• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent is it appropriate to describe Charles' rule without Parliament, 1629-40, as the "eleven years tyranny?"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent is it appropriate to describe Charles' rule without Parliament, 1629-40, as the "eleven years tyranny?" Tyranny n 1 a Rule or government that is cruel or oppressive. b a state under such rule. 2 any form of cruel or oppressive treatment. Tyrant n 1 cruel or oppressive ruler. 2 any person who exerts cruel or oppressive power or control. 3 a ruler who takes absolute power without any legal right. It would appear to me at this time that according to these dictionary definitions Charles Stuart was a tyrant, and his 11 years of rule without Parliament were tyrannical. Now I'll look at the evidence and see if I can find a definite answer... CHARLES: BACKGROUND AND BELIEFS Charles didn't expect to ascend the throne. He thought that his elder brother would be king, but Prince Henry died young and Charles was unexpectedly thrown into the limelight. He is an extraordinarily complex figure. He was a courageous man (he showed great courage in the course of the Civil War) and he's capable of kindness, honour, and consideration. Although he can never be trusted, (he breaks his word regularly,) there's also this insecurity in Charles, who needs to be obeyed. His sense of his own identity and his sense of his kingly office are very closely related to each other. ...read more.

Middle

Whereas the gentry saw James' court as immoral it was however an open one (in stark contrast with that of Charles), and James made regular hunting trips around the country, and was in public view frequently. He even visited the country houses of the gentry and aristocracy, and invited them to court. Again, Charles in complete contrast rarely made public appearances and never visited the homes of his subjects. Indeed after Buckingham's death the court became a closed off 'inner circle' of advisers, bishops, generals, the Queen and who ever else Charles thought should attend. This made people fearful that popish plotters, catholic conspirators, evil counsellors and absolutists were monopolising the king's time, and adversely affecting the way the government worked and its policies. To an extent their suspicions were justified, for certainly at least 4 of the kings leading councillors were catholic (including, of course, the Queen) and many were absolutists, such as Wentworth. They were not however unified and were constantly conflicting with one and other, indeed there was intense rivalry rife among most of the court. The sensual, ceremonial aspects of Laudianism attracted Charles. He couldn't understand Puritanism. He thought Puritans were hypocrites. These were people who wanted to weaken the state and they were using the Church as a cloak for their political ambitions. ...read more.

Conclusion

to rule through fear, oppression and murder. However, Charles Stuart's tyranny obviously seems rather insignificant in comparison to that most infamous tyrant of not so long ago. This does not however mean that he wasn't a tyrant, just a much less tyrannical one than Mr Hitler! On the contrary, he was negligent in his position, as his rule for these 11 years was autocratic it is to an extent appropriate to give him the tyrant tag. For even if not directly responsible for the tyranny of this period many of his tyrannical policies were the result of his appointment of 'bad' advisers (such as William Laud and Thomas Wentworth), for whom he was ultimately responsible. I would therefore say, to a lesser extent than the modern tyrants, although there are some interesting parallels with Russia under Nicholas II (Both were unwilling monarchs who ended up dead at the hands of revolutionaries), Yes Charles was tyrannical. He did create an effective government which in earlier years would have been adequate, however his divine right ideas were antiquated and outmoded. Metaphorically, Charles was past his expiration date, and as a result turned rotten the whole structure of government and religion in Britain at this time. In conclusion, Charles was ruling in the past, and he had not evolved or attempted to evolve the office of king according to the changing beliefs and needs of his people, this made him a tyrant as he was ruling without regard for the people he claimed sovereignty over. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. A2 History Essay on The Eleven Years Tyranny

    Nevertheless, statically, Charles' means of digging through neglected forms of rates and customs was successful as the Crown's income increased by 25% by 1636 when compared to a decade ago. Ironically, despite the opposition to Charles in regards to his means of raising money; the Crown was doing exactly what

  2. Was Charles I responsible for his execution?

    His behaviour at the trial has been the source of historical debate as to whether he was acting out of arrogance or bravery. On the one hand it could have been that he was keeping his pride and his principals as an act of bravery to a court that he

  1. Why Did Charles Dissolve Parliament in 1629?

    I believe that the way that Charles handled his finances and the political turmoil that came from it are a key reason for the total break down in trust. Because Charles had shown himself incapable of funding foreign policy and then breaking basic constitutional rights made parliament think very little

  2. Was Charles I Trying to Establish Royal Absolutism during his Personal Rule?

    Charles realised that England's obsession with an archaic system of rule was no longer appropriate and the system needed to be overhauled for the country's own good. Uniformity was the only way to do this. The problem was that people did not know what this would result in.

  1. Why did Charles V fail to crush Luther?

    Charles attempted to regain the princes' support through a series of compromises. At the Diet of Augsburg in1530, occurred after Charles felt threatened by attacks of Turkish armies in Eastern Austria and the Diet of Speyer, Charles once again appealed for conciliation.

  2. Why were Thomas Wentworth and William Laud Unpopular?

    The policy of driving the native Irish population from their lands was continued and extended under Wentworth's administration, this most definatley made Wentworth unpopular. Wentworth extends his unpopularity to the former mp's of the dissolved Parliament, as he says

  1. Why did Charles I decide to dissolve parliament in 1629?

    Financially supporting the Dutch in the same cause. 3) An English army of 6000, to be provided for the German Protestant mercenary commander. 4) A sea war against Spain to try and cut off its supplies of gold and silver from South America.

  2. Why did King Charles I Resort to Personal Rule in 1629?

    and his promotion up the ranks was symbolic of the coming to prominence of Arminianism. On the day after the dissolution of the 1626 parliament, Charles issued a proclamation that seemed to promote them and attack the "mainstream" Puritan element of the Church.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work