• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent did the Vietnam War impact upon US domestic politics and society during and after the conflict?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent did the Vietnam War impact upon US domestic politics and society during and after the conflict? SECOND DRAFT The Vietnam war was fought during the years 1960 to 1975. It began as a determined attempt by Communist guerrillas, the so called Vietcong, in the South, backed by Communist North Vietnam, to overthrow the government of South Vietnam. The struggle widened into a war between South Vietnam and North Vietnam and ultimately into a limited international conflict. The United States and some 40 other countries supported South Vietnam by supplying troops and munitions, and the USSR and the People's Republic of China furnished munitions to North Vietnam and the Vietcong. On both sides, however, the burden of the war fell mainly on the civilians. America's foreign policy followed what was called the 'domino theory'. This was the idea that the countries of South East Asia were closely linked together. If one fell to communism, then others would also fall, like a row of dominoes. China became communist in 1949. North Korea and North Vietnam also had communist governments. If the South Vietnamese 'domino' followed, who would be next? Malaya? Burma? In 1961, John Kennedy became President of the USA (1961-63) ...read more.

Middle

That is why once the US had become involved they did not pull out easily as the consequences would have been very severe. Then on 22 November 1963 a tragic event took place. President John F. Kennedy was shot and killed as he was riding in an open limousine through the streets of Dallas. His Deputy Lyndon B Johnson was sworn in as President, the same day. LBJ further increased the number of advisors and equipment being sent to Vietnam, he wanted to declare war and destroy North Vietnam and Communism as soon as possible, even if he had to sacrifice his plans for a 'Great Society.' 'Losing the Great Society was a terrible thought, but not so terrible as the thought of being responsible for America's losing a war to the Communists. Nothing could possibly be worse than that.' 3 This source clearly shows the sense of urgency LBJ had. At no point was he willing to back away from Vietnam, quite the contrary, he saw the US as the worlds policeman and an ambassador to Capitalism, that had a duty to wipe out Communism. This war was different from all other wars that had been fought, it was uncensored and nearly everything that took place in Vietnam was shown on US television, this had a profound effect on the American public. ...read more.

Conclusion

Once an American male turned 18 years of age, he was under federal order to register with Selective Service, which provided him with an identification card. Applying for the card made the local draft boards, composed of groups of civilians, aware of available young men. This led to further chaos for the government as many people dodged conscription by fleeing to neighbouring Canada or by simply burning their draft cards. Some burnt their cards in public, others just refused to report for training. Both were criminal offences and by the end of 1969 there were 34,000 draft-dodgers wanted by the police. 'My name is John Lacey. I was born in 1945 and brought up in New York. I left America in 1967 just after leaving college. I did this to avoid being drafted. I went to Canada and then to Sweden where I lived till there was an amnesty for the draft-dodgers which let me return to the USA' 6 1 Vietnam: Conflict and Change in Indochina by Alan Pollock 2 Vietnam 1939-75 by Neil Demarco. 3 President Lyndon B. Johnson. 4 Roger LaPorte, member of the Catholic Worker movement, quoted in wire-service story after setting himself on fire in front of the United Nations building, 1965. 5 Martin Luther King speaks out against the war. Vietnam 1939-75 by Neil Demarco. 6 J. Cannon et al., The Contemporary World, Conflict or Co-operation?, p.26 Nassar Ahmad U6JJ ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. What can you learn from Source A about the reasons for US involvement in ...

    Information about the type of people questioned is important because different types of people would be biased about their view of the war. The number of people who were questioned is important, because even though there was a 64% majority, saying television influenced them to support the war, we do not know how many people it actually was.

  2. How did the Vietnam War Have an Impact on Canada

    The unemployment rate in Canada during that time gives evidence to show that Canada had indeed been affected economically . Furthermore, American firms invested an additional 1 billion dollars in Canadian Companies to allow them to expand and keep supplying the US with war materials.

  1. America In Vietnam, 1953-73

    MORAL OPPOSITION The Students for a Democratic Society of SDS was founded in 1962. The SDS was a national left-liberal organisation which was against racism, poverty and the War in Vietnam. The SDS mobilised 100,000's in anti-war protest's. One example of this was April 17, 1965 in Washington DC where an anti-war demonstration was called.

  2. British Domestic life During WW2.

    As the war progressed the supply problem grew smaller. Britain were winning the battle of the Atlantic in 1943, so food and goods shortages were no longer too much of a problem. In 1941 women were conscripted into the land army, meaning that less food needed to be imported from America because it could be grown at home.

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Truman sensed that only if the issues were posed as directly related to the nation's fundamental moral concern-not just self-interest- would there be a possibility of winning political support. Hence, as Truman defined the question, the world had to choose "between alternative ways of life."

  2. How was opposition to the Vietnam War portrayed in Contemporary Literature, Film and popular ...

    OS servicemen, and the source is obviously supported by eyewitness accounts of the events. However the source s reliability may be brought into question on a number of accounts. This source details only a minority's interrogation techniques, leaving us to " how many of the OS servicemen acted in this way".

  1. Korean propaganda during the Second World War and the Korean War had a different ...

    Communists asked why one would waste time waiting for democracy to reach its peak, and that it would be easier on many if they just switched over to Communism. The North Koreans strongly believed that Communism would help them advance in the world.

  2. Introduction - US policy to Southeast Asia in general

    Indochina became a difficult contradiction in American foreign policy. Washington knew how important the colony was to France, and foresaw the danger of communism gaining a foothold in the region. If France were to abandon Indochina, communism could spread throughout Southeast Asia. The alternative was to endorse and support French colonialism, with the French economy and military forces necessarily

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work