• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent Have The Attempts For A Palestinian State Been Blocked By The Actions of Israel And The United States of America ?

Extracts from this document...


To What Extent Have The Attempts For A Palestinian State Been Blocked By The Actions of Israel And The United States of America ? In November 1947, the aims of the Jewish Zionist movement were achieved when the United Nations announced under Resolution 181 that the former British mandate of Palestine would be partitioned into two states ; a Jewish and an Arab state. The controversy rooted in the creation of Israel in historic Palestine, which is their sacred homeland enshrined in the Torah, was because the state was created at the expense of the Palestinian people, who had been the indigenous inhabitants for centuries. The partition plan was disregarded by Israel as they took over most of the Arab state in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, and then captured the last two enclaves; the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, in the 1967 Six-Day war. This total disregard and ignorance of International law set a precedent for the Israeli's illegal occupation of Palestinian Territories. Since 1967, Israel and the USA have formed an alliance which has been formed upon the shared value that a Jewish state must exist in security, yet also based upon the total denial of Palestinian rights and statehood, and because of this, have blocked every single diplomatic route for a viable Palestinian state. The role that Israel Has played has been pivotal in establishing the environment in which a sovereign Palestinian state can not be created, through essentially, the nature of its domestic policies within the Occupied Territories. To an extent its diplomatic role is limited and that is where the link with the US becomes completely fundamental to the sustainability of the Israeli state as they wish, hence the continual and successful blocking of the attempts for a Palestinian state, so the main focus upon Israel's part in its role for preventing a Palestinian state lies with its domestic policy. ...read more.


700 M-60 Tanks and 6,000 armoured personnel, and also countless other machinery and artillery. A recent World Policy Institute study from 2006 explained that 'US arms and aid it provides gives the US substantial leverage' in Israeli policy. In a sense Israel has become an offshore military base for the US, and through its aid has built up the Israeli army to be the fourth biggest in the world. Just as the WPI explained in its report, this does give the US significant leverage in pushing for policy change, but through not doing so, it starts to become clear the role the US has played in blocking the attempts for a sovereign Palestinian state. The US has commented that the military aid is to 'help foster stability in a historically volatile region' and to 'support Israel's multi-gear defence modernisation plans', however 'promoting stability' isn't usually through supporting a brutal occupation which ironically will only cause only more instability to the region. It is not just the military support which continues the injustice to the Palestinians, and the complete resistance of any lasting settlement is also shown, but pivotally, the reason it is free from international prosecution is because of the way the US manipulates its global dominance in its diplomacy through international organisations such as the UN. Although this area will be looked at in more detail in how the UN is disregarded and ignored, there are a few striking examples which reiterate this support for Israel and blocking the attempt for Palestinian statehood. In 2000 the Bush administration vetoed a Security Council Resolution advanced by the EU, which called for implementation of Washington's Mitchell Plan and efforts to reduce violence by the dispatch of International monitors to reduce Palestinian terror and Israeli repression. It also boycotted a conference in Geneva of the High Contracting Parties of the Geneva convention which reaffirmed applicability of the 4th Geneva Convention to the Occupied Territories, so therefore the US-Israeli actions are war crimes under US law. ...read more.


If any quote gave the true intentions of Israel, it was this. Barak clearly indicated here that land illegally acquisitioned under international law was part of Israel. Chomsky explains that the 'wording [of the accords] made it clear that they were a mandate for continual Israeli settlement programs' and this increase in settlement activity 'proceeded steadily, with full US support' and all but 'blows the possibility of resolution of the conflict by peaceful diplomatic means'. The nature of the agreement and the consequences for a Palestinian state was a classic fa´┐Żade which hid the true intentions of it. John Pilger called it 'a classic colonial fix where Arafat...got privileges of power while the mass of people got what an Israeli journalist called the autonomy of a PoW camp'. Tragically this was the case, and the illusion of peace was merely a distraction away from the consolidation of Palestinian land. It was also extremely successful in bypassing the implementation of resolution 242. As Robert Fisk stated, Whereas '242 demanded the withdrawal of Israeli forces from territory captured in 1967, Oslo permitted Israel to decide from which bit of the remaining 22% of Palestine they would withdraw' and let them 'renegotiate 242'. The Oslo Accords could have potentially been the heralding of a new era of compromise, with the Palestinian state being a reality, however it was merely manipulated by two nations pressured into conceding something, and if anything made the possibility of a Palestinian state even more unrealistic. The four areas investigated aimed to explore and understand the extent at which the attempts for a autonomous Palestinian state have been blocked by the roles of the US and Israel, and the results were consistently and brutally coherent. A blend of disregard for international law, the consequences of hegemonic politics, and the intent to deny a people the right to self government have caused sixty years of continual and sustained denial of Palestinian statehood. The epitome of the mind set taken by the United States Of America and Israel point towards Golda Meir's infamous statement; 'There is no such thing as a Palestinian people...'. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent is the oil crisis of 1973 a turning point in postwar ...

    5 star(s)

    Yet, such loans set the stage for a catastrophe. Without stringent monitoring, some of the loans given to countries were misused by kleptocratic government for their own corrupt interests instead of spending it for genuine improvement in welfare of the country, as seen in the case of Zaire, where the aid worth $1.3 billion was spent on white elephant

  2. Timothy W., Luke 'Museum politics: Power plays at the exhibition'

    If very little was said in the exhibition on contemporary Japan's rising power and growing prominence, 'the entire show spoke endlessly about it in its silences, by showing what Japan no longer was, and what it well never be again, Japan's power gained its greatest voice by stressing images of its past'(p.69)

  1. Indian History. To what extent did large dams built before 1990 fulfil Nehru's ambitions?

    and reduced the impact of droughts, thereby decreasing India's dependence on foreign food aid. Their supply of water facilitated the urbanisation and industrialization of India. Through hydropower, dams provided a substantial source of energy. However, despite these substantial benefits, dams hugely underperformed, rarely meeting their targets.

  2. Free essay

    How far do you agree that US support in the years 1945-48 was the ...

    (Point 3) On the other hand the Balfour Declaration in 1917 asserted the British Government's support for the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine (Israel). (Explain & Example) Britain's promise of support for a Jewish Homeland in Palestine was mainly to gain support from the Jews in America who could influence their government.

  1. Ronald Wilson Reagan still found a way to change the face of the United ...

    In 196a and 1968, Ronald Reagan ran for governor of California and won both. His "A Time for Choosing" speech ignited the country and proved his conservative views were very popular. The Washington Post thought that Reagan's speech was "the most successful political debut since William Jennings Bryan electrified the 1896 Democratic convention with his 'Cross of Gold' speech" (Britannica).

  2. The Palestinian Liberation Organisation Intelligence Report Origins Between the two major wars of ...

    and the DFLP (the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine). By 1974 with so many followers and several guerrilla raids on Israeli civilian and military targets, the PLO had received recognition by the UN. Then in 1976 the PLO was granted membership in the Arab League.

  1. While surfing the channels on TV you might hear a lot of news about ...

    Liberation Front (FLNC), an outlawed group fighting for independence for the French-ruled island. The group has reportedly carried out terrorist activities for the past two decades. Most of these attacks have been confined to Corsica. Italian terrorists. Red Brigades, left-wing terrorist organization, active in Italy during the 1970's and early 1980's.

  2. Judaism's Modernization in America The Jewish way of life ...

    There are stories of men in the Lower East Side of New York who started to sell rags from a cart, and slowly moved up the ladder in time to run a small clothing shop. Like other Jews in America at this time, they sacrificed the Sabbath to work during

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work