• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent Was England Protestant by 1547?

Extracts from this document...


To What Extent Was England Protestant by 1547? In 1547 the religious situation in England was an uncertain one. The country had split from the Catholic Church, due to Henry VIII's difference of opinion with the Pope, so technically the country was no longer Catholic. However those who supported religious change were not yet referring to themselves as Protestant, though their ideas were clearly inclined towards being so. The religious label had not yet been attached but the country was clearly developing in that direction, favouring emphasis on importance of faith rather than penance, and encouraging services and scripture in English to allow ordinary people to understand. It can be argued that England cannot be defined as Protestant because such a term barely existed at this time. However using such a simple line of reasoning it can equally be said that England was not Catholic because Henry VIII had split from the Church and named himself head of the Church of England. ...read more.


His fifth wife, Catherine Howard, was also Catholic and had great influence over him. Some people may argue that if the monarch of a country is Catholic then the country must also be. However Henry was not consistent in his beliefs, both his fourth and sixth wives were inclined towards Protestantism, and he did close down the monasteries. The issue of why the monasteries were actually closed down, i.e. for religious or economic reasons, is debatable, but it must be pointed out that it does create flaws in the idea that he was strongly Catholic, if that was the case he would not have done so. The issue of Thomas Cromwell is also important here. In 1538 Cromwell was given a position where he had a great deal of influence over religious issues, and as he had Protestant beliefs this could indicate that the country was leaning towards Protestantism. ...read more.


Obviously some still felt ties to the traditional Catholic beliefs, but religious life had changed for ordinary people. Their church services were now in English, as were the bibles in their churches. Catholic shrines had been destroyed and people were being discouraged from purchasing relics or indulgences. Henry VIII, as opposed to the Pope was now the authoritative religious figure, and the monasteries were no longer in existence. The king's break from the church had allowed Cromwell and Cramner to use their influence to reflect the urge for religious change that was felt by the English people. By 1547 religious life and worship had shifted a great deal, and Protestant ideas were very valued, though the country was not yet officially 'Protestant'. However this name was only a technicality, and Protestantism seemed inevitable after Henry's death, considering the young impressionistic new king, the religious values of his advisers, and the feeling amongst the people of the country. Protestant ideas were distinctly felt by people throughout society, and the evidence backing this up is strong, and despite the erratic nature of Henry VIII, fairly consistent. Lula Teunissen 07/05/07 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. How far was England a Protestant nation on the death of Henry VIII in ...

    The Six Articles of 1539 and the King's Book of 1543 reinforced and reaffirmed the doctrines of transubstantiation, communion, clerical celibacy, private masses, the seven sacraments, the place of images, and the centrality of justification through faith and works. The Act of Six Articles marked a radical shift in doctrine.

  2. To What Extent Was England A Protestant Country By 1547?

    idle, holy thieves"2. If this was the case, then it is perfectly feasible that the reforming of the Monasteries was a genuine attempt to improve the service offered by the Church. It is certainly possible that having seen the work done by Luther and heard his views on the failings

  1. How Protestant was England by 1547

    Henry said that the monasteries worth under �200 were to be closed down. Thomas Cromwell and his commissioners would then go to the monasteries that were going to be dissolved and they would strip the monasteries of everything that was valuable, they would take crosses, candle sticks, windows and so on.

  2. To what extent was england a protestant country by 1547

    Many other moves had also been previously made toward Protestantism, these include the spread of the vernacular bible which people could read and understand better than being told what the priests wanted them to hear.

  1. To What extent was England a Protestant country by 1547?

    As Cranmer was a religious Lutheran, his appointment of the high position of the religion meant now England headed to the Protestantism. England encouraged the alliance with a Lutheran country, Germany. It followed with the marriage of Henry with a Lutheran Princess Anne Cleves.

  2. To what extent had Francebecome a nation-state by 1610?

    Diversity and separatism, aggravated by the difficulty of maintaining efficient communication across vast distances, made it virtually impossible to treat France as a united kingdom. "Some of the provinces behaved at times as though they were independent members of a federal union, and there were many regions of France where

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work