furthermore, Louis had seemed to support constitutional government by supporting the colonists. Tracts like 'What is the third estate?' attacked the Ancien regime whereby the third estate paid the taxes but got no representation in offices. Equally, pamphlets like 'The rights of man' by Tom Paine, demanded equality for all.

  2. The Slave Trade

    From this, we can see that the slave trade was highly involved and helped the trading of the British. Joint stock companies such as the Royal African Company and the East India Company were mainly the most dominant companies in trade.

  1. To what extent did the needs of British manufacturers drive the expansion of the ...

    Birmingham had over 4000 gun-makers, with 100,000 guns a year going to slave-traders?[1]; this quote shows that Britain?s manufacturers made thousands of guns to help boost the amount of slaves being captured and sold. Also British manufactures increased the demand for slaves by plantation owners meaning more products had to

  2. To what extent were the trading companies responsible for the growth of the British ...

    of profits from each voyage and the ability to expand because of this. The East India Company, who was in charge of trade with India, was properly initiated in 1600 when Queen Elizabeth signed a charter letting the company trade with India and China.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work